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2006年02月24日 | その他自宅学習
English Grammar in Use With Answers (Book & CD-ROM) : A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for Intermediate Students of English , Intermediate

Cambridge Univ Pr (T)

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Essential Grammar in Use: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for Elementary Students of English : With Answers (Book & CD-ROM)

Essential Grammar in Use: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for Elementary Students of English : With Answers (Book & CD-ROM) 
Cambridge Univ Pr (T)

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Do not use the present simple ( I stay/ do you go etc.) for plans and arrangements.
Are you going out tonight.(not "Do you go")

Ann isn't coming to the party next week. (not "Ann doesn't come")
If I said, " Do you go out ?" and "Ann doesn't come to the party ", 
I'm staying at the party and Ann isn't there.  I asked someone about Ann, someone answered " Ann doesn't come."  Is it OK??
"Do you go out..?" What does it have different mean ??
 
.
:::::::::::::::
Alex is getting married next month. OK
not Alex will get married...
What are you doing this evening? OK
not What will you do..

Why 2nd one wrong? What different are they??
 

Yes, the textbook is correct. The present simple has a different meaning, but your last 2 sentences are OK (alex will get married, what will you do). Why?
 
You can use "will" because you are talking about something in the future (textbook calls it "plans and arrangements"). You should not use "do" if it is about the future. It is ok grammar, but the present simple is mostly used for a repeated action. Read this
 

1. Will you play tennis?
2. Do you play tennis?
 

They are different. 2 means "have you played tennis before, and do you still play it sometimes?" It is the same as "Are you a tennis player?" It is not about the future.
 

1 means "will you play tennis this afternoon?" or "will you play tennis next year?" You are not asking if he plays tennis often, you are asking about the future.
 

This is grammar for speaking naturally. It is not about "correct" or "incorrect".
 

"I am playing tennis tomorrow" = correct and natural
"I will play tennis tommorow" = correct, but not so natural
"I play tennis tomorrow" = incorrect (there are some exceptions)
 

"Do you go out tonight?" = sounds very bad to an English speaker. But you can say "Will you go out tonight". The most natural is "Are you going out tonight?"
"Do you go out much?" = sounds good, because it is a repeated action, it is not only one time (tonight)
 

You have a natural talent for eigo, LeMON - Ganbatte!!
 

 

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