英検準1級&東大・京大・早慶の英語(英単語)は英英方式で突破できる!

英英思考を制するものは英語を制す。英英辞典とネイティブ向け読み物への早期移行が異次元の高速学習を可能にした。

2022-2英検2級で的中した大学入試共通テスト英英直読単熟語収録語彙

2022年10月31日 | 大学入試共通テスト英英直読単熟語
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語の作成にあたってはセンター試験英語過去問、共通テスト試行問題のみならず英検2級、準2級の過去問からキーワードを徹底調査しました。
 先日行われた英検2級過去問語彙問題では単語問題11問のうちsurgeryを除く10単語を以下のようにカバーしています。

2022-2英検2級語彙問題【1】ー(1)で的中した単語の英英挟み撃ち問題
Bats have a rem------ homing instinct.
【unusual or surprising in a way that deserves attention】

※正解はremarkable : 注目すべき

語彙問題【1】ー(2)で的中した単語の英英挟み撃ち問題
There is no doubt the Internet is a mar------ invention.
【extremely good】

正解はmarvelous: 驚くべき

語彙問題【1】ー(3)で的中した単語を含む英英挟み撃ち問題
Taking simple steps to res------ conflict immediately can prevent many workplace conflicts from escalating.
【to find a solution to a problem, argument, or difficulty】

ここでの正解はresolve:解決する、英検語彙問題での正解はconflict:紛争

語彙問題【1】ー(5)で的中した単語を含む英英挟み撃ち問題
By coi------ , I was present on occasions when it was raining and so gained a“rainy reputation.”
【a situation in which separate things happen at the same time without any planning】

ここでの正解はcoincidence:偶然、英検語彙問題での正解はreputation:評判

語彙問題【1】ー(6)で的中Scientists have speculated that the destruction of Earth's ozone layer would exp------ us to damaging ultraviolet rays.
【to put someone or something in a place or situation where they are not protected from something dangerous or unpleasant】

正解はexpose:さらす

語彙問題【1】ー(7)で的中した単語の英英挟み撃ち問題
When a wound hea------ , it may eventually turn into a scar.
【to become healthy and normal again】

正解はheals:癒える

語彙問題【1】ー(8)で的中した単語の英英挟み撃ち問題
Are fle------ working hours practical for small businesses?
【able to change to adapt to new conditions or situations】

正解はflexible:柔軟な

語彙問題【1】ー(9)で的中した単語の英英挟み撃ち問題
The vast majority of aba- pets never make it out of shelters alive.
【to leave someone or something you are responsible for permanently or for a long time】

正解はabandoned:捨てられた

語彙問題【1】ー(10)で的中した単語の英英挟み撃ち問題
Emotional and physical hunger are both signals of emptiness which you try to eli- with food.
【to get rid of something】

正解はeliminate:除去する

語彙問題【1】ー(11)で的中した単語の英英挟み撃ち問題
Unless people ref------ from activities that pollute the environment, global warming could pose a threat to life on the earth.
【to stop yourself from doing something that you want to do】
正解はrefrain:控える

※英検語彙は語彙問題より長文問題語彙の方がやさしめで、後半の長文問題語彙を大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は以下のようにカバーしています。

2022-2英検2級長文[2]に登場した大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語収録語彙

a wide variety of, estimate, produce, design, waste, bury, according to, conservation, cause, wildlife, species, environmental, protection, organization, effort, government, diversity, law, control, pollution, educate, continue, increase

※throw away, landfill, break downのような未収録語彙も若干あるとはいえ、上記のキーワードがわかっていれば文脈と字面から容易に語義を推測できます。
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キーワード和訳付きのセンター試験英語過去問(4)(1991年センター試験第5問)

2022年09月26日 | キーワード和訳つきのセンター試験英語過去問
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録された英英定義、単語、例文を書き取る二種類のディクテーション用紙を無料提供中です。字幕を見ながら英日ディクテーション用紙(キーワード和訳付き)を穴埋めしたあとで、字幕なしで音声のみを聴きながら英英ディクテーション用紙を穴埋めすると一層効果的で、
 自信のない部分だけを和訳して添削を受ける訓練で英語力を飛躍的に伸ばせます。ただいま無料体験者募集中です。
鈴木 康 <suzuyasu@wmail.plala.or.jp>までお気軽にご連絡ください。

 共通テスト英語はセンター試験英語と比較して大幅に量が増えたものの、読解力と聴解力があれば確実に点が取れる試験です。正確な読解と聴解には語彙力が不可欠で、あらかじめキーワードを覚えてしまえばいたって易しい英語試験です。そこで、キーワード和訳つきのセンター試験の過去問をお届けします。

青字の和訳がついたキーワードはすべて大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録されたものです。
1991センター試験(5)
□When is a person old? There are many individuals who still seem ‘young’ at seventy or more, while others appear ‘old’ in their fifties. From another point of view, sumô wrestlers, for instance, are ‘old’ in their thirties, whereas artists' best years may come in their sixties or even later. But in general, people are old when society considers them to be old, that is, when they retire【引退する】 from work at around the age of sixty or sixty-five.
□Nowadays, however, the demand for new work skills is making more and more individuals old before their time. Although older workers tend to be dependable, and have much to offer from their many years of experience, they are put at a disadvantage by rapid developments in technology. Older people usually find it more difficult to acquire【習得する】 the new skills required by technological changes, and they do not enjoy the same educational opportunities as young workers.
□When they finally leave work and retire, people face further problems. The majority receive little or no assistance in adjusting to their new situation in the community. Moreover, since society at present appears to have no clear picture of what place its older members should occupy, it is unable to offer them enough opportunities to have satisfying social roles after they retire.
□In the past, the old used to be looked upon as experts【専門家】 in solving various problems of life. Today, however, they are no longer regarded【みなされる】 as such and are seldom expected to play significant roles in social, economic and community affairs. With the number of older people in the population【人口】 rapidly increasing, we need greatly to increase and improve the opportunities provided for them so that they can participate【参加する】 in society with dignity【尊厳】 and respect.

問1 People are normally regarded as old when .
① they are in their fifties
② they are judged to be old by society
③ they consider themselves too old to work
④ they reach the age of seventy

問2 Changes in technology can .
① enable【可能にする】 older workers to make better use of their experience
② give older people opportunities for new jobs
③ make it easier for older workers to acquire new skills
④ make older people's knowledge and skills out of date

問3 After finally retiring, most people .
① are given new social roles by society
② do not need assistance in making the necessary adjustments
③ have few disadvantages in their new situation
④ have to work out their social roles largely for themselves

問4 According to the fourth paragraph, the position of old people in society today largely depends【よる】 on .
① how many problems they are able to solve
② the age at which they finally retire from their work
③ the rapid increase【増加】 in the number of retired people in the community
④ what opportunities they are given by society

解答)1② 2④ 3④ 3④


大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は上記長文中の語彙を以下のように網羅的にカバーしています。
□When is a person old? There are many individuals who still seem ‘young’ at seventy or more, while others appear ‘old’ in their fifties. From another point of view, sumô wrestlers, for instance, are ‘old’ in their thirties, whereas artists' best years may come in their sixties or even later. But in general, people are old when society considers them to be old, that is, when they retire from work at around the age of sixty or sixty-five.
□Nowadays, however, the demand for new work skills is making more and more individuals old before their time. Although older workers tend to be dependable, and have much to offer from their many years of experience, they are put at a disadvantage by rapid developments in technology. Older people usually find it more difficult to acquire the new skills required by technological changes, and they do not enjoy the same educational opportunities as young workers.
□When they finally leave work and retire, people face further problems. The majority receive little or no assistance in adjusting to their new situation in the community. Moreover, since society at present appears to have no clear picture of what place its older members should occupy, it is unable to offer them enough opportunities to have satisfying social roles after they retire.
□In the past, the old used to be looked upon as experts in solving various problems of life. Today, however, they are no longer regarded as such and are seldom expected to play significant roles in social, economic and community affairs. With the number of older people in the population rapidly increasing, we need greatly to increase and improve the opportunities provided for them so that they can participate in society with dignity and respect.

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は、800の例文と大学受験生向けに新作した800の英英定義文の中に2000語以上の共通テストのキーワードになる英単語・熟語を網羅的に組み込み、以下のような四択問題200問と英英挟み撃ち問題800問からなる練習問題にしました。

①prevent【privént】(Ex:The *noise *prevented me from sleeping.)
②invent【invént】(Ex:Who *invented the telephone? )
③bark【bɑ'ːrk】(Ex:*Barking dogs *seldom bite.)
④achieve【ətʃíːv】(Ex:She *achieved her objective of qualifying for the Olympics.)
(A)to create something that has never been made before
(B)to stop someone or something from doing something
(C)to succeed in doing something, usually with effort
(D)to make a short loud sound

①prevent【妨げる】(Ex:騒音は私が眠るのを妨げた)
②invent【発明する】(Ex:誰が電話を発明したのだろうか)
③bark【吠える】(Ex:吠える犬はめったにかまない)
④achieve【達成する】(Ex:彼女はオリンピック参加資格を得るという目標を達成した)
(A)いままで作られたことのないものを創造すること
(B)誰かあるいは何かが何かを行うのを止めること
(C)通常は努力を伴って何かするのに成功すること
(D)短い大きな音を出すこと
解答)解答)①B②A③D④C

①The noise pre------- me from sleeping.
【to stop someone or something from doing something】

②Who inv------- the telephone?
【to create something that has never been made before】

③Bar------- dogs seldom bite.
【to make a short loud sound】

④She ach------- her objective of qualifying for the Olympics.
【to succeed in doing something, usually with effort】

解答)①prevented ②invented ③Barking ④achieved

予備校の授業で採用したところ、共通テスト試行 調査問題の正解率が5割以下だった受験生が半年弱で8~9割正解できるまでの 成果が出ています。
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に準拠した共通テストキーワード800語を定義→単語→例文の順で書き取る穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙は無料提供しています。
 毎日20~30分×50日で、A4表裏50枚の穴埋めを完成させて意味を確認すると英語力は飛躍的に向上します。
 以下は、英英直読英単語・熟語-無料ディクテーション用紙のサンプルで、スマホでQRコードをなぞればいつでもどこでも音声と英語字幕を伴った画像が表示されるため、気軽にディクテーションができます。授業でのご利用は大歓迎でディクテーション用紙の複製はご自由にやってください。全体100ページを50Sectionに分けてひとつのSectionはA4表裏に収まりますので、小テストや宿題にも使いやすいです。

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(81)~(96)

(81)to (         ) reach or (       )a larger area or more people=(      )

Some (       )can be (        ) only by (        )(        ).

(82)to keep something for you so that you will be able to use it at a later time=(           )

The president had his secretary (           ) a flight for New York.

(83)to (     ) an answer or an opinion about something without (       ) knowledge about it
=(        )

I (       ) listening to the (        )(         )made me tired.

(84)to know or understand a particular fact or (           )=(          )

I came to (          ) the need to (        ) my time more (        ).

(85)to (          )and (        )a book, magazine, etc. so that people can buy it
=(             )

Getting your (            )(           )(        ) you to have a marketable story.

(86)to (            ) with someone by telephone or letter=(        )

Is it possible to (         ) the police via the Internet if there is an (          )?

(87)to use (            ) to hurt or damage someone or something=(         )

Bears (      )(          ) humans (        ) they feel (            ).

(88)to feel sorry or sad about something you have done and (       ) you had not done it
=(         )

The short-(         ) young man deeply (        ) what he had said to his girlfriend as soon as he put the phone down.

(89)a way that is made by people or animals walking (       ) the ground=(       )

We were (       ) of our energy by the steep and narrow (       ) in the mountain.

(90)the opinions and feelings that you have about something, especially when this (      ) in the way you (      )=(          )

Sylvia's (         ) toward the (       ) don't (   )(   ) to me.

(91)a choice or (        ) that you make after thinking carefully=(           )

There was some (          ) of opinions, but the (          ) was (   )(     ) until next time.

(92)the cases and bags that you carry when you are travelling=(         )

Would you mind (       )an eye on my (         ) while I make a phone call?

(93)unofficial (          ) that may or may not be true=(        )

Local (        )has it that he was (          ) buried in that church.

(94)the things that you need to do a particular job or (       )=(              )

Today's best audio (              ) almost (         )the sound (       )of a live concert.

(95)the (        ) way in which something is (         ) or (           )
=(            )

Heavy industry is moving in the (           ) of more automated machines and less manpower.

(96)the place where something is (         )=(          )

Doing business no (        )(      )(    )(          ).

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(97)~(112)

(97)having a (        ) to know more about something=(        )

A (       )(      ) gathered at the site of the car accident and watched the (        )(         )
of the rescue team.  

(98)not using too many words=(       )

This (      ) explanation will (       ) as an introduction to the book.

(99)feeling physically (      ) without (        ) feelings=(        )

In the 21st century, we can expect scientific (       )to give more people than ever
the (      )of (         ) a (         ) and easy life.

(100)not (          )(    ) other people for help or money=(            )

Jane was already financially (            ) of her parents before she finished university.

(101)to say (        ) that something is true, (      )(      ) other people think it may not be true
=(       )

The 18th-century philosopher Immanual Kant (         ) that all lies are (          ).

(102)to (       ) someone for an official position by (       )=(        )

It is (       ) that the President will be (        ) for another term.

(103)to be (       ) at an event such as a meeting or a class=(       )

All the students who are interested in studying (        ) should (        ) next week's meeting.

(104)to design or (      ) something (       ) for the first time=(        )

Who is (        ) with (        ) the telephone?

(105)to (       ) that someone does something=(         )

Weather (        ), we (         ) outdoor play as often as possible.

(106)to get something=(      )

According to the law, you must be 18 years old or over to (    ) a driver's license in Japan.

(107)to tell people about something (       )=(          )

To our surprise, the mayor suddenly (        ) her (         ) in spite of her high (       ).

(108)to (        ) something away from a place=(        )

The company wants to sell its (       ) to (       ) carbon dioxide
from the (         ) and (      ) it underground.

(109)something that you remember=(        )

Before the exam I (       ) my (        ) by reading some old notes.

(110)a special (      ) or (           ) that is given only to one person or group=(          )

As a member, you have the (          ) of (        ) books at a 20% (      ).

(111)something that you do often or (             ), often without thinking about it=(       )

Especially at the beginning of a new year, one question
that (           ) comes up is how to (    )(    )(   )bad (       ).

(112)something that is known by only a small number of people and not told to others=(       )

A (       ) that you carry to the grave is something you never tell anyone during your (   ) lifetime.

