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株と債権、貯蓄と投資

2018-11-21 10:50:59 | 経済統計

英語の出題ですが、内容はABC(初歩)です。

1 株と債券、どちらが有利な投資か?

2 国が借金を減らし金利が低下すると、貯蓄や投資にどういう影響を与えるか?

日経経済記事を読むための基礎知識レベルといったところです。

Questions

1.
let's us suppose that your bank account
pays an interest rate of 8 percent. 
You are considering buying a share
of stock ABC Corporation for $110. 
After 1, and 2 yeare, it will pay a dividend of s5. 
you expect to sell the stock
after 2 years for $120. 
Is ABC a good investment? 
Support your answer with calculations. 

2. 
let's us suppose that Japanese government borrows 20 trillion Yen less next year than this year .

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経済学・統計学・数学 オンライン指導いたします。

詳しくはこちらをご参照ください。

 https://blog.goo.ne.jp/scm123/e/745ef0930cfd8347f772a1f10c02a565

 https://ecolez.net/

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a)
Use a demand and-supply diagram to analyze this policy. Does the interest rate increase or decrease? 

2.b) 
What happens to investment, private saving, public saving, and national saving? Compare the size of changes to the $20 trillion Yen decrease in the government borrowing. 

Answers

1.
bank account:
8% on $110 for 2years = 8.8x2 = 17.6
stock:
dividend $5x2 + capital gain $10 (110-100) = $20
The stock is bigger in return.

2a.
Interest rate is the price for borrowing (demand) and lending (supply) money for a certain period of time.
As the demand decrease in this case, the interest rate will drop.

2b.
Lower interest rate stimulates investment (lower interest expense), and discurages savings (lower interest income).

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