パソコン心電計とその接続パソコン

メディカルテクニカが輸入販売する最先端医療機器の国内販売店募集

第四回12誘導心電図伝送を考える会

2016-10-07 22:23:02 | 救命救急


心筋梗塞再潅流時間短縮をめざす循環器救急体制の構築へ向けて

2015-02-01 11:35:52 | 救命救急

お知らせ:テーマ:心筋梗塞再潅流時間短縮をめざす循環器救急体制の構築へ向けてー12誘導心電図伝送の効用について

第79回日本循環器学会学術集会:2015年4月24日(金)18:20から19:50

グランドフロント大阪タワーC 8階(大阪市北区大深町4-1)

共済セミナー特設会場2

座長 野々木宏(静岡県立総合病院)

藤田英雄(自治医科大付属さいたま医療センター)

協賛;株式会社メハーゲン


スマホは、医療診断の第一の手段になります

2014-05-08 14:26:51 | 救命救急

A number of devices now exist that turn smartphones into medical monitors, but they tend to focus on specific vital signs and you’d have to carry a number of separate components to measure a variety of parameters. A new iPhone case called Wello from Azoi Inc. is planned to be released later this year combines a one lead ECG, thermometer, pulse oximeter, and supposedly even a cuffless blood pressure sensor in one device. It will also come with an optional spirometer for measuring airway flows and volumes.

Though other components are available in existing devices, cuffless blood pressure measurement is not trivial and has never been demonstrated to be as accurate as traditional cuffed BP monitors. And since FDA clearance is still required to release the Wello in the U.S., it will be interesting to see just how accurate it really is. Coincidentally, the Scanadu Scout, a device with similar claims, including cuffless blood pressure monitoring, is set to be shipped this month to all those who invested in it through an Indiegogo crowdfunding campaign.


スマホが救命救急の第一の必需品となります

2014-05-08 14:24:53 | 救命救急

Rectangle Home2_EN

Mobile Assistance Systems: “The device automatically notifies if something isn’t right”

02/05/2014

 

Dr. Michael Scholles; © private

Staying active and mobile when you are old – who doesn’t want that? People suffering from dementia can often only dream about that. The fear of not finding your way back home or not getting any help in an emergency severally restricts many affected people in the way they live their lives. Yet there are many people, who could still actively and independently participate in life despite mild dementia.

The Fraunhofer IPMS in Dresden has now developed a mobile assistance system that is meant to make this possible. MEDICA.de spoke with Dr. Michael Scholles, Head of Business Development and Strategy at the Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems.


MEDICA.de: Dr. Scholles, the Fraunhofer IPMS participated in developing a mobile assistance system that a person wears on the wrist like a watch. What can this device do that a cell phone is not able to do for instance?

Michael Scholles: In theory, all the functions of our assistance system can also be integrated into a Smartphone. However, we want to address those groups of people, who no longer have the cognitive abilities to use a Smartphone. This can be people with mild dementia for example, who still want to be mobile and can be despite their illness.

MEDICA.de: How does the assistance system support a person’s mobility?

Scholles: Our mobility system is equipped to help in an emergency, for instance by making a distress call to an emergency call center or by informing a designated caregiver that the wearer of the device needs assistance. The entries into the device don’t have to be made by the wearer, but can be done online by the nursing service, a physician or family members. Close relatives, but also nursing staff can serve as caregivers. The respective cell phone number is entered into the assistance system via a web portal. The wearer then only has to push a button on the display and the caregiver is informed.

MEDICA.de: Keyword emergency: what happens when the user is no longer able to push the emergency button on the touchscreen?

Scholles: This is why we integrated an additional fall detection sensor into the device. In these cases, the device automatically signals – after a predetermined time – that something isn’t right or the device automatically makes an emergency call.

 

 

 

The mobile assistance system can be worn like a watch; © Fraunhofer IPMS

MEDICA.de: What did you particularly pay attention to during the development?

Scholles: In our studies, we first verified what the technical execution would need to look like, so the device can be used by the target group based on its functionality. You need to consider that aside from cognitive limitations, visual impairment or problems with hand-eye coordination also play a role. When we design the display for instance, this was something that we needed to consider. The assistance system also serves as a kind of "alarm clock". You have the option of creating a list of drugs that can be readout by nursing staff on site and that reminds them when the patient is scheduled to take his/her medication.