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(113)~(128)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(129)~(144)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(145)~(160)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(161)~(176)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(177)~(192)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(193)~(208)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(209)~(224)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(225)~(240)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(241)~(256)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(257)~(272)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(273)~(288)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(289)~(304)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(305)~(320)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(321)~(336)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(337)~(352)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(353)~(368)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(369)~(384)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(385)~(400)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(401)~(416)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(417)~(432)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(433)~(448)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(449)~(464)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(465)~(480)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(481)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(512)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(513)~(528)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(529)~(544)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(545)~(560)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(561)~(576)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(577)~(592)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(593)~(608)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(609)~(624)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(625)~(640)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(641)~(656)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(657)~(672)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(673)~(688)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(689)~(704)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(705)~(720)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(721)~(736)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(737)~(752)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(753)~(768)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(769)~(784)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(785)~(800)
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キーワード和訳付きのセンター試験英語過去問(3)(1990年センター試験追試第5問)

2022年09月23日 | キーワード和訳つきのセンター試験英語過去問
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録された英英定義、単語、例文を書き取る二種類のディクテーション用紙を無料提供中です。字幕を見ながら英日ディクテーション用紙(キーワード和訳付き)を穴埋めしたあとで、字幕なしで音声のみを聴きながら英英ディクテーション用紙を穴埋めすると一層効果的で、
 自信のない部分だけを和訳して添削を受ける訓練で英語力を飛躍的に伸ばせます。ただいま無料体験者募集中です。
鈴木 康 <suzuyasu@wmail.plala.or.jp>までお気軽にご連絡ください。

 共通テスト英語はセンター試験英語と比較して大幅に量が増えたものの、読解力と聴解力があれば確実に点が取れる試験です。正確な読解と聴解には語彙力が不可欠で、あらかじめキーワードを覚えてしまえばいたって易しい英語試験です。そこで、キーワード和訳つきのセンター試験の過去問をお届けします。

青字の和訳がついたキーワードはすべて大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録されたものです。


1990追試-(5)
□Butterflies are insects as familiar to us as dragonflies. Many of us remember chasing them in the countryside or seeing them pinned neatly in boxes in museums. There are many people who collect butterflies because they are fascinated 【魅了された】 by their beauty and variety. Butterfly shapes have also been used for patterns on kimono for a long time. Nowadays butterflies are usually considered to be objects of beauty.
□In the early stages of Japanese history, however, butterflies were not as popular【人気がある】 as they are today. For example, in the eighth-century Man'yôshû, one of the oldest collections of Japanese poetry, the word‘butterfly’is mentioned only twice. On the other hand, insect names such as ‘cricket’ appear more frequently. This may be due to the ancient【古代の】 Japanese attitude【態度】toward butterflies. In those days butterflies were feared and respected because they were thought to be the souls of people who had just died. Later their fearful image grew as Buddhist priests taught people of death and life after death. As a result, the butterfly as a symbol【象徴】 of the human soul came to be associated【結びつけられた】 with death in the minds of many people. Butterflies were, therefore, not just delicate, beautiful creatures.
□The image of butterflies gradually changed along with our ancestors' views of life and nature. As time went on, butterflies began to draw the attention of artists and craftsmen, and the ancient Japanese fear of them was replaced 【取って代わられた】 by feelings of admiration as their beauty was more deeply appreciated. Butterflies are a good example of how people's attitudes toward familiar【馴染みの】 things around us can change over time.

問1 What was the attitude of people to butterflies in the days of the Man'yôshû?
① They considered butterflies suitable subjects for poetry.
② They regarded【みなす】 butterflies as the image of Buddha.
③ They respected and feared butterflies.
④ They were indifferent to butterflies.

問2 What do many Japanese think of butterflies today?
① They are a symbol of spring.
② They are fearful and mysterious【謎の】 .
③ They are objects of beauty.
④ They are the souls of ancient【古代の】 people.

問3 Who helped create and spread the modern image of butterflies?
① Artists and craftsmen.
② Buddhist priests.
③ Butterfly collectors.
④ Poets in the days of the Man'yôshû.

問4 What does the writer say about butterflies in this passage?
① Butterflies have always fascinated insect collectors and craftsmen.
② Butterflies should be feared and respected.
③ People's images of butterflies have changed over time.
④ The beauty of butterflies has been appreciated throughout history.

解答)1③ 2③ 3① 4③

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は上記長文中の語彙を以下のように網羅的にカバーしています。
□Butterflies are insects as familiar to us as dragonflies. Many of us remember chasing them in the countryside or seeing them pinned neatly in boxes in museums. There are many people who collect butterflies because they are fascinated by their beauty and variety. Butterfly shapes have also been used for patterns on kimono for a long time. Nowadays butterflies are usually considered to be objects of beauty.
□In the early stages of Japanese history, however, butterflies were not as popular as they are today. For example, in the eighth-century Man'yôshû, one of the oldest collections of Japanese poetry, the word ‘butterfly’ is mentioned only twice. On the other hand, insect names such as ‘cricket’ appear more frequently. This may be due to the ancient Japanese attitude toward butterflies. In those days butterflies were feared and respected because they were thought to be the souls of people who had just died. Later their fearful image grew as Buddhist priests taught people of death and life after death. As a result, the butterfly as a symbol of the human soul came to be associated with death in the minds of many people. Butterflies were, therefore, not just delicate, beautiful creatures.
□The image of butterflies gradually changed along with our ancestors' views of life and nature. As time went on, butterflies began to draw the attention of artists and craftsmen, and the ancient Japanese fear of them was replaced by feelings of admiration as their beauty was more deeply appreciated. Butterflies are a good example of how people's attitudes toward familiar things around us can change over time.

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は、800の例文と大学受験生向けに新作した800の英英定義文の中に2000語以上の共通テストのキーワードになる英単語・熟語を網羅的に組み込み、以下のような四択問題200問と英英挟み撃ち問題800問からなる練習問題にしました。

①role【róul】(Ex:Sleep plays an important *role in your physical health.)
②wealth【wélθ】(Ex:For all his *wealth, he is not happy.)
③operation【ɑ`pəréiʃən】(Ex:She was in the hospital for an *operation.)
④rumor【rúːmər】(Ex:The *rumor turned out to be false. )
(A)an unofficial, interesting story or news that may or may not be true
(B)a large amount of money, property, etc. that someone owns
(C)the function of something in a particular situation
(D)the process of cutting into a patient's body for medical reasons

①role【役割】(Ex:睡眠は肉体的健康に重要な役割を果たす)
②wealth【富】(Ex:富にもかかわらず、彼は幸福ではない)
③operation【手術】(Ex:彼女は手術のため入院していた)
④rumor【噂】(Ex:その噂はうそと判明した)
(A)本当かもしれず本当でないかもしれない非公式の面白い話あるいはニュース
(B)誰かが所有する大量の金、財産など
(C)特定の状況下での何かの機能
(D)治療上の理由で患者の肉体に切り込む過程
解答)①C②B③D④A

①Sleep plays an important rol------- in your physical health.
【the function of something in a particular situation】

②For all his wea-------, he is not happy.
【a large amount of money, property, etc. that someone owns】

③She was in the hospital for an ope------- .
【the process of cutting into a patient's body for medical reasons】

④The rum------- turned out to be false.
【an unofficial, interesting story or news that may or may not be true】

解答)①role ②wealth ③operation ④rumor

 予備校の授業で採用したところ、共通テスト試行 調査問題の正解率が5割以下だった受験生が半年弱で8~9割正解できるまでの 成果が出ています。
ただし、英英直読英単語・熟語を独力で解いていくには英検準2級合格程度の基礎力が必要です。
 以下は、英英直読英単語・熟語-無料英日ディクテーション用紙のサンプルで、英検3級合格程度から取り組めます。
スマホでQRコードをなぞれば音声と英日字幕を伴った画像が表示されるため、いつでもどこでも気軽にディクテーションができます。
授業でのご利用は大歓迎でディクテーション用紙の複製はご自由にやってください。
 全体100ページを50Sectionに分けてひとつのSectionはA4表裏に収まりますので、宿題や小テストにも使いやすいです。
 4~5分で音読されるひとつのSectionを三周すればほぼ全部の空欄に書き込めます。
 キーワードには和訳がついていて書き取るそばから意味を確認できるため学習効果は絶大です。一日15分程度のディクテーションを50日続ければ英語力は飛躍的に改善されます。
英英直読英単語・熟語で英英定義と例文の全訳を確認し練習問題を解くといっそう効率的です。


 ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(1)~(16)

(1)to (      )受けるsomething that is (     )提示された=(      )受け入れる

In *(        ) a (     )正式の(     )招待,
it is important to (     ) 応じるappropriately.

(2)to (    )something to someone or (     ) it (        )利用できるto them
=(          )提供する

Our (         )会社 *(        ) our customers (      ) clothing
at (         )手頃なprices

(3)to (    ) 置くsomething in a (         )特定のplace (    ) people can see it easily
=(       )展示する

He is an artist (       ) paintings are *(        ) in a (       )美術館 in Paris.

(4)to (     )形作る a picture of something (   ) your (     )
=(        )想像する

In an (     )ますます(      )つながったworld, many people can't *(      ) life (       ) the Internet.

(5)to (       )提供するsomething that is (       )=(     )満足させる

We cannot *(       ) consumer (      )需要without (     )輸入する(     )商品 and services.

(6)to have a (      ) of great (     )尊敬for someone=(     )称賛する

Helen Keller, *(       ) for her work (   )(    )(   ) …のための people (      ) disabilities, visited Japan three times.

(7)to (      )増やす the (    )量or (       ) of something=(      )上げる

Dad, if my grades (       )良くなるby the end of the (        )学期,
would you (    ) *(       ) my allowance?

(8)to (    )なる(    )気づいている of someone or something=(     )気づく

Have you ever *(      ) the different (   )やり方
people use to (    )(    )対処するproblems?

(9)a large mass of land (       )囲まれた(    )(    )=(        )大陸
In the 1930s, flights (     ) the *(         ) were not (      )一般的な.

(10)the (      )(      ) someone is going to=(        )目的地

(      )(     )…のおかげでthe good (        )天気,
we arrived at our *(        ) an hour (        )(   )(        )予定より早く.

(11)the (         )一般的な(        )印象that you have in a particular place
=(       )雰囲気

Many cafes try to (       )作る a (       )くつろげる*(      )
(    )(      )~のように customers can enjoy their tea break.

(12)the (      )過程(   ) making or (      )育てる something for sale
(   ) large (        )量=(       )生産

(       )(      )…のためseasonable *(       ) patterns,
the (     )大部分 of Mexico's oranges arrive in the US market (     ) December (    )June.

(13)an (       )手配 to meet with someone at a particular time
=(         )予約

Did you (     ) the dentist and make an *(      )
for the (          )治療?

(14)someone who has a (      )特定の(      )能力 or who knows a lot about something=(       )専門家

In the past, the old (   ) to be (   )(    )( ) …とみなす*(      )
in (      )解決する(     )さまざまなproblems in life.

(15)a person who (    )(    ) you=(        )近所の人

I saw a cat sneaking into my *(        ) yard.

(16)the (     )過程of building something (      )(   ) …のようなhouses, bridges, roads etc.=(         )建設

The *(      )(    ) the new building is (       )(     )進行中の.

 ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(17)~(32)

(17) (     )感じる(    ) 喜んだand (    ) 満足したabout something that you have done=(    )誇らしい

Graduating from university is a (    )巨大な(      )達成 and you should be *(     ) of yourself.

(18)(    )費用がかかるa lot of money=(          )高価な

Making (    )エネルギー-saving changes in the home can be *(          ),
but it will (    )節約する your money in the (    )(    )長期的には.

(19)not (     )存在する at a (    )通常の or (    ) 予想されるplace
=(     )欠席の

In my school, when a (       ) 正規のteacher is *(     ), another teacher teaches the class (     )代わりに.

(20) (    ) the (     )能力to do something=(    )できる

(    )(   ) …によればthe newspaper, even a teenager is *(     )(   )sailing a yacht around the world (   )ひとりで.

(21)to (    )許すsomeone to (   ) something=(    )許可する

Children (  ) six and under are not *(     ) to use the swimming pool
(    )~でなければ they are with an adult.

(22)to (    )(    )(  )参加するsomething=(    )参加する

The most important thing in the Olympics is ( ) to win ( ) to *(      ).

(23)to be (     ) or (      )(    ) someone=(       )魅力を持つ

Benjamin Day is remembered as a revolutionary (         )人物
who showed that newspapers could *(     ) to a mass (      )大衆.

(24)to (   ) something quickly=(      )振る

We nod our heads up-and-down for “yes” and *(     ) them left-and-right for “no”.

(25)to (    )( ) to someone or something=(     )近づく

There were two (     )車両on the road *(      ) the signal.

(26)to (    )調べる(     ) things or people are (   )類似したor different
=(    )比較する

*(      )(    ) the same (    )期間last year,
(    )工業の(    )生産(    )上がる by one percent this year.

(27)to ( ) someone about something in a (    )あり方that (    ) them understand it better=(     )説明する

The engineer *(     ) how to (   )操作するthe sophisticated system.

(28)to (    )(    )扱うsomeone or something in a particular way=(   )扱う

I am extremely (    ) of animals, and I can't (    ) 我慢するanyone
*( ) them with ( )残酷さ.

(29)the ( )感覚( ) good things will happen in the future
=(     )期待

It's quite hard for new companies to (    )(   )(   )応える customers' *(     ).

(30)a (   )原因or an (    )説明for why something happens or why someone does something=(     )理由

The *(    )I (   )(   )(   )(   ) …とうまくやっていく
my best friend is that we have many things (   )(      )共通の.

(31)difficult situations that ( ) you ( )(      )不安な
=(   )圧力

We've been working ( ) so much *( ) lately in our office that we all need a holiday.

(32)the (    )地域 of a town that (     )囲む your home
=(    )近所

The leaves in my *(     )have recently (    ) yellow.

