イングランドの各地でで行われたのは「民俗フットボール」と呼ばれる競技で、告解火曜日を中心にイングランドの農民、徒弟、職人らによって行われた。告解火曜日とは２月から３月にかけての移動祝祭日であり、キリスト教徒はこの日に懺悔をすることが求められ、また翌日 (灰の水曜日) から始まる断食期間を前にしたお祭りの要素の強い日だ。その中で民族フットボールは催しとして行われた。
Scoring the Hales (Alnwick, Northumberland)
Royal Shrovetide Football (Ashbourne, Derbyshire)
The Shrovetide Ball Game (Atherstone, Warwickshire)
The Shrove Tuesday Football Ceremony of the Purbeck Marblers (Corfe Castle, Dorset)
Hurling the Silver Ball (St Columb Major in Cornwall)
The Ball Game (Sedgefield, County Durham)
さて、この室内4×800mリレーの日本記録がなぜ破られないかというと、行われていないからである。世界室内陸上競技選手権大会の種目にもないし、日本室内陸上競技大阪大会 (大阪城ホール) でも行われていない。
しかし海外では小規模なな大会で行われることがあるようで、2018年2月にアメリカ・ボストンで行われたBoston University Last Chance Meetで、Hoka One One NJ*NY Track Clubの4名 (Joseph Mcasey、Kyle Merber、Chris Giesting、Jesse Garn) が7:11.30 の世界記録を樹立した。
If you stuck around to watch the final race of the 2018 Boston University Last Chance Meet — and chances are, you did not, because the place was almost deserted — you were lucky enough to witness a very exciting men’s 4×800 relay in which three teams broke the existing world record.
In a tight race, it was Hoka One One NJ*NY Track Club that emerged victorious, clocking 7:11.30 to break the four-year-old record of 7:13.11, set across town at the Reggie Lewis Center. The record-setting team consisted of, in running order, Joe McAsey (1:49.03), Kyle Merber (1:47.11), Chris Giesting (1:47.43), and Jesse Garn (1:47.33). Atlanta Track Club (Brandon Hazouri, Patrick Peterson, Edward Kemboi, and Brandon Lasater) and District Track Club (Blair Henderson, Strymar Livingston, Edose Ibadin, and Matthew Centrowitz) finished second and third in the three-team race in 7:11.84 and 7:12.25, respectively.
Was baseball held in any way as a part of sporting events at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition? Some record books, occasionally mention that baseball was held as an "exhibition" sport during the 1904 Olympic Games. Probably some baseball games were conducted during the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition on which Director James Sullivan hung the label "Olympic". However, the evidence for even this in the newspapers is scant at best.
In the St. Louis Post-Dispatch on 18 May, it was mentioned that Washington University and Indiana University were to play at 3:00 P.M. on Francis Field to commence the Olympic Inter-collegiate Baseball championship. This is the only mention I can find of that tournament. It was likely, in analogy to American Football, that some of the regularly scheduled college baseball games for St. Louis universities were held at Francis Field. But there is no further mention of this tournament at all. And on 18 May, colleges had to be getting near the end of their spring semesters.
On 3 June, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch described another event, the Olympic Amateur Baseball tournament. In was mentioned that 12 teams had already entered, the entries closed the next day, and that the teams would play a series of six games each to decide the champion ship. Again, these is nothing further in the papers. This is especially troubling when one considers that the Post-Dispatch sports pages contained a small column entitled "Amateur Baseball" giving the results and summaries of the games involving amateur baseball clubs in the St. Louis area. The Olympic Amateur Baseball tournament never finds its way into that column.
Thus, these seems to be minimal evidence that any amateur baseball games were considered to be part of "Olympics" even by authorities in charge of that year. Perhaps a few games were played as exhibitions at the fair, but nothing more.
Baseball had its first appearance at the 1912 Summer Olympics as an exhibition sport. A game was played between the United States, the nation where the game was developed, and Sweden, the host nation. The game was held on Monday, 15 July 1912 and started at 10 a.m. on the Ostermalm Athletic Grounds in Stockholm.