MEDICA.de: During the project, did you also consider whether the recording of biological functions that can be important to the attending physician for instance should be included?

Scholles: This is technically definitely possible, but it is not scheduled for this project. Until the end of the project by approximately the middle of this year, our focus is on completing the software and improving the design, since we only presented a prototype so far.

MEDICA.de: You introduced the device at the 2013 MEDICA. What was the feedback?

Scholles: Feedback was positive throughout. We received many comments stating that such an assistance system makes a lot of sense.

 

 

 


mobile personal emergency response system

2014-04-10 22:30:19 | 救命救急

 

AT&T has launched a mobile personal emergency response system called EverThere that works with the company’s nationwide cellular network. The EverThere system consists of a portable device weighing 1.7 oz. that has a call button to notify a care center when the user falls or has an emergency situation. The device provides hands-free voice communication with the care center that can in turn respond with appropriate help. It has an internal accelerometer to automatically determine when the user has a fall and is able to place a call even if the wearer may not be able to.

The device provides 24×7 monitoring with a care center that is able to dispatch an ambulance or call a loved one. The EverThere system makes use of GPS and allows the care center to instantly determine the user’s location. The portable system, which was designed by a Seattle based company called Numera, makes use of internal gyroscopes and magnetometers, along with the accelerometer, to help learn the user’s daily routine. The device then sets the threshold to differentiate between the user’s normal motion and abrupt motions like falls. It can be worn either on a lanyard or on a belt using a supplied clip. The lithium ion battery inside promises to last up to 36 hours on a single charge.


ケアテイカと観血血圧との相関性

2013-10-06 22:38:03 | 救命救急
Comparison of Blood Pressures obtained with the
Pulse Decomposition Algorithm and Intra-Arterial
Catheters in ICU Patients

Introduction

The object of the work presented here was to validate a new approach to tracking blood pressure that is
based on the pulse analysis of the peripheral arterial pressure pulse. The approach, referred to as the
Pulse Decomposition Analysis (PDA) model, goes beyond traditional pulse analysis by invoking a
physical model that comprehensively links the components of the peripheral pressure pulse
envelope with two reflection sites in the centralarteries. The first reflection site is the juncture
between thoracic and abdominal aorta, which is marked by a significant decrease in diameter and a
change in elasticity. The second site arises from the juncture between abdominal aorta and the common
iliac arteries.

The PDA model integrates and goes beyond the findings of a number of studies that have confirmed
the existence of the two reflection sites. [Kriz 2008,
Latham 1985] A consequence of these reflection sites are two reflected arterial pressure pulses, referred
to as component pulses, which counter-propagate to the direction of the single arterial pressure pulse,
due to left ventricular contraction, that gave rise to them. The scenario, sketched in Figure 1, has been
described in detail elsewhere. [Baruch 2011] In the arterial periphery, and specifically at the radial or
digital arteries, these reflected pulses, the renal reflection pulse (P2, also known as the second systolic
pulse) and the iliac reflection pulse (P3), arrive with distinct time delays. In the case of P2 the delay is
typically between 70 and 140 milliseconds, in the case of P3 between 180 to 450 milliseconds.

Quantification of physiological parameters is accomplished by extracting pertinent component pulse
parameters. In the case of the beat-by-beat tracking of blood pressure the PDA model’s predictions and
previous experimental studies have shown that two pulse parameters are of particular importance. The
ratio of the amplitude of the renal reflection pulse (P2) to that of the primary systolic pulse (P1) tracks
changes in beat-by-beat systolic pressure. The time difference between the arrival of the primary
systolic (P1) pulse and the iliac reflection (P3) pulse, referred to as T13, tracks changes in arterial pulse
pressure.

Patients and Methods

In these experiments, approved by the University of Virginia Medical Center Review Board, the arterial
blood pressures of patients (23 m/11 f, mean age: 44.05 y, SD: 13.9 y, mean height: 173.3 cm, SD: 9.4
cm, mean weight: 95.3 kg, SD: 27.4 kg) hospitalized in the University of Virginia Medical Intensive Care
Unit (MICU) were monitored using radial intra-arterial catheters, while the CareTaker system collected
pulse line shapes at the lower phalange of the thumb. The overlap recording sessions with both
monitoring systems were scheduled for four hours but were frequently shorter because of medical
procedures. BedMaster (Excel Medical, Jupiter, FL) hardware and software was used to digitize and
record intra-arterial waveform data from the GE Unity network at a sample rate of 240 Hz.