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(33)~(48)


ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(49)~(64)


ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(65)~(80)
ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(81)~(96)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(97)~(112)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(113)~(128)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(129)~(144)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(145)~(160)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(161)~(176)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(177)~(192)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(193)~(208)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(209)~(224)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(225)~(240)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(241)~(256)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(257)~(272)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(273)~(288)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(289)~(304)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(305)~(320)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(321)~(336)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(337)~(352)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(353)~(368)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(369)~(384)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(385)~(400)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(401)~(416)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(417)~(432)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(433)~(448)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(449)~(464)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(465)~(480)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(481)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(512)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(513)~(528)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(529)~(544)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(545)~(560)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(561)~(576)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(577)~(592)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(593)~(608)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(609)~(624)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(625)~(640)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(641)~(656)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(657)~(672)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(673)~(688)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(689)~(704)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(705)~(720)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(721)~(736)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(737)~(752)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(753)~(768)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(769)~(784)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(785)~(800)
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キーワード和訳付きのセンター試験英語過去問(2)(1990年センター試験第6問)

2022年09月22日 | キーワード和訳つきのセンター試験英語過去問
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録された英英定義、単語、例文を書き取る二種類のディクテーション用紙を無料提供中です。字幕を見ながら英日ディクテーション用紙(キーワード和訳付き)を穴埋めしたあとで、字幕なしで音声のみを聴きながら英英ディクテーション用紙を穴埋めすると一層効果的で、
自信のない部分だけを和訳して添削を受ける訓練で英語力を飛躍的に伸ばせます。
 ただいま無料体験者募集中です。
鈴木 康 <suzuyasu@wmail.plala.or.jp>までお気軽にご連絡ください。

 共通テスト英語はセンター試験英語と比較して大幅に量が増えたものの、読解力と聴解力があれば確実に点が取れる試験です。正確な読解と聴解には語彙力が不可欠で、あらかじめキーワードを覚えてしまえばいたって易しい英語試験です。そこで、キーワード和訳つきのセンター試験の過去問をお届けします。

青字の和訳がついたキーワードはすべて大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録されたものです。

1990-(6)
□The first time I met him, everybody seemed to think that he was crazy and very dangerous. However, I was fascinated【魅了された】 with him and gradually a new friendship was born between us. It all began on the day I visited a yacht in Newport Harbor.
□A friend of mine, Richard, owned the yacht. He and his wife had two female relatives staying with them during the summer. I wanted to drop by and say hello as Richard and I always had a good time fishing together, and I was interested in meeting the two women.
□As I approached the yacht, there was no sign of life and I guessed 【推測する】 that everyone had gone ashore. The yacht, however, was not completely empty. I noticed 【気づく】 a little creature sitting on the deck, looking at me with suspicion and fear.
□I then realized 【理解する】 that something terrible had happened on the yacht before I arrived. The deck was covered with broken objects including a little house in which the creature seemed to have been kept.
□Suddenly it jumped through the air to a long, loose rope, and as it came near me, I could see that it was a monkey. He looked down at me as he swung back and forth, performing all kinds of acrobatics and gymnastics. It was really interesting to watch what he did on the swinging rope; I myself had practiced【練習する】 gymnastics in school, so every least thing the monkey did in his performance had a very special appeal to me. I started talking to him in a gentle voice and told him of my great interest in his tricks, and asked him to show me some more.
□Like a circus star, he walked with perfect【完璧な】 balance on the wire between the two masts, and then took a long jump toward me. Without hesitation, I extended my hand to help him and he sat down beside me, watching every movement of my lips while I told him what a truly great artist he was. He moved onto my lap as if we had been friends for a very long time.
□Just then I heard noises behind us. Turning around, I saw a small boat coming toward us with Richard's wife and a policeman in the front. He was carrying a rifle and behind him sat two women nervously pointing at the yacht. As their boat came near the yacht, they began shouting at me, but I only half understood what they were saying. Once they were on board, the monkey became very excited and I soon understood what had happened on the yacht.
□Richard had received the monkey as a present, and they immediately became inseparable friends. Two days before, Richard had to go out of town on business and left the monkey in his wife's care. Separated from Richard, the monkey felt so lonely that he started breaking things, and when the women tried to stop him he attacked them. They fled in the small boat to get help from the police.
□After a heated discussion, I persuaded【説得する】 the policeman not to shoot the monkey. I promised to take care of him until Richard returned; he could decide what should be done with his ‘crazy pet.’
□We left together in my boat while the three women and the policeman stayed behind on the yacht. The monkey gradually calmed down because there were no people around to upset him. My new friend sat quietly in front of me as we approached【近づく】 the shore.

問1 What happened on the yacht before the writer visited?
① Someone cut the rope and let the monkey go.
② The monkey damaged things on deck.
③ The monkey fought with Richard's ‘crazy pet.’
④ The monkey played with the women.

問2 Why did “something terrible” (in the fourth paragraph) happen on the yacht?
① Because Richard's wife and his relatives left the monkey alone.
② Because the monkey felt abandoned【捨てられた】 by his owner.
③ Because the monkey lost his little house on deck.
④ Because the policeman tried to shoot the monkey.

問3 What was Richard doing on the day the writer visited?
① He was away on a business trip.
② He was fishing with his wife in the small boat.
③ He was reporting the monkey's behavior to the police.
④ He was visiting one of his old friends.

問4 Why did the writer go to the yacht?
① Because he had promised to go fishing with Richard.
② Because he wanted to play with Richard's pet.
③ Because he wanted to see Richard, his wife, and the two women.
④ Because he was going to take care of the monkey.

問5 What did the policeman do on the yacht?
① He helped the writer catch the monkey.
② He persuaded the women not to shoot the monkey.
③ He shot the monkey with his rifle.
④ He took part in a heated discussion.

問6 Why was the writer fascinated【魅了された】 with the monkey?
① Because he had always loved monkeys.
② Because he wanted to keep the monkey as a pet.
③ Because he was interested in the monkey's tricks.
④ Because Richard wanted him to look after the monkey.

問7 What happened to the monkey at the end of the story?
① The monkey was left with the police for the moment.
② The monkey went to stay with the writer.
③ The writer had to look after him permanently.
④ They decided to give the monkey to the circus.

B 次の ①~⑩ のうちから本文の内容と合っているものを4つ選べ.ただし,解答の
順序は問わない.
① Richard and the writer became friends instantly.
② Richard and the writer shared an interest in fishing.
③ Richard had already told the writer about his pet.
④ The monkey learned how to move its lips.
⑤ The monkey was not used to living on boats.
⑥ The monkey was Richard's constant companion.
⑦ The policeman was ready to shoot the monkey.
⑧ The women on the yacht couldn't get along with the monkey.
⑨ The writer liked teaching animals all sorts of tricks.
⑩ The writer was scared when the monkey jumped at him.

解答)1② 2② 3① 4③ 5④ 6③ 7② B ②⑥⑦⑧

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は上記長文中の語彙を以下のように網羅的にカバーしています。

□The first time I met him, everybody seemed to think that he was crazy and very dangerous. However, I was fascinated with him and gradually a new friendship was born between us. It all began on the day I visited a yacht in Newport Harbor.
□A friend of mine, Richard, owned the yacht. He and his wife had two female relatives staying with them during the summer. I wanted to drop by and say hello as Richard and I always had a good time fishing together, and I was interested in meeting the two women.
□As I approached the yacht, there was no sign of life and I guessed that everyone had gone ashore. The yacht, however, was not completely empty. I noticed a little creature sitting on the deck, looking at me with suspicion and fear.
□I then realized that something terrible had happened on the yacht before I arrived. The deck was covered with broken objects including a little house in which the creature seemed to have been kept.
□Suddenly it jumped through the air to a long, loose rope, and as it came near me, I could see that it was a monkey. He looked down at me as he swung back and forth, performing all kinds of acrobatics and gymnastics. It was really interesting to watch what he did on the swinging rope; I myself had practiced gymnastics in school, so every least thing the monkey did in his performance had a very special appeal to me. I started talking to him in a gentle voice and told him of my great interest in his tricks, and asked him to show me some more.
□Like a circus star, he walked with perfect balance on the wire between the two masts, and then took a long jump toward me. Without hesitation, I extended my hand to help him and he sat down beside me, watching every movement of my lips while I told him what a truly great artist he was. He moved onto my lap as if we had been friends for a very long time.
□Just then I heard noises behind us. Turning around, I saw a small boat coming toward us with Richard's wife and a policeman in the front. He was carrying a rifle and behind him sat two women nervously pointing at the yacht. As their boat came near the yacht, they began shouting at me, but I only half understood what they were saying. Once they were on board, the monkey became very excited and I soon understood what had happened on the yacht.
□Richard had received the monkey as a present, and they immediately became inseparable friends. Two days before, Richard had to go out of town on business and left the monkey in his wife's care. Separated from Richard, the monkey felt so lonely that he started breaking things, and when the women tried to stop him he attacked them. They fled in the small boat to get help from the police.
□After a heated discussion, I persuaded the policeman not to shoot the monkey. I promised to take care of him until Richard returned; he could decide what should be done with his ‘crazy pet.’
□We left together in my boat while the three women and the policeman stayed behind on the yacht. The monkey gradually calmed down because there were no people around to upset him. My new friend sat quietly in front of me as we approached the shore.


大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語の編集方針はキーワードを網羅的に収録して練習問題を解きながら考えて記憶することです。

 上記文中の超重要語彙fascinate, guess, notice, persuadeは以下のようなスタイルの練習問題にしています。

※まず、例文を参照しながら単語に合う英英定義を選びます。

①fascinate【fǽsənèit】(Ex:For thousands of years, humans have been *fascinated by the *planets in our *solar system.)
②guess【gés】(Ex:I *guess listening to the *boring *lecture made me tired.)
③notice【nóutis】(Ex:Have you ever *noticed the different *approaches people use to deal with problems?)
④persuade【pərswéid】(Ex:We tried to *persuade her not to *quit school, but our *efforts were in vain.)
(A)to become *aware of someone or something
(B)to try to make someone do something by giving them good reasons for doing it
(C)to attract and interest you very much
(D)to give an answer or an opinion about something without *definite knowledge about it

①fascinate:魅了する】(Ex:何千年もの間、人類は太陽系の惑星に魅了されてきた。)
②guess:推測する(Ex:退屈な講義を聴くことが私を疲れさせたと推測する。)
③notice:気づく(Ex:問題に対処するために人々が使用するさまざまなやり方に気づいたことがありますか)
④persuade:説得する(Ex:学校をやめないように彼女を説得しようとしたが、私たちの努力は無駄だった。)
(A)誰かあるいは何かに気づくこと
(B)それをする正当な理由を示すことによって誰かに何かをさせようとすること
(C)非常に引き付けて興味を引くこと
(D)確かな知識がないまま何かについての答や意見を与えること

解答)①C②D③A④B


※次に以下のような英英挟み撃ち問題に取り組みます。

①For thousands of years, humans have been fas- by the planets in our solar system.
【to attract and interest you very much】

②I gue- listening to the boring lecture made me tired.
【to give an answer or an opinion about something without definite knowledge about it】

③Have you ever not- the different approaches people use to deal with problems?
【to become aware of someone or something】

④We tried to per- her not to quit school, but our efforts were in vain.
【to try to make someone do something by giving them good reasons for doing it】

解答)①fascinated ②guess ③noticed ④persuade

上記のような大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語の問題を独力で解くには
#英検準2級
合格程度の基礎力が必要です。
しかし、無料英日ディクテーション用紙(キーワード和訳付き)で語彙を予習すれば、
#英検3級
合格程度から取り組めて
#共通テスト英語
9割程度まで到達できます。
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大学入試共通テスト英英直読単熟語に収録された英検準2級頻出語彙

2022年09月15日 | 大学入試共通テスト英英直読単熟語
 センター試験英語および共通テスト英語に登場するキーワードは、英検準2級および英検2級のキーワードとほぼ重なっています。そのため、大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語の制作に際してはセンター試験英語および共通テスト英語試行問題なみならず、英検準2級および英検2級の過去問を20年分近く徹底調査しました。
 英検の出題傾向に大きな変化はなく、キーワードを例文の中で覚えると非常に有効な英検対策になります。以下に紹介する例文は大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に掲載された英検準2級頻出語彙を含む例文の一部で、英検2級以上の語彙には和訳を付けました。*は重要度の目安です。

(1)Our company ***provides our customers with clothing at reasonable prices.

(2)When **escaping from fires, smoke and gases should be ***avoided.

(3)There are many websites dedicated専念した to matching合わせる volunteers with ***opportunities.

(4)Physical ***activity in your childhood, such as playing sports and *exercising, can greatly *benefit your health when you are older.

(5)You should know better than to ***judge by appearance外見.

(6)The story ***describes a young woman who moves to the countryside with her husband.

(7)Animals rely on the sense of smell to ***recognize their *enemies.

(8)To ***recover his strength, the **patient was made to *raise his arms above his head many times every day.

(9)Some **diseases can be ***spread only by *direct physical肉体的な contact接触.

(10)I **guess listening to the boring **lecture made me tired.

(11)A bowl of steamed rice is ***included in *typical Japanese meals.

(12)I had no *choice but to put up with我慢する the guest's rude **behavior.

(13)So far as I am concerned, I have nothing to **complain of.

(14)In an increasinglyますます connected world, many people can't ***imagine life without the Internet.

(15)Local ***rumor has it that he was secretly秘密に burried埋葬された in that church.

(16)Workers with college degrees学位 ***earn significantly大幅に more than those without.

(17)The *company wants to sell its *ability to *remove *carbon dioxide二酸化炭素 from the **atmosphere and *store貯蔵する it underground.

(18)The costs of not *conserving *biodiversity生物多様性 will be substantial大きな for present今の and future ***generations.

(19)It is mainly the *rapid ***increase of *population which ***causes the *poverty in that country.

(20)There was some ***exchange of *opinions, but the ***decision was put off延期する until next time.

(21)The *lure魅力 of *huge ***profits *drove them into a **crime which eventually最終的に led them into prison刑務所.

(22)Elevator mechanics are *responsible for ***repairing elevators when they are out of order.

(23)The best way to ***avoid air *pollution is to stay away from car *traffic.

(24)The *majority of the **regions with Mediterranean ***climates have relatively相対的に mild winters and very warm summers.

(25)All the students who are interested in studying *abroad should **attend next week's meeting.

(26)He **graduated at the top of his class with degrees学位 in architecture建築 and city planning.

(27)There are several *tax *payment *options選択肢, whether you can pay in full right away or you need more time to come up with調達する the money.

(28)Both children and adults *alike ***wonder about the *existence of *ghosts.

(29)Vinegar was an important **discovery for **ancient *civilizations which ***remains **useful even today.

(30)**Spending less time outside the home ***searching for food **reduces the risk of being killed by other animals.

(31)Bears *rarely **attack humans unless they feel *threatened脅かされた.

(32)***Expressing gratitude感謝 can make all the *difference in your *relationship.

(33)The *application応用 of scientific knowledge helps ***satisfy many *basic *human needs.

(34)Heavy ***industry is moving in the **direction of more automated machines and less manpower.

(35)Having read several magazine ***articles on the **theme, I was able to understand the *presentation発表 *perfectly.

(36)Permanent employees常勤従業員 *remain *employed until they are fired解雇される or choose to **quit.

(37)Today, the *vast *majority of ***governments around the world do not ***allow couples of the same sex to *marry.

(38)The teacher let Tim go after ***warning him not to read comics in class.

(39)Scientists believe that the Milky Way galaxy **contains *approximatelyおおよそ 100 billion stars.

(40)A *conference会議 was held to **discuss the *various *benefits of using *insects as an *alternative代替の *source of food to pigs, chickens, and cows.

(41)My aunt often ***translates ***articles *submitted to international *medical *journals.

(42)In most cases, students can *determine what closing is **acceptable to wear to school.

(43)To **criticize does not *necessarily *imply含意する "to find faultあら捜しをする".

(44)European heat wave is one of the *horrible natural ***disasters happened in the world.

(45)Someone pulling an *injured person out of a crashed car after an accident is *considered *brave.

(46)Did you *call the *dentist and make an ***appointment for the **treatment?