The Americans were represented by various members of the American Olympic track and field athletics delegation, while the Swedish team was the Vesterås Baseball Club, which had been formed in 1910 as the first baseball club in Sweden. Four of the Americans played for Sweden, as the Swedish pitchers and catchers were inexperienced. One Swede eventually relieved Adams and Nelson, the American pitchers.
Six innings were played, with the Americans not batting in the sixth and allowing the Swedes to have six outs in their half of the inning.
注：AB 打席数 H ヒット 2B 二塁打 3B 三塁打 SB 盗塁 R 得点 E エラー
George Bonhag 3000m団体金メダル ファースト ２打数ノーヒット
Fred Kelly 110mハードル金メダル センター ３打数１安打
Benjamin Adams 立ち高跳び銀メダル、立ち幅跳び銅メダル スウェーデンチームピッチャー ３打数１安打
Richard Byrd 円盤投げ銀メダル ピッチャー ０打数０安打
Abel Kiviat 1500m銀メダル ショート ４打数２安打 (三塁打１、盗塁１)
Ira Davenport 800m銅メダル キャッチャー ３打数２安打
George Horine 走高跳銅メダル レフト １打数０安打
Lawrence Whitney 砲丸投げ銅メダル ライト １打数０安打
そして、2024年はパリ北部にあるスタッド・ド・フランス (Stade de France) がメインスタジアムとなる予定だ。1998年ワールドカップの主会場として建設され、サッカーでは2000年と2006年のUEFAチャンピオンズリーグの決勝戦や、UEFA Euro 2016も開催された。2007年にはラグビーワールドカップ決勝戦の会場ともなっている。
Known as “The Greatest Stadium in the World”, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, a living memorial to all who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War I, has been a civic treasure for generations of Angelenos. The legacy of events and individuals hosted in nine-plus-decades reads like no other: the only venue to host two Summer Olympics (Xth Olympiad in 1932, XXIIIrd Olympiad in 1984) and soon a third (XXXIVth Olympiad in 2028); home to college football’s USC Trojans since 1923 and the UCLA Bruins (1928-1981); professional football’s Los Angeles Rams (1946-1979 and 2016-2019), Raiders (1982-1994) and Chargers (1960); hosting three NFL Championships and two Super Bowls; home to the Los Angeles Dodgers (1958-1960) and the 1959 World Series; appearances by U.S. Presidents Franklin D Roosevelt, Dwight Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon, and Ronald Reagan; and international dignitaries such as Martin Luther King, Jr., Cesar Chavez, Pope John Paul II, the Dalai Lama, and Nelson Mandela. From Mick Jagger to the Harlem Globetrotters, the Grateful Dead to Billy Graham, Evel Knievel to Pele, the Memorial Coliseum, named a National and California Historic Landmark in 1984, has been the stage for the unbelievable, the unforgettable, the iconic, and the best in human endeavor and achievement.
On March 29, 2008, the LA Dodgers and the Boston Red Sox set a Guinness World Record for the largest attendance ever at a baseball game with a crowd of 115,300. Other historic events include Billy Graham’s appearance in 1963 in front of 134,254 (still an all-time Coliseum record), Nelson Mandela’s 1990 triumphant return to the United States, the first ever Papal Mass by Pope John Paul II in 1987, and the 1976 Bicentennial Spectacular.
The Coliseum has hosted decades of memorable concerts including a “who’s-who” listing of some of rock-n-roll’s greatest artists: The Rolling Stones, Pink Floyd, Bruce Springsteen, U2, Metallica, The Who, The Grateful Dead, Van Halen, Prince, and more!
As the Coliseum nears closer to its centennial in 2023, we look forward to seeing what the next 100 years has in store for us here at “The Greatest Stadium in the World”!