Consent for data collection was obtained for 60 patients, and 34 successful data overlaps between
arterial catheter and CareTaker were obtained. Eleven arterial data sets were lost because of a
programming error in the BedMaster software, causing data to be overwritten when the overall arterial
catheter recording session extended beyond one day after the CareTaker/arterial catheter overlap
recording window. In 4 cases the BedMaster system was found to have been inoperative during the
recording window. In 4 cases the arterial catheter recordings did not include the overlap recording
window for unknown reasons, while in 4 additional cases the arterial catheter failed. Two cases involved
such substantial movement artifacts due to movement, extubation etc. that neither system was able to
obtain valid recordings. In one case the CareTaker device became accidently disconnected early in the
session.

A. CareTaker Device and PDA model

The hardware platform, which is the Care-Taker device (Empirical Technologies Corporation,
Charlottesville, Virginia) the model, and the algorithm implementation have been described in detail
elsewhere [Baruch].

B. Statistical analysis

We present regression coefficients and linear fits between arterial catheter blood pressures and the PDA
parameters P2P1 and T13 for an individual patient, histogram distributions of the slopes of the linear fits
for individual patients, as well as overall linear fit-based comparisons between central catheter blood
pressures and blood pressures obtained from the PDA parameters using a single set of conversion
constants. Bland-Altman comparisons of the two sets of blood pressures are also provided.

C. Data Inclusion

Data were excluded from analysis on the following basis:
In the case of the arterial catheter data the criteria for exclusion were as follows: A. visual inspection of
the data was used to identify sections of obvious catheter failure, characterized by either continuous or
pervasive intermittent analog/digital readings of -/+32768. B. sections contaminated by excessive
motion artifact were identified as such if the peak detection algorithm was no longer able to identify

FactorTime (Seconds)
heart beats, as evidenced by inspection of the resulting implausible and discontinuous inter-beat
interval spectrum.

In the case of the CareTaker data a Fourier spectral analysis approach was used to establish a
signal/noise factor (SNF) to identify poor quality data sections. To this end the standard deviations and
integrated amplitudes of different spectral bands were calculated. The band associated with the
physiological signal was chosen from 1-10 Hz, based on data by the authors and published results by
others. The signal strength associated with this band was compared with those of the 100-250 Hz
frequency band, which is subject to ambient noise but contains no physiologically relevant signal. The
spectrogram (top graph) displayed in figure 10 provides a motivation. Data sections characterized by low
noise feature low high-frequency spectral amplitudes and high low-frequency spectral amplitudes as
well as “structured” physiological bands, i.e. significant amplitude variations between the harmonic
bands. This motivates the analytical form of the SNF parameter, which is established by taking the ratio

A-line DiastoleTime (Seconds)
of the standard deviation of the 1-10 Hz band to the product of the integrated band strengths of the 1-
10 Hz and 100-250 frequency bands. The bottom graph of Figure 2 displays the SNF parameter for the
raw CareTaker data presented in the center graph of Figure 2. Data sections with an SNF below 80 were
excluded from the analysis.

Results

The overlap of the CareTaker data streams and the central catheter data streams was established, after
an initial alignment based on data collection systems clocks, by matching time-based inter-beat interval
spectra obtained via pulse detection obtained from both data streams. Figure 3 presents an example of
such an overlap for patient 21. The figure presents both an overall overlay of the data streams, as well
as a 70 second expanded section.

The linear model used to perform the conversion of the P2P1 parameters to systolic blood pressure for
patient 21 was (140 × P2P1 (unitless ratio) + 59.2), while the corresponding linear conversion for the T13
parameter to pulse pressure was (0.1 × T13 (milliseconds) + 13.6). Both the offsets and the slope factors
were patient-specific and obtained by chi^2 minimization of the fit of both data streams. The details of
obtaining the slope factor and the offset for individual patients, as well as the physiological relevance of
the slope factor regarding arterial stiffness, are discussed later.