(47)I'm afraid I am not **prepared to take the risk of losing all my money.

(48)In my school, when a *regular teacher is **absent, another teacher teaches the class *instead.

(49)By around a million years ago human *ancestors had a *brain size not very different from ours today.

(50)I **suggested to Mary that she come with me to **collect **empty cans on the street.

(51)*Hiding cash and *valuables at home can be risky business.

(52)Strong *will意志 is the most *essential必須の *quality資質 for anyone that wants to **achieve **success.

(53)Over a hundred years ago, the Titanic *sank to the *bottom of the Atlantic Ocean in less than three hours.

(54)It has been hard to *concentrate on my studies lately because a road is being built in front of my house.

(55)It seems that there is an unspoken rule that you can't *scold another person's child.

(56)The mountains of North Carolina *boast誇る *magnificent壮麗な **views.

(57)A ***secret that you carry to the *grave墓場 is something you never tell anyone during your *entire lifetime.

(58)Men say they are willing to ***share the *burden負担 of domestic家庭内の work.

(59)Getting your biography伝記 **published **requires you to have a marketable売り物になる story.

(60)All countries that are *contributing加担する to the **destruction of rainforests should begin their own *efforts to ***protect them.

(61)We cannot *satisfy *consumer **demand without *importing *goods and services.

(62)The microscope顕微鏡 was ***developed using *principles原理 ***similar to the *telescope望遠鏡.

(63)Have you ever ***noticed the different approachesやり方 people use to deal with対処する problems?

(64) ***Weather **permitting, we ****encourage outdoor play as often as possible.

(65) To our surprise, the mayor市長 suddenly *announced her resignation辞任 in spite of her high *popularity.

(66) After he joined the travel agency, he worked hard to ***improve his English in order to carry out his **duties more ***effectively.

(67) *Eventually, the 20 primary teeth乳歯 are ***replaced by 32 permanent teeth永久歯.

(68) In ***accepting a *formal *invitation, it is important to *respond appropriately.適切に

(69) My friend Maria ***recommended a movie based on a best-selling novel, and she told me my *favorite actor was starring in it.

(70) Although I was *extremely ***familiar with the book, watching the movie *increased my appreciation理解 of the *original story.

(71) We ***delayed our ***departure on account of bad ***weather.

(72) The Nagasaki Port is a natural harbor港 that is ***surrounded by mountains on three sides.

(73) When you try on shoes, pay ***attention not only to their *length but also to their *depth深さ and *width幅.

(74) I could tell he was only **pretending to read, because his book was upside down.

(75) The ***researchers carried out a ***survey **intended to *measure the number of calories children get from *regular meals each day.

(76) Who is credited功績を認められた with ***inventing the telephone?

(77)There were two *vehicles on the road **approaching the signal.

(78)***Compared with the same *period last year, *industrial **production *rose by one percent this year.

(79)The engineer ***explained how to *operate the *sophisticated system.

(80)I am extremely fond of animals, and I can't stand我慢する anyone ***treating them with cruelty残酷さ.


 大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語はひとつの例文の中に複数のキーワードを収録しただけの単語集ではなく、以下のような例文中の単語に意味に合う英英定義を選択する練習問題に取り組みます。

①approach【əpróutʃ】(Ex:There were two *vehicles on the road *approaching the signal.)
②compare【kəmpéər】(Ex:*Compared with the same *period last year, *industrial *production *rose by one percent this year.)
③explain【ikspléin】(Ex:The engineer *explained how to *operate the *sophisticated system.)
④treat【tríːt】(Ex:I am *extremely fond of animals, and I can't *stand anyone *treating them with *cruelty.)
(A)to deal with someone or something in a *particular way
(B)to *examine how things or people are similar or different
(C)to tell someone about something in a way that helps them understand it better
(D)to come near to someone or something

①approach:近づく(Ex:信号に近づく2台の車が道路上にあった)(2010センター)
②compare:比較する(Ex:前年同期と比較して、工業生産は今年1%上昇した)(2016芝浦工大)
③explain:説明する(Ex:その技術者は洗練されたシステムの操作方法を説明した。)
④treat:扱う(Ex:私は動物が非常に好きで、残酷に扱う人には我慢できない)(2015中央大)
(A)誰かあるいは何かを特定の方法で扱うこと
(B)物や人々が、どのように似ていてあるいは異なっているか調べること
(C)誰かをどこかに急いで連れて行くこと
(D)誰かあるいは何かの近くに来ること

解答)①(D)②(B)③(C)④(A)

次に以下のような英英挟み撃ち問題に取り組みます。

①There were two vehicles on the road app------- the signal.
【to come near to someone or something】

②Com------- with the same period last year, industrial production rose by one percent this year.
【to examine how things or people are similar or different】

③The engineer exp------- how to operate the sophisticated system.
【to tell someone about something in a way that helps them understand it better】

④I am extremely fond of animals, and I can't stand anyone tre------- them with cruelty.
【to deal with someone or something in a particular way】

800の定義と800の例文からなる上記練習問題をマスターすればどれほど力がつくか想像してみてください。


大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語の問題を独力で解くには英検準2級合格程度の基礎力が必要です。
しかし、無料穴埋めディクテーション用紙で語彙を予習すれば英検3級合格程度から取り組めて
英検2級楽勝程度まで到達できます。
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キーワード和訳付きのセンター試験英語過去問(1)(1990年センター試験第5問)

2022年09月13日 | キーワード和訳つきのセンター試験英語過去問
 共通テスト英語はセンター試験英語と比較して大幅に量が増えたものの、読解力と聴解力があれば確実に点が取れる試験です。正確な読解と聴解には語彙力が不可欠で、あらかじめキーワードを覚えてしまえばいたって易しい英語試験です。そこで、
キーワード和訳つきのセンター試験の過去問をお届けします。

1990-(5)
□About fifteen hundred years ago the Japanese imported【輸入する】 many aspects of Chinese culture:the writing system, political institutions【制度】 , and perhaps most important, Buddhism. Buddhist priests were expected【期待される】 to eat only vegetables, and tôfu, made from the soybean, was a very important food in their diet. When Buddhism was introduced from China, tôfu was also brought to Japan.
□Tôfu developed in different ways in China and Japan. While the Chinese often changed the taste of tôfu by mixing it with strongly-flavored vegetables or meat, the Japanese preferred【より好む】 to eat it using only a simple sauce. Even now, traditional Japanese cooking preserves【保つ】 the original delicacy of tôfu, though the way it is served【供される】 may change from season to season. In summer, for example, it is simply served cold, while in winter it is often eaten as part of a hot dish.
□The soybean was introduced to the West in the eighteenth century, but little interest was taken in it; only scientists recognized its high food value. During the Second World War, when meat was in short supply【供給】 , the U.S. government encouraged【奨励する】 the American people to eat soybean products. However, they never became very popular and, after the war, interest in them dropped off as the supply of meat became plentiful again.
□In recent years, people in the West have become increasingly aware of the dangers of eating too much animal fat, and as a result, they have turned more and more to soybean products. This is mainly because the soybean provides【提供する】 almost the same food value as meat, and in addition is a lot more healthful. Much of the margarine, salad oil, and cooking oil in daily use is now produced from soybean oil. Tôfu, a representative soybean product and originally one of the main foods in the diet of Chinese priests, is considered to be one of the healthiest foods available to man.

問1 Tôfu came to Japan together with Buddhism, because
① Buddhist priests ate tôfu rather than vegetables.
② it was a very important food in the diet of Buddhist priests.
③ the religion【宗教】 came to Japan together with political institutions.
④ the religion was the most important aspect of Chinese culture.

問2 Japanese tôfu dishes differ from Chinese tôfu dishes in that
① the original taste of tôfu is preserved in Japanese dishes.
② they are served the same way throughout the year.
③ they have a better taste than Chinese tôfu dishes.
④ they have a greater variety than Chinese tôfu dishes.

問3 During the Second World War the United States government encouraged the American people to eat soybean products because
① Americans recognized【認識する】 their high food value.
② little interest was taken in the soybean.
③ meat was less available【利用できる】 than before.
④ they were found to taste very good.

問4 The reason people in the West have become more and more interested in tôfu and other soybean products is that
① eating too much animal fat is considered unhealthy.
② meat has become too expensive to buy.
③ these products are more readily available.
④ they have become tired of eating meat.

解答)問1②  問2①  問3③  問4①
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は上記長文中の青字の訳語だけではなく、語彙を以下のように網羅的にカバーしています。

1990-(5)
□About fifteen hundred years ago the Japanese imported many aspects of Chinese culture:the writing system, political institutions, and perhaps most important, Buddhism. Buddhist priests were expected to eat only vegetables, and tôfu, made from the soybean, was a very important food in their diet. When Buddhism was introduced from China, tôfu was also brought to Japan.
□Tôfu developed in different ways in China and Japan. While the Chinese often changed the taste of tôfu by mixing it with strongly-flavored vegetables or meat, the Japanese preferred to eat it using only a simple sauce. Even now, traditional Japanese cooking preserves the original delicacy of tôfu, though the way it is served may change from season to season. In summer, for example, it is simply served cold, while in winter it is often eaten as part of a hot dish.
□The soybean was introduced to the West in the eighteenth century, but little interest was taken in it; only scientists recognized its high food value. During the Second World War, when meat was in short supply, the U.S. government encouraged the American people to eat soybean products. However, they never became very popular and, after the war, interest in them dropped off as the supply of meat became plentiful again.
□In recent years, people in the West have become increasingly aware of the dangers of eating too much animal fat, and as a result, they have turned more and more to soybean products. This is mainly because the soybean provides almost the same food value as meat, and in addition is a lot more healthful. Much of the margarine, salad oil, and cooking oil in daily use is now produced from soybean oil. Tôfu, a representative soybean product and originally one of the main foods in the diet of Chinese priests, is considered to be one of the healthiest foods available to man.

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語
は、800の例文と大学受験生向けに新作した800の英英定義文の中に2000語以上の共通テストのキーワードになる英単語・熟語を網羅的に組み込み、四択問題と英英挟み撃ち問題からなる練習問題にしました。以下は、高校教科書レベルの基本的な単語から大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語と全く同じ形式で作成した練習問題です。

左ページ
①~④の単語に合致する(A)~(D)の英英定義を例文を参照して選んでください。

(1)
①enjoy【indʒɔ'i】(Ex:I *enjoy fishing every weekend.)(001)
②imagine【imǽdʒin】(Ex: In an *increasingly *connected world, many people can't *imagine life without the Internet.)(002)
③learn【lə'ːrn】(Ex:I *learned English from a Canadian teacher. )(003)
④join【dʒɔ'in】(Ex:When did Japan *join the United Nations?)(004)
(A)to form a picture of something in your mind
(B)to get pleasure from something
(C)to become a member of something such as a club, company, or other organization
(D)to get knowledge or skill in a particular subject or activity

(2)
①approach【əpróutʃ】(Ex: There were two *vehicles on the road *approaching the signal.) (005)
②travel【trǽvəl】(Ex: Sound *travels at different speeds, depending on the temperature of the air.)(006)
③deliver【dilívər】(Ex: Photographs will be *delivered within three business days.) (007)
④hit【hít】(Ex:She suddenly *hit me on the head.)(008)
(A)to bring your hand against someone or something quickly and hard
(B)to move closer to someone or something
(C)to go from one place to another
(D)to take something to the requested place

右ページ
(1)
①enjoy:楽しむ(Ex:私は毎週末に釣りを楽しむ)
②imagine:想像する(Ex: ますますつながっている世界で、多くの人々はインターネットなしの生活を想像することはできない)
③learn:学ぶ(Ex:私は英語をカナダ人の先生から学んだ )
④join:参加する(Ex:日本はいつ国連に加入したのだろうか)
(A)何かの絵を心に作ること
(B)何かから喜びを得ること
(C)クラブ、会社、その他の組織の会員になること
(D)特定の学科や活動で知識や技能を得ること
(1)①(B)②(A)③(D)④(C) 

(2)
①approach:近づく(Ex: 道路上には信号に近づく二台の車があった)(2010センター)
②travel:移動する(Ex: 音は、気温によって異なった速度で移動する)(2014関西学院大)
③deliver:配達する(Ex: 写真は三営業日以内に配達されます)(2012センター) (007)
④hit:たたく(Ex:彼女は突然私の頭をたたいた)(008)
(A)自分の手を誰かあるいは何かに対して素早く強く持っていくこと
(B)誰かあるいは何かに対してより近くに移動すること
(C)ひとつの場所から別な場所に行くこと
(D)何かを依頼された場所に持っていくこと
(2) ①(B)②(C)③(D)④(A)

左ページ
(3)
①wear【wéər】(Ex: He always *wears black shirt.)(009)
②sleep【slíːp】(Ex: Fred was so excited that he couldn't *sleep.)(010)
③float【flóut】(Ex: Why do boats *float and rocks *sink? )(011)
④catch【kǽtʃ】(Ex: Learning how to *catch a football is an important football skill.)(012)
(A)to stay on the surface of a liquid without sinking
(B)to rest your mind and body with your eyes closed, usually while lying down
(C) to stop and hold something that is moving, especially in the hands
(D)to have something on your body

(4)
①destroy【distrɔ'i】(Ex: *Rainforests are likely to make more money if they are not *destroyed.)(013)
②escape【iskéip】(Ex: When *escaping from fires, smoke and gases should be *avoided.)(014)
③judge【dʒʌ'dʒ】(Ex: You should know better than to *judge by *appearance.)(015)
④notice 【nóutis】(Ex: I opened the door quietly so that the teacher wouldn't *notice me.)(016)
(A)to get away from a dangerous situation
(B)to break something down *completely
(C)to become *aware of someone or something
(D)to *form an *opinion about someone or something

右ページ
(3)
①wear:身につける(Ex: 彼はいつも黒いシャツを着ている)
②sleep:眠る (Ex: フレッドはとても興奮して眠れなかった)
③float:浮く(Ex: なぜボートは浮いて岩は沈むのだろうか )
④catch:捕らえる(Ex: いかにフットボールを掴むか学ぶことは重要なフットボールの技術である。)
(A)液体の表面に沈まないでとどまること
(B)通常は横になって、目を閉じて心と体を休めること
(C) 特に手で、動いている何かを止めて掴むこと
(D)何かを身につけること
(3)①(D)②(B)③(A)④(C) 

(4)
①destroy:破壊する(Ex: 熱帯雨林は破壊されなければもっと金になりそうだ。)(2009センター)
②escape:逃れる(Ex: 火から逃れるとき、煙とガスは避けるべきだ。)(2016センター追試)
③judge:判断する(Ex: 外見で判断するような馬鹿なことをすべきではない。)(2015昭和大)
④notice:気づく(Ex: 先生が気づかないように、私はドアを静かに開けた。)
(A)危険な状況から立ち去ること
(B)何かを完全に壊すこと
(C)誰かあるいは何かに気がつくこと
(D)誰かあるいは何かについて意見を形成すること
(4)①(B)②(A)③(D)④(C)

