English Collection



2014年03月18日 | 英語学習
抽象と言う意味の "abstract" は知っていますが "Evil Under the Sun" に出てきた次ぎの "abstracted" / "abstraction" は何でしょう?
"There is something I want to know, Madam?"
Christine Redfern glanced up at Poirot in a slightly abstracted manner. She said: "Yes?"
Hercule Poirot took very little notices of her abstraction.
まず "abstracted" を辞書で見ます。
・Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary: not paying attention to what is happening or being said: thinking of other things: withdrawn in mind: inattentive to one's surroundings: said hello but seemed abstracted
・Cambridge English Dictionary: not giving attention to what is happening around you because you are thinking about something else: He gave her an abstracted glance, then returned to his book.
なるほど、それなら "abstraction" は上記の意味の名詞形としての意味でしょう。
 ・Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary: the state of someone who is not paying attention to what is happening or being said : an abstracted state
・Vocabulary.com: An abstraction is something nonspecific, a concept that isn't concrete. It can also refer to the state of mind in which a person is not paying attention to something but is lost in thought or daydreaming.
Abstraction is the noun from the adjective abstract, which derives from the Latin abstrahere "to divert." From that, we can get the idea that an abstraction is something that is drawn away from concrete reality. In the art world, an abstraction is a painting or musical piece created in the style of expressionism, in which a subject is not realistically presented or even recognized, but rather is suggested by an emotional flow of paint or music.
抽象は具体的な物から離れていて、Redfernが "abstracted manner" だったのはポアロの質問には上の空、気持ちが離れていた点で共通なのですか。 納得。