2018年05月05日 20時43分19秒 | Weblog

SEOUL, May 4 (Yonhap) -- Four out of five part-time workers in South Korea have experience of being bullied by their employers or customers, a poll showed Friday, amid public uproar over the unruly behavior of a former senior executive of South Korea's largest air carrier, Korean Air Lines Co.

According to job search portal operator JobKorea Corp., 81 percent of the 1,106 respondents said they have been exposed to abuse of power, better known as "gapjil" in Korean.

The most common type of mistreatment was verbal abuse, such as being talked down to, with 57.1 percent of the respondents saying they have experienced it.

Receiving unfair instructions or unreasonable requests followed with 47.7 percent, and being subject to arbitrary angry outbursts came third with 47.2 percent. The survey allowed multiple answers.







2018年05月05日 20時04分30秒 | Weblog




2018年05月05日 19時57分58秒 | Weblog



2018年05月05日 10時28分46秒 | Weblog
2018年05月05日 06時33分T


A macho culture is hard to eradicate. American exceptionalism is a manifestation of it.

2018年05月05日 03時44分35秒 | Weblog
machismo  a strong sense of masculine pride : an exaggerated masculinity

Masculine in an overly assertive or aggressive way.

Recently, I was in Andalusia for a talk. Until not long ago, this southern region was one of the poorest and more macho-oriented in my country. Today it is prosperous and modern and a woman leads its regional government.

But a macho culture is hard to eradicate. At the hotel where I was supposed to stay I encountered a true macho, Manolo.





2018年05月05日 03時32分01秒 | Weblog


CNN & AFP are wrong about % of rape victim filing a report with police in Japan




1. The victim was asking for it.

2. Men get these biological urges to rape, they just can’t help themselves.

3. The victim might have made it up.

4. The victim is ruining the life of the rapist; the rapist had so many prospects.

5. The victim should not have been in that situation/known that person/lived in that neighborhood/walked down that street/gone to that bar, etc., etc.

6. People of certain races/ages/classes/backgrounds are just more prone to violent behavior.

7. The victim didn’t say no.

8. In cases of underage perpetrators: The rapist is only a child him/herself.

9. The victim should have known what he/she was getting him/herself into.

10. The victim’s parents should have taught him/her warning signs. 





According to University of Massachusetts psychologist Ronnie Janoff-Bulman (link is external), we’re able to so easily believe in our personal invulnerability because of what she calls our “positive assumptive worldview.” On some level, most of us believe that that the world is basically good, that good things happen to good people, and that we, fortunately, are good people. In other words, we believe the world is generally a just and fair place.

“There’s just this really powerful urge for people to want to think good things happen to good people and where the misperception comes in is that there’s this implied opposite: if something bad has happened to you, you must have done something bad to deserve that bad thing,” says Sherry Hamby, a professor of psychology at Sewanee University.






Unreported rapes: the silent shame

Nina Lakhani Monday 12 March 2012 00:00 GMT

The devastating scale of sexual violence against women in Britain is exposed today by new research which indicates that the vast majority of victims do not report perpetrators to the police.

One in 10 women has been raped, and more than a third subjected to sexual assault, according to a major survey, which also highlights just how frightened women are of not being believed. More than 80 per cent of the 1,600 respondents said they did not report their assault to the police, while 29 per cent said they told nobody – not even a friend or family member – of their ordeal.

Negative social attitudes to rape and sexual assault victims play a big part in the reluctance of women to come forward, the survey by Mumsnet suggests. Nearly three-quarters (70 per cent) of respondents feel the media is unsympathetic to women who report rape, while more than half say the same is true of the legal system and society in general.


Study: Sexual assaults greatly underreported
Tony Gonzalez, The Tennessean Published 11:41 p.m. ET Nov. 19, 2013 | Updated 11:42 p.m. ET Nov. 19, 2013

The research council, noting that some 80 percent of sexual assaults go unreported to law enforcement, recommends the National Crime Victimization Survey adopt new approaches to interviews, including changing the wording of questions

Reporting Sexual Assault: Why
Survivors Often Don’t

It is believed that only 15.8 to 35 percent of all sexual assaults are reported to the police.
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, M. Planty and L. Langton, “Female Victims of Sexual Violence, 1994-2010,” 2013; Wolitzky-Taylor et al, “Is
Reporting of Rape on the Rise? A Comparison of Women with Reported Versus Unreported Rape Experiences in the National Women’s StudyReplication,”