左ページ
定義文を読んでから例文を完成してください。音読するとさらに効果的です。

(001)I enj------- fishing every weekend.
【to get pleasure from something】

(002)In an increasingly connected world, many people can't ima------- life without the Internet.
【to form a picture of something in your mind】

(003)I lea------- English from a Canadian teacher.
【to get knowledge or skill in a particular subject or activity】

(004)When did Japan joi------- the United Nations?
【to become a member of something such as a club, company, or other organization】

(005)There were two vehicles on the road app------- the signal.
【to move closer to someone or something】

(006)Sound tra------- at different speeds, depending on the temperature of the air.
【to go from one place to another】

(007)Photographs will be del------- within three business days.
【to take something to the requested place】

(008)She suddenly hi------- me on the head.
【to bring your hand against someone or something quickly and hard】


(001)enjoy(002)imagine(003)learned(004)join
(005)approaching(006)travels(007)delivered(008)hit

右ページ
(009)He always wea------- black shirt.
【to have something on your body】

(010)Fred was so excited that he couldn't sle-------.
【to rest your mind and body with your eyes closed, usually while lying down】

(011)Why do ships flo------- and rocks sink?
【to stay on the surface of a liquid without sinking】

(012)Learning how to cat------- a football is an important football skill.
【to stop and hold something that is moving, especially in the hands】

(013)Rainforests are likely to make more money if they are not des-------.
【to break something down completely】

(014)When esc------- from fires, smoke and gases should be avoided.
【to get away from a dangerous situation】

(015)You should know better than to jud------- by appearance.
【to form an opinion about someone or something】

(016)I opened the door quietly so that the teacher wouldn't not------- me.
【to become aware of someone or something】

(009)wears(010)sleep(011)float(012)catch
(013)destroyed(014)escaping(015)judge(016)notice

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は上記と同じ形式の練習問題を16語×50サイクル練習するため、語彙力、読解力、聴解力を効率的に養成できます。センター試験に比較してリーディングもリスニングも大幅に量が増えた共通テストを迎え撃つ極意は、できるだけ和訳せず英語を英語で理解することです。英英定義に親しむと英語を英語で理解する英語頭ができてくる結果、リーディングで時間が足りない、リスニングのスピードについていけないという悩みを大幅に解消できます。


左ページ
①~④の単語に合致する(A)~(D)の英英定義を例文を参照して選んでください。

(5)
①marry【mǽri】(Ex: She decided to *marry him.)(017)
②protect【prətékt】(Ex:Why should we *protect our environment? )(018)
③kick【kík】(Ex:She *kicked the door open. )(019)
④remember【rimémbər】(Ex:Do you *remember how we met?)(020)
(A)to hit someone or something with the foot
(B)to become the husband or wife of someone
(C)to keep someone or something safe from harm
(D)to have an image of someone or something in the past in your memory

(6)
①provide【prəváid】(Ex: Cows *provide us with milk.) (021)
②forget【fərgét】(Ex:I wrote down her name so I wouldn't *forget it. )(022)
③belong【bilɔ'ːŋ】(Ex: I used to *belong to the tennis club when I was a student.) (023)
④collect【kəlékt】(Ex:I didn't know you collected old coins. )(024)
(A)to be unable to remember
(B)to be a member of an organization
(C)to bring things together from different places
(D)to supply somebody with something

右ページ
(5)
①marry:結婚する(Ex: 彼女は彼と結婚すると決めた)
②protect:守る(Ex:なぜ我々は環境を守るべきなのだろうか)
③kick:蹴る(Ex:彼女はドアを蹴って開けた)
④remember:覚えている(Ex:あなたは私たちがどのように出会ったか覚えていますか)
(A)誰かあるいは何かを足で叩くこと
(B)誰かの夫あるいは妻になること
(C)誰かあるいは何かを害から安全に保つこと
(D)過去における誰かあるいは何かの画像を記憶の中に持つこと

(5)①(B)②(C)③(A)④(D)

(6)
①provide:提供する(Ex: 牛は私たちに牛乳を提供する)
②forget:忘れる(Ex:私は忘れないように彼女の名を書きとめた)
③belong:所属する(Ex: 私は学生の頃テニスクラブに所属していたものだ)
④collect:集める(Ex:君が古銭を集めていたとは知らなかった)
(A)思い出すことができないこと
(B)組織のメンバーであること
(C)異なる場所から物を集めること
(D)誰かに何かを供給すること

(6)①(D)②(A)③(B)④(C)

左ページ
(7)
①cancel【kǽnsəl】(Ex:How do I cancel my order? )(025)
②introduce【ìntrədjúːs】(Ex:She *introduced her daughter to me. )(026)
③exchange【ikstʃéindʒ】(Ex:Do you know how to *exchange business cards in Japan?)(027)
④lend【lénd】(Ex:Would you *lend me your dictionary?)(028)
(A)to say that an event that was planned will not now happen
(B)to give something and receive something else in return
(C)to allow someone to use something for a short time
(D)to bring one person to another person so that they can meet

(8)
①elect【ilékt】(Ex: Lincoln was the first member of the Republican Party elected to the presidency. )(029)
②invite【invɑ'it】(Ex: Thank you for *inviting me to your birthday party.)(030)
③sell【sél】(Ex:What is the quickest way to *sell a car?)(031)
④wait【wéit】(Ex:I'm sorry to have kept you *waiting.)(032)
(A)to stay in a particular place until someone arrives
(B)to give something in exchange for money
(C) to ask someone to come to an event
(D)to choose someone by voting

右ページ
(7)
①cancel:取り消す(Ex:どうすれば注文を取り消せるだろうか)
②introduce:紹介する(Ex:彼女は娘を私に紹介した)
③exchange:交換する(Ex:日本ではどのように名刺を交換するのかわかりますか)
④lend:貸す(Ex:辞書を貸していただけませんか)
(A)計画された出来事が起きないと言うこと
(B)誰かに何かを与えてその代わりに何かを受け取ること
(C)誰かが何かを短い間使うことを許すこと
(D)出会うことができるように一人の人を別な人の所に連れて行くこと

(7)①(A)②(D)③(B)④(C)

(8)
①elect:選出する(Ex: リンカーンは共和党で初めて大統領に選ばれた)
②invite:(Ex: 誕生パーティに招待いただき有り難うございます)
③sell:売る(Ex:クルマを売るのに一番手っ取り早い方法は何だろうか)
④wait:待つ(Ex:お待たせして申し訳ないです)
(A)誰かが来るまで特定の場にとどまること
(B)金と引き替えに何かを与えること
(C) 誰かに行事にくるよう頼むこと
(D)投票によって誰かを選ぶこと

(8)①(D)②(C) ③(B)④(A)

左ページ
定義文を読んでから例文を完成してください。音読するとさらに効果的です。

(017)She decided to mar------- him.【to become the husband or wife of someone】

(018)Why should we pro------- our environment? 【to keep someone or something safe from harm】

(019)She kic------- the door open. 【to hit someone or something with the foot】

(020)Do you rem------- how we met?
【to have an image of someone or something in the past in your memory】

(021)Cows pro------- us with milk.【to supply somebody with something】

(022)I wrote down her name so I wouldn't for------- it. 【to be unable to remember】

(023)I used to bel------- to the tennis club when I was a student.
【to be a member of an organization】

(024)I didn't know you col------- old coins. 【to bring things together from different places】

(017)marry(018)protect (019)kicked(020)remember
(021)provide(022)forget it(023)belong(024)collected

右ページ
(025)How do I can------ my order? 【to say that an event that was planned will not now happen】

(026)She int------ her daughter to me. 【to bring one person to another person so that they can meet】

(027)Do you know how to exc------ business cards in Japan?
【to give something and receive something else in return】

(028)Would you len------  me your dictionary?【to allow someone to use something for a short time】

(029)Lincoln was the first member of the Republican Party ele------ to the presidency.
【to choose someone by voting】

(030)Thank you for inv------ me to your birthday party.【to ask someone to come to an event】

(031)What is the quickest way to sel------ a car?【to give something in exchange for money】

(032)I'm sorry to have kept you wai------ .【to stay in a particular place until someone arrives】

(025)cancel(026)introduced(027)exchange(028)lend
(029)elected(030)inviting(031)sell (032)waiting


(9)
①discussion【diskʌ'ʃən】(We should avoid *discussion of religion and politics at the dinner table.)(033)
②background【bǽkgrɑùnd】(Ex:People from different *background gather in workplaces. )(034)
③advice【ædváis】(Ex: Her *advice is always helpful to me. )(035)
④elevator【éləvèitər】(Ex: In the event of fire, don't use the *elevator. )(036)
(A)an opinion that someone gives others about what they should do
(B)the type of career, training, or education that shapes somebody's life
(C)the process of talking about something important
(D)a machine that carries people and goods up and down in a building

(10)
①fashion【fǽʃən】(Ex:It is very expensive to keep up with the latest *fashions.)037)
②economy【ikɑ'nəmi】(Ex:Why is trade so important to Japan's *economy?)(038)
③gesture【dʒéstʃər】(Ex:Hand *gestures can mean very different things in different cultures.)(039)
④dream【dríːm】(Ex:What does it mean when you see fire in your *dream?)(040)
(A)the system by which a place's money and goods are made and used
(B)a series of events or images that happen in your mind when you are asleep
(C)the fact that something is popular at a particular time
(D)a movement of your body that communicates a feeling or instruction

右ページ
(9)
①discussion:議論(われわれはディナーの席上で宗教と政治の議論は避けるべきだ。)
②background:背景(Ex:異なる背景の人々が職場に集まる。)
③advice:助言(Ex: 彼女の助言はいつも私の助けになる。)
④elevator:エレベーター(Ex: 火事に際して、エレベーターを使ってはいけない。)
(A)何をすべきかについて誰かが他者に与える意見
(B)誰かの人生を形作る経歴、訓練、あるいは教育の種類
(C)何か重要なことについて話す過程
(D)人々あるいは品物をビルの上や下に運ぶ機械
①(C)②(B)③(A)④(D)

(10)
①fashion:流行(Ex:最新の流行についていくにはとても金がかかる。)
②economy:経済(Ex:なぜ貿易は日本の経済にそれほど重要なのだろうか。)
③gesture:身ぶり(Ex:手のジェスチュアは文化によってとても違ったことを意味する。)
④dream:夢(Ex:夢に火を見るのは何を意味するのだろう。)
(A)ある地域の金や品物が作られ使われるあり方
(B)眠っている間に心の中で起きる一連の出来事や画像
(C)ある特定の時期に何かが人気があるという事実
(D)感情あるいは支持を伝える体の動き
①(C)②(A)③(D)④(B)

左ページ
(11)
①imagination【imæ`dʒənéiʃən】(Ex:How does reading help children's *imagination?)(041)
②hobby【hɑ'bi】(Ex:My *hobby is taking pictures of wild animals.)(042)
③noise【nɔ'iz】(Ex:There was so much *noise in the classroom that Hisako could not make herself heard.)(2012センター)(043)
④means【míːnz】(Ex:The bus is the common *means of public transportation.)(044)
(A)an activity that someone does for pleasure in their free time
(B)the ability to create pictures or ideas in your mind
(C)a loud or unpleasant sound
(D)a way of doing or achieving something

(12)
①salary【sǽləri】(Ex:He was earning a large *salary when he retired.)(045)
②talent【tǽlənt】(Ex:He has a great *talent for music.)046)
③penalty【pénəlti】(Ex:There are severe *penalties in Japan for drinking and driving. )(047)
④rival【ráivəl】(Ex: Two *rivals have different policies on several key issues.)(048)
(A)a punishment for breaking a rule
(B)a person or thing that competes with another
(C)the money that a person receives each month or year from their job
(D)a natural skill or ability to do something well

右ページ
(11)
①imagination:想像力(Ex:いかに読書は子どもの想像力を助けるのだろうか。)
②hobby:趣味(Ex:私の趣味は野生動物の写真を撮ることだ。)
③noise:騒音(Ex:教室の騒音がひどくてヒサコは自分の声を届けられなかった。)
④means:手段(Ex:バスは公共交通の一般的な手段だ。)
(A)誰かが自由時間に楽しみで行う活動
(B)心の中に画像や考えを作り出す能力
(C)大きなあるいは不快な音
(D)何かを行ったり達成したりするやり方
①(B)②(A)③(C)④(D)

(12)
①salary:給料(Ex:彼は退職時に多額の給料を稼いでいた。)
②talent:才能(Ex:彼は大した音楽の才能がある。)
③penalty:罰則(Ex:日本では飲酒運転にきびしい罰則がある。)
④rival【ráivəl】(Ex: ふたりのライバルは重要問題に異なる方針を持っている。)
(A)ルールを破ったことに対する罰
(B)互いに競う人や物
(C)人が毎月あるいは毎年仕事から受け取る金
(D)何かをうまく行うためのもって生まれた能力
①(C)②(D)③(A)④(B)

左ページ
定義文を参考に例文を完成してください。定義文→例文の順で音読すると一層効果的です。

(033)We should avoid dis------- of religion and politics at the dinner table.
【the process of talking about something important】

(034)People from different bac------- gather in workplaces.
【the type of career, training, or education that shapes somebody's life】

(035) Her adv------- is always helpful to me.
【an opinion that someone gives others about what they should do】

(036)In the event of fire, don't use the ele------- .
【a machine that carries people and goods up and down in a building】

(037)It is very expensive to keep up with the latest fas-------
【the fact that something is popular at a particular time】

(038)Why is trade so important to Japan's eco------- ?
【the system by which a place's money and goods are made and used】

(039)Hand ges------- can mean very different things in different cultures.
【a movement of your body that communicates a feeling or instruction】

(040)What does it mean when you see fire in your dre------- ?
【a series of events or images that happen in your mind when you are asleep】

(033)discussion(034)background(035)advice(036)elevator
(037)fashions(038)economy(039)gestures(040)dream

右ページ
(041)How does reading help children's ima------- ?
【the ability to create pictures or ideas in your mind】

(042)My hob------- is taking pictures of wild animals.
【an activity that someone does for pleasure in their free time】

(043)There was so much noi------- in the classroom that Hisako could not make herself heard.
【a loud or unpleasant sound】

(044)The bus is the common mea------- of public transportation.
【a way of doing or achieving something】

(045)He was earning a large sal------- when he retired.
【the money that a person receives each month or year from their job】

(046)He has a great tal------- for music.
【a natural skill or ability to do something well】

(047)There are severe pen------- in Japan for drinking and driving.
【a punishment for breaking a rule】

(048)Two riv------- have different policies on several key issues.
【a person or thing that competes with another】

(041)imagination(042)hobby(043)noise(044)means
(045)salary(046)talent(047)penalties(048)rivals