In figures 9 and 10 we present the correlation and Bland-Altman results for the interbeat interval data
for patient 21, which was presented in Figure 2. The data presented in the Bland-Altman plot of figure 9
demonstrates the resolution limits of the data streams, which presents itself as diagonally-running
striations that are visible in the data. Had the data rate in both data streams been equal, the striations
would run at 45 degrees. In the case of the CareTaker data, the acquisition rate was 500 Hz, or a data
point spacing of 2.0 milliseconds, while the catheter-based data was collected at 240 Hz, corresponding
to a data point spacing of 4.16 milliseconds. Consequently the slope of the striations is 0.48, the ratio of
lower to higher data acquisition rate.

Overall Blood Pressure Results

The overall results of the study are presented as blood pressure correlations and Bland-Altman graphs in
figures 11 through 14. The data comparisons are based on two-second averages of 40-minute sections
from each patient. This approach is an established procedure that has been used in previous
presentations of comparative blood pressure data by others. 1 One important benefit of this approach is
that it gives equal weight to the data set of each patient

1 Martina JR et. al., Noninvasive continuous arterial blood pressure monitoring with Nexfin, Anesthesiology. 2012
May;116(5):1092-103.

Average Inter-beat Interval (Seconds))
mean: -0.056 millisecondsSD: 6.0 milliseconds
larger standard deviation observed here is affected by two factors: 1. the comparatively low sampling
rate of the catheter signal, 240 Hz corresponding to 4.2 milliseconds, and 2. the significantly broader
structure of the blood pressure pulse compared to the EKG signal. The first limits the temporal
resolution of peak detection, while the second limits the threshold accuracy with which a given peak can
be detected relative to other peaks, likewise introducing uncertainty into the temporal accuracy.

臨床モニター学会2013年奈良にて

2013-04-23 05:25:21 | 救命救急

スマホを用いた12誘導心電図伝送システム

2013-04-23 05:22:09 | 救命救急

独協医科大学本院 救急医学(心臓・血管内科)
准教授 菊池 研は、臨床モニター学会2013(奈良)
平成25年4月19日、
「スマホを用いた12誘導心電図伝送システム」をご発表
ラブテック社(ハンガリ国)のラブテックパソコン心電計
(モバイル スマートホン、スマートタブレット)
http://www.medicalteknika.jp/

コードレス ワイヤレス 無線 の医療機器時代到来

2013-04-12 09:47:44 | 救命救急

システム最大の利点は「正確な診断を素早くできる」こと

2013-04-04 10:46:52 | 救命救急
スマホで心電図送信、救急現場で活用
 心筋梗塞(こうそく)など緊急処置が必要とされる心臓病の治療に役立てようと、静岡県立総合病院(静岡市葵区、神原啓文院長)が、スマートフォン(多機能型携帯電話)などを使った心電図送受信システムを開発した。救急医療現場や医療過疎地で従来より素早い心臓病治療が可能になるとして、開発者らは「配備が進めば画期的」と期待している。
 このシステムは、文庫本サイズの「ポータブル心電図」とスマホやタブレット端末などを近距離無線通信でつなぎ、心電図の画像をスマホなどを通してリアルタイムで病院のパソコンへ送信するシステム。心電図の画像はスマホなどに無線で送られ、スマホからは電子メールに添付する方法でパソコンへ送信することができる。スマホやタブレット端末は、基本ソフト「アンドロイド」を搭載しているものであれば、アプリケーションを無料でダウンロードして使えるという。
 ハンガリーの医療機器メーカー「ラブテック社」と共同開発した同病院院長代理の野々木宏医師は、このシステムを「富士山(ふじやま)」と命名。川根本町の診療所などに配備し、すでに実証実験を始めているという。
 システム最大の利点は「正確な診断を素早くできる」こと。心筋梗塞(こうそく)の診断に不可欠とされる「12誘導心電図」は大型で高価なため、これまで救急車などへの配備は進んでいなかった。医師法の制限で救急隊員は現場で診断はできず、患者を病院に運んでから医師が心電図を使って診断していたため、治療開始まで時間がかかることが問題となっていた。
 現場から心電図が送られれば、病院側が前もって受け入れの準備や治療チームの招集ができるようになり、野々木医師は「心筋梗塞の治療時間を30分は短縮できる」と胸を張る。
 ポータブル心電図やスマホの配備は救急車や診療所を中心に進めなければならないため、普及には行政の後押しが不可欠。野々木医師は「我々としても働きかけなければならない」というとともに、「心筋梗塞の治療問題は世界共通なので、ゆくゆくは世界に広げていきたい」と話している。