野球場としては、左翼 (約76.7 m) から左中間 (約97.5 m) が極端に狭くなるなど、さすがに無理があった。
スポーツ競技だけでなく、コンサート、演説など社会・生活に密着したスタジアムが３回目の夏期オリンピックを迎えることは人類にとって意義深いことだ。まさに “The Greatest Stadium in the World” という称号にふさわしい。
1953-1956年の4年間に77戦73勝の記録を残した。その中にはプエルトリコの三冠競走（Copa Gobernador、Clásico José de Diego、Clásico Primavera）も含まれ、デビューから56連勝というキンチェムの記録を破る大記録を打ち立てている。プエルトリコ競馬のレベルは世界的には高くなく、カマレロの生涯獲得賞金も43,552.95ドル程度であるが、ポニーのように小さな馬体でここまで走ったのは特筆される。
2012 spot-fixing case
On 14 May 2012, an Indian news channel India TV aired a sting operation which accused 5 players involved in spot fixing. Reacting to the news, Indian Premier League president Rajiv Shukla immediately suspended the 5 uncapped players. The five players were, TP Sudhindra (Deccan Chargers), Mohnish Mishra (Pune Warriors), Amit Yadav, Shalabh Srivastava (Kings XI Punjab) and Abhinav Bali, Delhi cricketer. However, the report went on to claim that none of the famous cricketers were found guilty. On the reliability of the report, Rajat Sharma, the editor-in-chief of news channel India TV quoted that the channel had no doubts about the authenticity of the sting operation and prepared to go to court.
Mohnish Mishra who was part of Pune Warriors India team for the season, admitted to have said that franchises pay black money, in a sting operation. Mishra was caught on tape saying that franchisees paid them black money and that he had received ₹15 million (US$230,000) from the later, among which ₹12 million (US$190,000) was black money. He was also suspended from his team.
2013 spot-fixing and betting case
On 16 May 2013, 3 players of Rajasthan Royals were arrested by Delhi Police on charges of spot fixing. The three players were Sreesanth, Ankeet Chavan & Ajit Chandila . All three Players were suspended by BCCI until the inquiry in case is completed by the police. Fresh details emerged later.
On 24 May 2013, Gurunath Meiyappan, a top official of the Chennai Super Kings franchise and son-in-law of BCCI president N. Srinivasan was arrested in Mumbai by Mumbai Crime Branch in connection with illegal betting.
On 25 March 2014 Supreme Court of India told N. Srinivasan to step down from his position on his own as BCCI president in order to ensure a fair investigation, else it would pass verdict asking him to step down.
When he returned to Germany after his defeat by Joe Louis, Schmeling was now shunned by the Nazis. He won both the German and European heavyweight championships on the same night, with a first-round knockout of Adolf Heuser.
During the Nazi purge of Jews from Berlin, he personally saved the lives of two Jewish children by hiding them in his apartment. It was not the first time that Schmeling defied the Nazi regime's hatred for Jews. As the story goes, Hitler let it be known through the Reich Ministry of Sports that he was very displeased at Schmeling's relationship with Joe Jacobs, his Jewish fight promoter, and wanted it terminated, but Schmeling refused to bow even to Hitler. During the war, Schmeling was forcibly drafted, where he served with the Luftwaffe and was trained as an elite paratrooper. He participated in the Battle of Crete in May 1941, where he was wounded in his right knee by mortar fire shrapnel during the first day of the battle. After recovering, he was dismissed from active service after being deemed medically unfit for duty because of his injury.
Nevertheless, in July 1944 a rumor that he had been killed in action made world news. He later visited American P.O.W. camps in Germany and occasionally tried to help conditions for the prisoners.
代理戦争となったルイス戦の敗戦について、シュメリングは約40年後の1975年に、"Looking back, I'm almost happy I lost that fight. Just imagine if I would have come back to Germany with a victory. I had nothing to do with the Nazis, but they would have given me a medal. After the war I might have been considered a war criminal."と述べたそうだ。 なるほど、歴史の評価というのはその時点ではわからないものだ。
1939年、発展貢献者としてアメリカ野球殿堂（Baseball Hall of fame）入りを果たした。