高校生のための英英辞典入門(65)~(128)に続く。
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英英ヒント付きのセンター試験長文過去問(9)(1992年センター試験追試第5問)

2022年06月19日 | 英英ヒント付きのセンター試験長文過去問
 共通テスト英語はセンター試験英語と比較して大幅に量が増えたものの、読解力と聴解力があれば確実に点が取れる試験です。正確な読解には語彙力が不可欠で、英英定義で語彙を強化すると読解力と聴解力を一緒に鍛えることが可能です。さらに英語を英語のまま理解できるようになる結果共通テスト英語で時間が足りない悩みを大幅に解消できます。そこで、
キーワード英英ヒントつきのセンター試験の過去問をお届けします。

 青字の英英定義はすべて大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録されたものです。

 高校生が英英辞典に親しみ大学受験期には英英辞典を自由自在に使いこなすようになれば、日本人の英語力は劇的に改善されます。

1992-追試(5)
□Get on a train and it is likely that several people around you will be wearing earphones. There they are in the same space, but not talking or paying attention【the act of carefully thinking about, listening to, or watching someone or something】 to one another. Though listening to a personal tape player this way has some virtue【a morally good way of behaving】 in that you don't usually disturb others, it allows【to make it possible for someone to do something】 almost no human contact. You are alone with your machine.
□A similar【sharing some features but are not exactly the same】 situation occurs with many video games. A person concentrating【to give all your attention to what you are doing】 on destroying spaceships, avoiding attackers, or shooting enemies needs no companion. True, some games do enable players to take turns, and then people might talk to each other, but in many cases the player is involved only with the machine and its program.
□In what ways are young people affected by instruments like these? Are they becoming less able to make contact with the surrounding world? This question is becoming increasingly important with the spread of personal computers. Computer technology is becoming more and more widely used in areas like communications【the process of exchanging information or ideas】, education, and banking. In one way or another, many people now spend a great deal of time in front of a computer screen. The fact that television frequently limits communication within families is already well known; these new developments will further lead people to live within themselves and not reach out to other people.
□At this moment in history, science seems likely to alter our society as never before. At the same time, the power of technology has become enormous【extremely large in size or in amount】 . Perhaps technology itself is creating individuals who are only concerned with their own interests. Will they be satisfied simply to watch events passively, without becoming involved in social decisions which may change their own life? Machines should not be allowed to ruin【to destroy or severely harm something】 our sense of social responsibility. Whether we admit it or not, we are all here together, and share a common fate【the things that happen to someone or something, especially in a way that cannot be prevented or changed】.

問1 The advantage【something that helps you to be more successful】 of using earphone on a train is that
① you can enjoy music without being disturbed
② you can have closer contact with your machine
③ you don't have contact with other people
④ you seldom bother people around you

問2 Some video games are criticized because
① they are likely to make players enjoy violence
② they discourage【to cause someone to lose enthusiasm to do something】 players from communicating with others
③ they require players to take turns and talk to each other
④ they require two or more players to take part

問3 The increasing use of personal computers
① is causing people to lose contact with their surroundings
② is creating in people a stronger desire to communicate with others
③ is greatly strengthening【to make something stronger】 human relationships
④ is helping establish closer ties among family members

問4 The author is worried about the current situation because
① technological developments may weaken people's sense of social duty
② the progress of science will greatly change our society
③ too many people will become involved in social decision-making
④ young people are losing their interest in developing new technology

解答)1④ 2② 3① 4①

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は上記長文中の語彙を以下のように網羅的にカバーしています。

□1992追試-(5)
□Get on a train and it is likely that several people around you will be wearing earphones. There they are in the same space, but not talking or paying attention to one another. Though listening to a personal tape player this way has some virtue in that you don't usually disturb others, it allows almost no human contact. You are alone with your machine.
□A similar situation occurs with many video games. A person concentrating on destroying spaceships, avoiding attackers, or shooting enemies needs no companion. True, some games do enable players to take turns, and then people might talk to each other, but in many cases the player is involved only with the machine and its program.
□In what ways are young people affected by instruments like these? Are they becoming less able to make contact with the surrounding world? This question is becoming increasingly important with the spread of personal computers. Computer technology is becoming more and more widely used in areas like communications, education, and banking. In one way or another, many people now spend a great deal of time in front of a computer screen. The fact that television frequently limits communication within families is already well known; these new developments will further lead people to live within themselves and not reach out to other people.
□At this moment in history, science seems likely to alter our society as never before. At the same time, the power of technology has become enormous. Perhaps technology itself is creating individuals who are only concerned with their own interests. Will they be satisfied simply to watch events passively, without becoming involved in social decisions which may change their own life? Machines should not be allowed to ruin our sense of social responsibility. Whether we admit it or not, we are all here together, and share a common fate.

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は、800の例文と大学受験生向けに新作した800の英英定義文の中に2000語以上の共通テストのキーワードになる英単語・熟語を網羅的に組み込み、以下のような四択問題200問と英英挟み撃ち問題800問からなる練習問題にしました。

まずは、以下のような英英定義選択問題200問に取り組みます。
①trade【tréid】(Ex:Japan does a lot of *trade with China.)
②view【vjúː】(Ex:This hotel offers a great *view of Mt Fuji.)
③courage【kə'ːridʒ】(Ex:I admire your *courage.)
④pastime【pǽstàim】(Ex: What's your favorite *pastime?)
(A)something you can see from a particular place
(B)the activity of buying and selling goods, usually between countries
(C)the quality to do something dangerous or difficult without showing fear
(D)something that you do for pleasure in your free time

和訳と解答は以下のようになります。
①trade【貿易】(Ex:日本は中国とたくさんの貿易をする)
②view【眺め】(Ex:このホテルは富士山の素晴らしい眺めを提供する)
③courage【勇気】(Ex:私はあなたの勇気を称賛する)
④pastime【娯楽】(Ex: あなたのお気に入りの娯楽は何ですか)
(A)人が特定の場所から見ることができるもの
(B)通常は国々の間で商品を売買する活動
(C)恐怖を示すことなく危険あるいは難しいことをする資質
(D)自由時間に楽しみのためにすること
解答)①B②A③C④D

次に以下のような英英挟み撃ち問題800問に取り組みます。

①Japan does a lot of tra------- with China.
【the activity of buying and selling goods, usually between countries】

②This hotel offers a great vie------- of Mt Fuji.
【something you can see from a particular place】

③I admire your cou------- .
【the quality to do something dangerous or difficult without showing fear】

④What's your favorite pas------- ?
【something that you do for pleasure in your free time】

解答)①trade ②view ③courage ④pastime

 予備校の授業で採用したところ、共通テスト試行 調査問題の正解率が5割以下だった受験生が半年弱で8~9割正解できるまでの 成果が出ています。
以下は、大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語のアマゾン書評です。


★★★★★ 共通テスト準備の定番に
 たぶん、このシリーズは受験書では弱小のかんき出版が社運をかけて仕掛けている。
 もちろん、受験生は人生をかけて準備をすすめているので、会社の事情なんて全く関係ない。しかし、社運をかけずに旧態依然としてタイトルだけを「改訂」しているような単語集・問題集が所せましと平積みされているなかで、
 この本はカリスマオヤジ講師の説教抜きで英英辞典の権威LDCEそしてOALDを参照して新作も提供してくれている。センター過去問もある。読みたいなら、ここで読めばいい。ありがたい日本語の説教よりも、まともな英語の文を一文でも正しく理解して読み続けるのが、読解の基礎力をつくるのだから。
 親は子供の教師になるのは難しい。
ということで、昨年度は進学校で底辺を走り続けながらセンター試験8割弱であった娘が、今年は芸大美大受験の2次対策を重視して直前までほぼノー勉だったのを、Z会の予想問題集とこれだけで、映像もなにも講義をうけずに何とか共通テストで8割弱をキープできた。
 やり方はいろいろとあるはずだが、家の減価償却しきってるコピー機で見開き一頁を印刷し、左側の問題だけを1日何枚か決めて解いてもらった。知らない単語があってはならないレベルにおさえてあるので、知らない単語を見つけたら線を引いてあとからチェックできるようにした。
 この方法で、日本語を介さずに英英読解できるようにした。少しずつイメージをつないで読んでいる気になった、という。ただ、本番で読み切るところまではいかなかった。途中にある、記入式のまとめ問題をとばしたからだろう。

※著者より補足)
「途中にある、記入式のまとめ問題」とは英英直読単熟語(http://is.gd/zghsf0)に収録された以下の英英挟み撃ち問題で、800問マスターすれば共通テスト英語で9割以上を狙えます。


(796)White House Press Secretary described the phenomenon of people buying guns after shooting attacks as a“tragic iro------ .”
【a situation that is strange, funny, or sad because things happen in the opposite way to what you would expect】

解答)irony
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英英ヒント付きのセンター試験長文過去問(8)(1992年センター試験第6問)

2022年06月12日 | 英英ヒント付きのセンター試験長文過去問
 共通テスト英語はセンター試験英語と比較して大幅に量が増えたものの、読解力と聴解力があれば確実に点が取れる試験です。正確な読解には語彙力が不可欠で、英英定義で語彙を強化すると読解力と聴解力を一緒に鍛えることが可能です。さらに英語を英語のまま理解できるようになる結果共通テスト英語で時間が足りない悩みを大幅に解消できます。そこで、
キーワード英英ヒントつきのセンター試験の過去問をお届けします。

 青字の英英定義はすべて大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録されたものです。

 高校生が英英辞典に親しみ大学受験期には英英辞典を自由自在に使いこなすようになれば、日本人の英語力は劇的に改善されます。

1992-(6)
□My fifteen-year-old son has just returned from abroad with a dozen rolls of exposed film and several hundred dollars in unused traveler's checks. His blue bag lies on the hall floor where he dropped in, about four short steps into the house. Last night he slept in Paris, and the twenty nights before that in various beds in England and Scotland, but evidently he postponed【to arrange for something to take place at a later time】 as much sleep as he could; after he walked in and said hello and how much he'd missed home, his electrical system suddenly switched off, and he headed half-unconscious for his bed, where I imagine he may break his old record of sixteen hours.
□I don't think I'll sleep for a while. This household has been in a state of excitement over the trip since weeks before it began, when we said, “In one month, you'll be in London! Imagine!” It was his first trip overseas, so we bought him travel books and a cassette tape of useful French phrases, made a list of people to visit, and advised him on clothing and other things. At the department store where we went to buy him a suitcase, he looked at a few and headed for the bags and knapsacks. He said that suitcases were for old people. I am only in my forties, though, and I pointed out that a suitcase keeps your things — a jacket, for example — neat and tidy. He said he wasn't taking a jacket. The voice of my mother spoke through me. “Don't you want to look nice?” I said, but he just turned away.
□During his trip, he called home three times: from London, from Paris, and from a town named Ullapool in Scotland. “It's like no place in America, Dad,” he reported excitedly. He hiked through flocks of Scottish sheep and climbed a mountain in a heavy rainstorm. In a village near Ullapool, a man spoke to him in the unfamiliar local language, and, too polite【having good manners and respect for the feelings of others】 to interrupt, my son listened to him for ten or fifteen minutes, trying to nod in the right places. The French he learned from the cassette was of little use in Paris; the people he spoke to shook【to move something quickly】 their heads and walked on.
□I myself have never been outside the United States, except twice to Canada. When I was eighteen, a friend and I made a list of experiences we intended to have before we reached twenty-one, which included hitchhiking to the West Coast, learning to play the guitar, and going to Europe. I've done none of them. When my son phoned, I sat down and leaned forward, eager【wanting to do something very much】 to catch every word. I have never listened on the telephone so intently and with so much pleasure as I did those three times. It was wonderful and moving to hear news from him. To me, he was the first man to land on the moon; I knew that I had no advice to give him and that what I had already given was probably not much help. The money that he'd left on the hall table — almost half the amount I sent him off with — is certainly evidence【the facts or objects which cause you to believe that something exists or is true】 of that.
□Youth travels light. No suitcase, no jacket, not much language, and not much money spent — and yet he went where he wanted to go, did what he wanted to do, and came back safely. I sit here amazed. The night when your child returns with dust on his shoes from a country you've never seen is a night that you wish would last for a week.
(注) exposed film: 撮影済みのフィルム.
traveler's check: 旅行者用小切手.

問1 What did the son do after exchanging greetings with his father?
① He dropped to the floor, half-unconscious.
② He slept for sixteen hours without waking.
③ He talked about his trip far into the night.
④ He went to his room and fell fast asleep.

問2 Why was the family so excited about the son's trip long before it began?
① Because he was the first in his family to travel outside the United States.
② Because he would be going overseas for the first time.
③ Because the family considered him much too young to travel by himself.
④ Because they couldn't believe he was to be the first to land on the moon.

問3 Why did the father advise his son to get a suitcase?
① Because he believed carrying a suitcase would make his son look older.
② Because he considered a suitcase to be better for carrying clothes.
③ Because he thought his son would look nice carrying one.
④ Because the boy's mother wanted him to have one.

問4 How well did the son communicate when speaking with the local people during his trip?
① He experienced difficulties in Scotland and Paris.
② He had no difficulties, thanks to the language tape he took with him.
③ He had no trouble in Scotland, but he couldn't communicate in Paris.
④ He managed to communicate in the local language in Ullapool.

問5 What does “youth travels light” in the last paragraph mean?
① Young people don't need much when they make a trip.
② Young people don't take a lot of money when traveling.
③ Young people like to wear light-colored clothes when they travel.
④ Young people prefer traveling in the daytime when it is light.

問6 What was it that amazed the father?
① The ease with which his young son was able to travel successfully.
② The evidence that the advice he had given was a great help during his son's trip.
③ The fact that his son only spent half the money which he had been given.
④ The story his son brought back about his trip.

B 次の①~⑩のうちから本文の内容と合っているものを4つ選び,その番号を答えよ.
ただし,解答の順序は問わない.
① The son switched off the electric light in the hall.
② The father was over fifty when his son went on the trip.
③ When the father said to his son, “Don't you want to look nice?”, he was remembering
what his own mother used to say.
④ The son made a telephone call to his father from London.
⑤ When a man in a Scottish village spoke to him, the boy was too polite to say he couldn't understand him.
⑥ The father had never been out of his own country.
⑦ The father learned how to play the guitar when he was his son's age.
⑧ The father listened intently to his son on the phone because he himself had wanted to
have a similar kind of experience when young.
⑨ Since the father had been to Europe himself when he was young, his son's stories didn't
impress him very much.
⑩ The father had no advice to give his son on the phone because he had given him enough
before the trip.