Survivors cite the following reasons for not reporting a sexual assault:
• Fear of reprisal
• Personal matter
• Reported to a different official
• Not important enough to respondent
• Belief that the police would not do anything to help
• Belief that the police could not do anything to help
• Did not want to get offender in trouble with law
• Did not want family to know
• Did not want others to know
• Not enough proof
• Fear of the justice system
• Did not know how
• Feel the crime was not “serious enough”
• Fear of lack of evidence
• Unsure about perpetrator’s intent





2018年05月05日 03時00分39秒 | Weblog


”Americans” are increasingly anchored to hatred of the outparty

2018年05月05日 01時43分14秒 | Weblog
Kazuto Suzuki


アメリカ社会は二極化し、党派性が強まっているが、それはイデオロギーへのコミットメントが強まっているからではなく、反対派の人たちに負けないようにより態度を硬化させた結果だ、という研究が出ているとのこと。 http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/americas-polarization-has-nothing-to-do-with-ideology/ … @amconmagさんから



The number of consistent liberals and conservatives in the electorate remains very small. The Bible-thumping, pro-war, free-market purist is a rare creature. So is the gun-grabbing, abortion-loving, socialist atheist. Perfect conservative and liberal stereotypes are hard to find in the real world.

Especially on economic issues, Americans exhibit a remarkable consensus, for better or for worse. Across the partisan divide, most people endorse a form of welfare capitalism—we just disagree on the minutia of tax policy, regulation, and the strength of the social safety net.

This claim, that polarization is not occurring, seems at odds with our everyday experiences. People are angry about politics, and strongly dislike their political opponents even when they substantively agree with them on many policy questions.

Part of the apparent paradox may be explained by the nature of partisanship. Rather than the result of a rational analysis of various policy positions, it may be better to think of party allegiance as an element of personal identity. This is a point that many conservatives who decry “identity politics” often miss. Party politics itself can be a form of identity politics, even if our party identifications are downstream from other elements of identity, such as race, religion, and class.

In short, partisans have different motives for identifying with their parties, and these sometimes conflict. Because party identification is an important part of personal identity, we want to be good and loyal partisans and we feel good when our team wins. On the other hand, we like to imagine ourselves as rational beings, forming political opinions and loyalties according to our analysis of what is happening in the world.

From a purely rational perspective, when our party disappoints us, we should reevaluate our support for that party, becoming independent or even joining the other side. If our party identification is a crucial part of our identity, however, this is easier said than done. Party allegiance is not fixed, but it’s also not something most of us abandon easily.

According to Groenendyk, we can resolve the tension between our party identifications and our frustration with our parties by increasing our antipathy toward our parties’ opponents. In other words, we can justify our vote choice if we believe the opposing party is worse. This allows us to acknowledge our disgust with our parties without jumping ship.

Groenendyk suggested that his hypothesis could explain other curious political developments. If out-group hostility is more important to party identification than support for particular policies or ideologies, we may not actually place very many ideological demands on our parties.

“If partisans’ identities are increasingly anchored to hatred of the outparty than affection for their inparty, electoral dynamics are likely much more fluid than many accounts suggest. Thus, insurgent candidates with questionable ideological credentials (e.g., Donald Trump) may be more appealing than one might expect in the age of ideologically sorted parties.”



 そこで党派性 partisanship がでてくるわけだね。









partisanship. out-group hostility  hatred of the outparty, affection for their inparty

それと、外者に対する憎しみ というのは、政策や原理・原則に対する目を眩ませ、所属グループへの愛着・結束を高めるにはかなり友好な手段なのかもしれませんね。

(Individualism group thinking)



2018年05月05日 01時19分10秒 | Weblog

<社説>福田氏セクハラ認定 麻生財務相は辞任せよ



(13) セクシュアル・ハラスメント(他の者を不快にさせる職場における性的な言動及び他の職員を不快にさせる職場外における性的な言動)
   ア 暴行若しくは脅迫を用いてわいせつな行為をし、又は職場における上司・部下等の関係に基づく影響力を用いることにより強いて性的関係を結び若しくはわいせつな行為をした職員は、免職又は停職とする。
   イ 相手の意に反することを認識の上で、わいせつな言辞、性的な内容の電話、性的な内容の手紙・電子メールの送付、身体的接触、つきまとい等の性的な言動(以下「わいせつな言辞等の性的な言動」という。)を繰り返した職員は、停職又は減給とする。この場合においてわいせつな言辞等の性的な言動を執拗に繰り返したことにより相手が強度の心的ストレスの重積による精神疾患に罹患したときは、当該職員は免職又は停職とする。
   ウ 相手の意に反することを認識の上で、わいせつな言辞等の性的な言動を行った職員は、減給又は戒告とする。