解答)A 1④ 2② 3② 4① 5① 6① B ③④⑤⑧

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は上記長文中の語彙を以下のように網羅的にカバーしています。
□My fifteen-year-old son has just returned from abroad with a dozen rolls of exposed film and several hundred dollars in unused traveler's checks. His blue bag lies on the hall floor where he dropped in, about four short steps into the house. Last night he slept in Paris, and the twenty nights before that in various beds in England and Scotland, but evidently he postponed as much sleep as he could; after he walked in and said hello and how much he'd missed home, his electrical system suddenly switched off, and he headed half-unconscious for his bed, where I imagine he may break his old record of sixteen hours.
□I don't think I'll sleep for a while. This household has been in a state of excitement over the trip since weeks before it began, when we said, “In one month, you'll be in London! Imagine!” It was his first trip overseas, so we bought him travel books and a cassette tape of useful French phrases, made a list of people to visit, and advised him on clothing and other things. At the department store where we went to buy him a suitcase, he looked at a few and headed for the bags and knapsacks. He said that suitcases were for old people. I am only in my forties, though, and I pointed out that a suitcase keeps your things — a jacket, for example — neat and tidy. He said he wasn't taking a jacket. The voice of my mother spoke through me. “Don't you want to look nice?” I said, but he just turned away.
□During his trip, he called home three times: from London, from Paris, and from a town named Ullapool in Scotland. “It's like no place in America, Dad,” he reported excitedly. He hiked through flocks of Scottish sheep and climbed a mountain in a heavy rainstorm. In a village near Ullapool, a man spoke to him in the unfamiliar local language, and, too polite to interrupt, my son listened to him for ten or fifteen minutes, trying to nod in the right places. The French he learned from the cassette was of little use in Paris; the people he spoke to shook their heads and walked on.
□I myself have never been outside the United States, except twice to Canada. When I was eighteen, a friend and I made a list of experiences we intended to have before we reached twenty-one, which included hitchhiking to the West Coast, learning to play the guitar, and going to Europe. I've done none of them. When my son phoned, I sat down and leaned forward, eager to catch every word. I have never listened on the telephone so intently and with so much pleasure as I did those three times. It was wonderful and moving to hear news from him. To me, he was the first man to land on the moon; I knew that I had no advice to give him and that what I had already given was probably not much help. The money that he'd left on the hall table — almost half the amount I sent him off with — is certainly evidence of that.
□Youth travels light. No suitcase, no jacket, not much language, and not much money spent — and yet he went where he wanted to go, did what he wanted to do, and came back safely. I sit here amazed. The night when your child returns with dust on his shoes from a country you've never seen is a night that you wish would last for a week.

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は、800の例文と大学受験生向けに新作した800の英英定義文の中に2000語以上の共通テストのキーワードになる英単語・熟語を網羅的に組み込み、以下のような四択問題200問と英英挟み撃ち問題800問からなる練習問題にしました。

①suggest【səgdʒést 】(Ex:I *suggest you get some rest.)
②force【fɔ'ːrs】(Ex:She *forced me to sing a song.)
③celebrate【séləbrèit】(Ex:Wedding *anniversaries are *celebrated in many different ways.)
④regard【rigɑ'ːrd】(Ex:We *regard Edison as a great inventor.)
(A)to make someone do something they do not want to do
(B)to tell your ideas for other people to *consider
(C)to think about someone or something in a *particular way
(D)to do something special or enjoyable to show that an *occasion or event is important

解答)①B②A③D④C
①suggest【提案する 】(Ex:私はあなたに休むよう提案する)
②force【強いる】(Ex:彼女は私に歌を歌うよう強いた)
③celebrate【祝う】(Ex:結婚記念日は様々なあり方で祝われる)
④regard【みなす】(Ex:われわれはエジソンを偉大な発明家とみなしている)
(A)誰かにしたくないことをさせること
(B)他の人々が考慮するよう自分の考えを言うこと
(C)誰かあるいは何かを特定のあり方で考えること
(D)機会や出来事が重要であることを示すために何か特別なあるいは楽しいことをすること

①I sug------- you get some rest.
【to tell your ideas for other people to consider】

②She for------- me to sing a song.
【to make someone do something they do not want to do】

③Wedding anniversaries are cel------- in many different ways.
【to do something special or enjoyable to show that an occasion or event is important】

④We reg------- Edison as a great inventor.
【to think about someone or something in a particular way】

解答)①suggest ②forced ③celebrated ④regard

 予備校の授業で採用したところ、共通テスト試行 調査問題の正解率が5割以下だった受験生が半年弱で8~9割正解できるまでの 成果が出ています。
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に準拠した共通テストキーワード800語を定義→単語→例文の順で英語字幕を見ながら書き取る穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙は無料提供しています。
 毎日20~30分×50日で、A4表裏50枚の穴埋めを完成させて
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語の問題を解くと英語力は飛躍的に向上します。

 以下は英語字幕を表示できる無料画像と穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙のサンプルです。穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙をプリントアウトしてスマホでQRコードをなぞると画像が表示され、数秒で消える英語字幕を速読する訓練を通して読解力も養成できます。


 ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(241)~(256)

(241)to (       ) in doing something=(     )

To (      ) your dream, you need to take a little (     ).

(242)to be used (      ) of something=(       )

(         ), the 20 primary teeth are (         ) by 32 (      ) teeth.

(243)to (      ) in a particular way in order to (       ) other people=(      )

I could (     ) he was only (       ) to read, because his book was upside down.

(244)to angrily (      ) someone who has done something wrong=(      )

It seems that there is an unspoken rule that you can't (     ) another person's child.

(245)to make a short (       ) sound=(         )

It was quiet night, and the only sound to be heard was a dog (        ) in the (         ).

(246)to make a (         )(         ) for something
such as a job, admission to a school, a loan, etc.=(      )

You can (       ) for this scholarship
on the (          ) that you have a letter of (           ) from your teacher.

(247)to think or say that someone or something is (          ) for something bad=(        )

The (          ) was (         ) for not carrying out his campaign promises.

(248)to be (   )(     )(      ) used because the (      ) of time during which it could be used
has (     )to an end=(        )

I have to (     ) my commuter pass (       ) because it (      ) tomorrow.

(249)a piece of writing about a particular (      )
that is (      ) in a newspaper or magazine=(        )

My aunt often (        )(        )(     )to international medical journals.

(250)an object or a piece of (      ) that has been (      ) for a particular purpose=(      )

First-time smartphone buyers may be surprised their new (   )doesn't come with (      ).

(251)something that (     ) a change or a (         ) in a human, an animal or a plant=(         )

There is a decrease in (         ) to a (         ) after being repeatedly (          ) to it.

(252)a feeling that someone or something is important=(      )

People in big cities (      ) talk to strangers (     )(   )(      )for the privacy of others.

(253)the land along the (    ) of a sea, lake, or wide river=(      )

Why are waves always parallel to the (       ) on (         ) the seashore?

(254)the ability to make good (       ) and (        )using your knowledge and experience=(      )

I (      ) the (      ) I have made in English to the (      ) of my aunt.

(255)a large area of dry land that is usually (      ) with sand=(      )

The smooth (      ) of the (      ) makes it possible for camels to (        ) goods easily.

(256)the feeling of (          ) that you have when you have done something wrong or (      )
=(         )

There's no (       ) in (        )(     ) for professional help.

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(257)~(272)

(257)causing pain and (      ) to people or animals (   )(      )=(       )

It is (      ) to (    ) animals for sport.

(258)not covered by clothes=(      )

Gloves are a great (          ) for (         )(     ) hand contact,
but they can be (           ).

(259)far away from large cities=(       )

When you travel to rural Japan, the (       ) of population (        ) become (         ).

(260)having the ability to think, understand, and learn things quickly and well=(        )

Human skulls (        )(        ) around three times
as large as those of even the most (          ) apes.

(261)to keep something in good condition=(          )

Before refrigerators became (      ), vinegar was vitally important in (         ) food in the form of pickles.

(262)to stop working because of old age=(       )

Employees are (        ) to (        ) at the age of sixty in our company.

(263)to say that something is not (            )=(       )

So far as I am (      ), I have nothing to (        ) about.

(264)to (        ) to live in spite of difficult (        )=(        )
 
Human beings have (      ) so far but could now be (      ) their future.

(265)to say hello to someone or to (      ) them=(      )

Manners of (      )(     ) from country to country.

(266)to change something (     ) to make it work better=(       )

(      )(       ) all the steps to (      ) the brightness of my computer screen is a real nuisance.

(267)to start an (        ) or company in such a way that it is likely to (       ) for a long time
=(        )

Japan (        ) greatly toward (        ) the International Year of the Volunteer.

(268)to (        ) that you have done something wrong or (        )=(       )

When the police questioned him, he broke down and (        ).

(269)a thin paper (      ) used for sending letters=(         )

Postcards are usually (      ) without an (          ).

(270)the (      ) of money that you (     )for the work that you do=(      )

In Japan, the (      )(      ) (      ) on the (      ) and the (     ).

(271)a large area of rock with a very (      ) side=(      )

Mr. Brown looked over the (     ) and found he was standing at the edge of a (        ) drop.

(272)the (        )and (         ) movement of goods, people, or information from one place to another=(        )

Europe has long been a popular (         ) in global (        )(    ).

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(273)~(288)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(289)~(304)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(305)~(320)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(321)~(336)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(337)~(352)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(353)~(368)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(369)~(384)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(385)~(400)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(401)~(416)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(417)~(432)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(433)~(448)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(449)~(464)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(465)~(480)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(481)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(512)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(513)~(528)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(529)~(544)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(545)~(560)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(561)~(576)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(577)~(592)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(593)~(608)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(609)~(624)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(625)~(640)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(641)~(656)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(657)~(672)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(673)~(688)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(689)~(704)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(705)~(720)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(721)~(736)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(737)~(752)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(753)~(768)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(769)~(784)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(785)~(800)
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英英ヒント付きのセンター試験長文過去問(7)(1992年センター試験第5問)

2022年06月09日 | 英英ヒント付きのセンター試験長文過去問
 共通テスト英語はセンター試験英語と比較して大幅に量が増えたものの、読解力と聴解力があれば確実に点が取れる試験です。正確な読解には語彙力が不可欠で、英英定義で語彙を強化すると読解力と聴解力を一緒に鍛えることが可能です。さらに英語を英語のまま理解できるようになる結果共通テスト英語で時間が足りない悩みを大幅に解消できます。そこで、
キーワード英英ヒントつきのセンター試験の過去問をお届けします。

青字の英英定義はすべて大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録されたものです。

 高校生が英英辞典に親しみ大学受験期には英英辞典を自由自在に使いこなすようになれば、日本人の英語力は劇的に改善されます。

□Nowadays people spend more time away from their jobs than ever before. Technological developments have steadily shortened working hours for a large part of the population, and the fact that people are living longer has also increased the amount of time spent in non-work settings. As a result, a large number of people have had to adjust to more leisure 【time when you can relax and do things you enjoy without working or studying】 than they had expected, and this new-found leisure has created difficulties.
□Historically, the emphasis has been on work, and current attitudes still reflect the impact【the effect that something has on someone or something】of this earlier way of thinking. Even today, many people still believe that leisure should be used chiefly to restore one's energy and strength for more and better work. Leisure, therefore, has been viewed as a means【a method for doing something】 to an end.
□Along with greater production【the process of making or growing something for sale in large quantities】 efficiency and higher standards of living, there is a new idea in which leisure is viewed as more than simply a restorative for work. Leisure is now regarded by an increasing number of people as an important part of contemporary【happening or belonging to the present time】 life. They think that the use of leisure time should be a satisfying experience in and of itself.
□Attitudes【the opinions and feelings that you have about something, especially when this shows in the way you behave】 toward both leisure and work are changing. Increasing mechanization of work has meant that more people are now looking beyond their jobs for satisfying life experiences. This has led to some change in emphasis from job-centered activities to leisure and home-centered activities, especially among the younger generation. However, because the new idea has not entirely replaced【to be used instead of something】 the traditional one, many people face the problem of what role leisure should play in their lives. Some feel guilty about additional hours of free time and seek more work to avoid leisure hours, while others eagerly pursue leisure activities that resemble【to be similar to something】 work. As working hours are shortened, a more meaningful balance has to be found between work and play.
(注) restore [rist¦®r] v. 回復する.restórative a.n. 回復させる;回復剤.

問1 Due to the leisure brought about by technology, many people
① are puzzled【to confuse someone because they do not understand something】 by what to do with their working hours
② are unable to obtain satisfaction from their work
③ have difficulty in adjusting to an increase in population
④ have the problem of adapting to a new way of life

問2 In the past, leisure was considered to be
① a way to improve one's work
② an essential part of daily life
③ as important as work itself
④ more important than work

問3 Many people are now uneasy about increased leisure because
① their leisure activities are becoming more and more like work
② there is not enough time for them to pursue leisure activities and also do their work
③ they are not quite free from the influence of the traditional idea about leisure
④ they might be required to do more work at home

問4 The main point the writer wishes to make is that
① people need to learn how to deal with an increasing amount of leisure
② people want still more free time than they have at present
③ technological developments have permitted people to work less than in the past
④ the new idea of leisure is better than the historical one

解答)1④ 2① 3③ 4①

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は上記長文中の語彙を以下のように網羅的にカバーしています。

□Nowadays people spend more time away from their jobs than ever before. Technological developments have steadily shortened working hours for a large part of the population, and the fact that people are living longer has also increased the amount of time spent in non-work settings. As a result, a large number of people have had to adjust to more leisure than they had expected, and this new-found leisure has created difficulties.
□Historically, the emphasis has been on work, and current attitudes still reflect the impact of this earlier way of thinking. Even today, many people still believe that leisure should be used chiefly to restore one's energy and strength for more and better work. Leisure, therefore, has been viewed as a means to an end.
□Along with greater production efficiency and higher standards of living, there is a new idea in which leisure is viewed as more than simply a restorative for work. Leisure is now regarded by an increasing number of people as an important part of contemporary life. They think that the use of leisure time should be a satisfying experience in and of itself.
Attitudes toward both leisure and work are changing. Increasing mechanization of work has meant that more people are now looking beyond their jobs for satisfying life experiences. This has led to some change in emphasis from job-centered activities to leisure and home-centered activities, especially among the younger generation. However, because the new idea has not entirely replaced the traditional one, many people face the problem of what role leisure should play in their lives. Some feel guilty about additional hours of free time and seek more work to avoid leisure hours, while others eagerly pursue leisure activities that resemble work. As working hours are shortened, a more meaningful balance has to be found between work and play.

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は、800の例文と大学受験生向けに新作した800の英英定義文の中に2000語以上の共通テストのキーワードになる英単語・熟語を網羅的に組み込み、以下のような四択問題200問と英英挟み撃ち問題800問からなる練習問題にしました。

①spread【spréd】(Ex: *Rumors *spread quickly in social networks.)
②reserve【rizə'ːrv】(Ex:I'd like to *reserve a table for four at six.)
③guess【gés】(Ex:I *guess listening to the *boring *lecture made me tired.)
④realize【ríːəlàiz】(Ex:I didn't *realize you were *serious.)
(A)to know or understand a particular fact or situation
(B)to keep something for you so that you will be able to use it at a later time
(C)to give an answer or an opinion about something without definite knowledge about it
(D)to gradually reach or affect a larger area or more people

解答)①D②B③C④A

【例文の和訳】
①spread【広がる】(Ex:ソーシャルネットワークで噂は急速に広がる)
②reserve【予約する】(Ex:六時に四人の席を予約したい)
③guess【推測する】(Ex:退屈な講義を聴くことが私を退屈させたと推測する)
④realize【理解する】(Ex:君が本気だったと私は理解していなかった)
【定義文の和訳】
(A)特定の事実や状況を知るまたは理解すること
(B)あとで使えるように何かを取っておくこと
(C)確かな知識がないまま何かについての答や意見を与えること
(D)徐々に、より広い地域またはより多くの人々に到達したり影響を与えること

①Rumors spr------- quickly in social networks.
【to gradually reach or affect a larger area or more people】

②I'd like to res------- a table for four at six.
【to keep something for you so that you will be able to use it at a later time】

③I gue------- listening to the boring lecture made me tired.
【to give an answer or an opinion about something without definite knowledge about it】

④I didn't rea------- you were serious.
【to know or understand a particular fact or situation】

解答)①spread ②reserve ③guess ④realize

  予備校の授業で採用したところ、共通テスト試行 調査問題の正解率が5割以下だった受験生が半年弱で8~9割正解できるまでの 成果が出ています。
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に準拠した共通テストキーワード800語を定義→単語→例文の順で英語字幕を見ながら書き取る穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙は無料提供しています。
 毎日20~30分×50日で、A4表裏50枚の穴埋めを完成させて
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語で意味を確認すると英語力は飛躍的に向上します。

 以下は英語字幕を表示できる無料画像と穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙のサンプルです。穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙をプリントアウトしてスマホでQRコードをなぞると画像が表示され、数秒で消える英語字幕を速読する訓練を通して読解力も養成できます。青字サンプルのようにディクテーションすることでより確実に語彙が定着します。


ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(273)~(288)

(273)the line in the (distance) where the sky (seems) to ( meet) the earth or the sea=(horizon)

Why does the Sun (appear) larger on the (horizon) than overhead?

(274)the study and (      ) of designing buildings=(          )

He graduated at the top of his class with (        ) in (         ) and city planning.

(275)the (       ) rise and fall in the level of the sea on the (       )=(       )

Understanding (      )and currents will help you stay safe if you like to go swimming in the sea.

(276)a great success, (      ) or victory=(          )

Let me (        ) you (   ) your (       )(        ) in the tournament.

(277)(    ) only on facts and not (       ) by feelings or opinions=(         )

Do you think (          ) journalism (      )?

(278)(     )damaged or broken=(      )

Ecosystems must (         ) a (        ) balance in order to stay vital.

(279)to a foreign country=(       )

Bill had to (       ) his family (       )when he went (       )to work.

(280)having little importance or (      )=(       )

There are so many reasons why people fight (      )(        ) things.

(281)to stop something (        )=(         )

The game on the main court was (        ) by a brief shower.

(282)to (      )(     ) radio or television programmes=(         )

The (        ) will be (         ) (      ) on ABC.

(283)to (      ) information about someone or something on an (         ) list=(        )

All vehicles, new and used, must be (         ) before (         ) them.

(284)to (      )(       ) to form something=(        )

A water (         ) is (        ) of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.

(285)to mix food or (         ) using a spoon or something (        )=(      )

She (        ) the (        ) until it got to the boiling point.

(286)to (    )(      ) something=(        )

Most of the English words (         ) from Latin and Greek roots.

(287)to take air into your lungs and (     ) it (    ) again=(         )

Certain individuals, whether children or adults, have a (        ) to (      ) through the mouth instead of the nose.

(288)to (      )(      ) the (       ) of water=(     )

Over a hundred years ago, the Titanic (       ) to the (         ) of the Atlantic Ocean in less than three hours.

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(289)~(304)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(305)~(320)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(321)~(336)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(337)~(352)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(353)~(368)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(369)~(384)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(385)~(400)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(401)~(416)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(417)~(432)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(433)~(448)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(449)~(464)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(465)~(480)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(481)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(512)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(513)~(528)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(529)~(544)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(545)~(560)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(561)~(576)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(577)~(592)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(593)~(608)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(609)~(624)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(625)~(640)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(641)~(656)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(657)~(672)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(673)~(688)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(689)~(704)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(705)~(720)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(721)~(736)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(737)~(752)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(753)~(768)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(769)~(784)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(785)~(800)
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英英ヒント付きのセンター試験長文過去問(6)(1991年センター試験追試第5問)

2022年06月05日 | 英英ヒント付きのセンター試験長文過去問
 共通テスト英語はセンター試験英語と比較して大幅に量が増えたものの、読解力と聴解力があれば確実に点が取れる試験です。正確な読解には語彙力が不可欠で、英英定義で語彙を強化すると読解力と聴解力を一緒に鍛えることが可能です。さらに英語を英語のまま理解できるようになる結果共通テスト英語で時間が足りない悩みを大幅に解消できます。そこで、
キーワード英英ヒントつきのセンター試験の過去問をお届けします。

青字の英英定義はすべて大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に収録されたものです。

1991年追試-(5)
□□Do animals play? Certainly, many animals, especially the young, engage【to take part in a particular activity】 in behavior that seems like play. But why do they play? This question is difficult to answer, even for experts【someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about something】 . For one thing, there are considerable difficulties involved in observing animals at play when they are not in natural surroundings. Monkeys, for example, play a lot in the wild, but in cages it is hard to make them play when you want them to. You have to sit patiently, waiting for the right moments. And even when you do see them playing, it is still difficult to say why they are doing so.
□Scientists have noticed【to become aware of someone or something】 that when two monkeys are ‘play-fighting,’ they take turns winning. One will be on top, and it will look as if he is winning. Then suddenly he will give the other a chance to take control of the action. It is believed that this kind of play helps monkeys learn to take different roles when they are older. Like humans, animals sometimes need to take charge, and sometimes follow. Monkeys seem to learn this lesson by playing.
□Another likely purpose of play is to let animals learn how to get along with others of their own age. It has been found that while baby rats kept with their brothers and sisters engage in a lot of rough play, those raised alone with their mothers play just a little. However, when rats which have only been with their mothers are put with other young rats, they play a lot more than those brought up in a large family. It seems that they make up for lost time.
□Though much remains to be discovered about animal play, studies like these do seem to indicate【to show that something exists】 that animals learn some very basic skills by taking part in play-like activities.

問1 It is difficult to study monkeys at play in cages because .
① it is hard to tell whether they are playing or not
② they don't always play when scientists want them to
③ they play for such a long time that observers have to sit patiently
④ they prefer playing with humans to playing with other monkeys

問2 Through play-fighting, monkeys seem to learn that .
① it is very important to win the fight once it has started
② there are different social roles to perform within their group
③ they always have to attack 【to use violence to hurt or damage someone or something】other monkeys stronger than themselves
④ they can control the actions of others by winning the fight

問3 Rats that live with their brothers and sisters during their early days .
① hurt each other a lot through their rough play
② quickly learn to be independent【not depending on other people for help or money】 of their mothers
③ spend a lot of time playing roughly with them
④ still want to play with their mothers

問4 By they make up for lost time, the author means that the rats .
① come to enjoy their life without friends to play with
② decide to play even more with their mothers
③ learn to get along with other rats in a very short time
④ succeed in forgetting their earlier lonely days

解答)1② 2② 3③ 4③

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は上記長文中の語彙を以下のように網羅的にカバーしています。
□1991追試-(5)
□Do animals play? Certainly, many animals, especially the young, engage in behavior that seems like play. But why do they play? This question is difficult to answer, even for experts. For one thing, there are considerable difficulties involved in observing animals at play when they are not in natural surroundings. Monkeys, for example, play a lot in the wild, but in cages it is hard to make them play when you want them to. You have to sit patiently, waiting for the right moments. And even when you do see them playing, it is still difficult to say why they are doing so.
□Scientists have noticed that when two monkeys are ‘play-fighting,’ they take turns winning. One will be on top, and it will look as if he is winning. Then suddenly he will give the other a chance to take control of the action. It is believed that this kind of play helps monkeys learn to take different roles when they are older. Like humans, animals sometimes need to take charge, and sometimes follow. Monkeys seem to learn this lesson by playing.
□Another likely purpose of play is to let animals learn how to get along with others of their own age. It has been found that while baby rats kept with their brothers and sisters engage in a lot of rough play, those raised alone with their mothers play just a little. However, when rats which have only been with their mothers are put with other young rats, they play a lot more than those brought up in a large family. It seems that they make up for lost time.
□Though much remains to be discovered about animal play, studies like these do seem to indicate that animals learn some very basic skills by taking part in play-like activities.

大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語は、800の例文と大学受験生向けに新作した800の英英定義文の中に2000語以上の共通テストのキーワードになる英単語・熟語を網羅的に組み込み、以下のような四択問題200問と英英挟み撃ち問題800問からなる練習問題にしました。

①suggest【səgdʒést 】(Ex:I *suggest you get some rest.)
②force【fɔ'ːrs】(Ex:She *forced me to sing a song.)
③celebrate【séləbrèit】(Ex:Wedding *anniversaries are *celebrated in many different ways.)
④regard【rigɑ'ːrd】(Ex:We *regard Edison as a great inventor.)
(A)to make someone do something they do not want to do
(B)to tell your ideas for other people to *consider
(C)to think about someone or something in a *particular way
(D)to do something special or enjoyable to show that an *occasion or event is important

解答)①B②A③D④C
①suggest【提案する 】(Ex:私はあなたに休むよう提案する)
②force【強いる】(Ex:彼女は私に歌を歌うよう強いた)
③celebrate【祝う】(Ex:結婚記念日は様々なあり方で祝われる)
④regard【みなす】(Ex:われわれはエジソンを偉大な発明家とみなしている)
(A)誰かにしたくないことをさせること
(B)他の人々が考慮するよう自分の考えを言うこと
(C)誰かあるいは何かを特定のあり方で考えること
(D)機会や出来事が重要であることを示すために何か特別なあるいは楽しいことをすること

①I sug------- you get some rest.
【to tell your ideas for other people to consider】

②She for------- me to sing a song.
【to make someone do something they do not want to do】

③Wedding anniversaries are cel------- in many different ways.
【to do something special or enjoyable to show that an occasion or event is important】

④We reg------- Edison as a great inventor.
【to think about someone or something in a particular way】

解答)①suggest ②forced ③celebrated ④regard

 予備校の授業で採用したところ、共通テスト試行 調査問題の正解率が5割以下だった受験生が半年弱で8~9割正解できるまでの 成果が出ています。
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語に準拠した共通テストキーワード800語を定義→単語→例文の順で英語字幕を見ながら書き取る穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙は無料提供中で、以下に示したサンプルのようにキーワードの和訳がついているため英検3級合格程度から取り組めます。
 毎日20~30分×50日で、A4表裏50枚の穴埋めを完成させて
大学入学共通テスト 時間内で解ける力がつく英英直読英単語・熟語の問題を解くと英語力は飛躍的に向上します。

 以下は英語字幕を表示できる無料画像と穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙のサンプルです。穴埋め式ディクテーション用紙をプリントアウトしてスマホでQRコードをなぞると画像が表示され、数秒で消える英語字幕を速読する訓練を通して読解力も養成できます。


ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(353)~(368)

(353)a large (      )公式の(     ) where a lot of people
(      )議論する a particular (      )=(         )会議
A *(          ) was held to discuss the (      )さまざまな(        )利点    of using insects as an (          )代替の(       )源 of food to pigs, chickens, and cows.

(354)a (      )(     ) in which the (        )温度 of your body is higher than (        )正常の=(      )熱
My grandmother always said you should sweat to (      )下げる the *(      ) when you have the flu.

(355)a (     ) who has been (     ) to act
or speak (   )(     )( )…を代表して a group=(        )代表
The *(          ) made a plan (    ) the school festival, and the other students carried it out.

(356)an (       )公式の(     )行動 that is carried out to (       )達成する a particular purpose=(          )手段
To (      )改善する business performance,
the company decided to (        )訴える to drastic *(         ).

(357) (    ) something or (    ) somewhere at (      )正確に the time that has been (        )手配された=(        )時間に正確な
Trains in Japan are (          )信じられないほど*(        ).

(358) (    ) or (           )失望した because something unpleasant has happened
=(      )落ち込んだ
Bruce was (         )ひどく*(    ) when his girlfriend left him, but he soon (    )(     )立ち直る it.

(359) (        )注目すべき=(         )傑出した
The story was *(            ),
but his acting was (        )(    )…にはほど遠い(          )素晴らしい.

(360) (     ) a large (         )距離 between (        ) 反対のsides
=(     )厚い
*(      ) eyeglasses sometimes make you feel like the (       ) of the world is ( ) your nose.

(361)to be (     )(    ) each other=(       )異なる
Some people are (     ) to consider their own way of life as being the (     )正常な one and to (    )(    )( )見下す life-styles that *(       ) from it.

(362)to (     ) to (       )離れる your job=(     )やめる
Permanent employees (      )とどまる(      ) until they are (     )解雇される or choose to *(     ).

(363)to (   ) to (       )発見する all the facts about something such as a crime, accident, or scientific problem=(           )調査する
Not (   ) one percent of the (       )種 in today's rainforests have been *(          ) by researchers.

(364)to (     ) someone (     )(        )不安な about someone or something
=(      )心配させる
It never (      )(   ) me that my actions had *(      ) my parents.

(365)to (      ) and (       )調べる something carefully
over a (       )期間 of time=(      )監視する
Watching TV programs can be good for the education of children if it is carefully *(       ).

(366)to (     ) the (     ) of something (      ) by using examples
=(         )例示する
This picture *(        ) a method
of (            )防御(          )利用される by many animals.

(367)to (       )拒否する( )(     )受け入れる something such as a (        )提案,
a (         )要求, or an offer=(        )拒絶する
Although he had a lot of experience in teaching, John's (        )応募 for the position of full-time professor was *(         ).

(368)to (       )許す a child to (   ) everything that they (    ) =(    )甘やかす
Is it child (      )児童虐待 for parents to *(     ) their children too much?

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(369)~(384)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(385)~(400)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(401)~(416)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(417)~(432)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(433)~(448)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(449)~(464)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(465)~(480)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(481)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(496)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(497)~(512)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(513)~(528)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(529)~(544)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(545)~(560)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(561)~(576)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(577)~(592)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(593)~(608)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(609)~(624)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(625)~(640)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(641)~(656)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(657)~(672)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(673)~(688)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(689)~(704)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(705)~(720)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(721)~(736)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(737)~(752)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(753)~(768)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(769)~(784)

ー視聴するだけでみるみる語彙力が伸びるー大学入学共通テスト 英英直読英単語・熟語(785)~(800)
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