La selva bonita

ランダムウォークで気ままに,ガリレオ。
我々は流れ星のなりの果て。
El dia que me quieras.

Trees Structure and Function by Zimmermann &Brown

2017-08-11 21:27:05 | 日記
PREFACE

CHAPTER Ⅰ PRIMARY GROWTH
INTRODUCTION
1 The shoot apex
2 Bud and bud scale formation
3 The phenomenon of polarity
4 Physiology of shoot growth
5 Long and short shoot
6 Adventitious buds and epicormic branches
7 Suppressed bud and epicormic branches
8 Patterns of primary shoot growth
9 The root apex
10 periodicity of root growth
11 Form and extent of roots
12 Nutrient absorption by woody roots
13 Mycorrhizal associations

CHAPTER Ⅱ SCONDARY GROWTH
INTRODUCTION
1 The vascular cambium
2 The cork cambium
3 Growth ring formation
4 Reaction wood
5 Regeneration of sceondary tissues
6 Radial growth of roots

CHAPTER Ⅲ GROWTH AND FORM
INTRODUCTION
1 Inherent patterns of growth and form
2 Apical control of growth and forms
3 Modification of form with age
4 Growth correlations and forms
5 Effect of gravity on form
6 Environmental infliences and form

CHAPTER Ⅳ TRANSPORT IN THE XYLEM
INTRODUCTION
1 The path of water movement in stems
a The extent of the conducting unit
b Axial water movement in conifers and dicotyledononus trees
c Water movement around interruptions of the axial path
d Path of water movement in stems of arborescent monocotyldeons
e Quantitaitve aspects of xylen channels
f Path of water movement in primary tissues

2 Envidence indicating that water is normally lifted into leaves
3 The mechanism of sap ascent
4 The tensile strength of water

5 Resistanceto flow in the xylem
a Pressure gradients in flow through ideal capillaries
b Velocities of water movements in tree stems
c The hydraulic conductivity of xylem
d Estimated pressure gradients in transpiring trees

6 Experimental evidence of nagative presures and of pressure gradients
a Negative pressures in xylem
b Pressure gradients

7 The problem of bubbles
a Are vessels the main channels of water conduction?
b Confinement of air embolism
c The problem of winter freezing

8 Permanent embolism and heartwood formation

9 Solute movement in the xylem
a Extraction of xylem sap
b Solutes in Xylem sap
c Distribution of ntrients by the xylem

CHAPTER Ⅴ TRANSPORT IN THE PHLIEM
INTRODUCTION
1 General organization of phloem in trees

2 Path and direction of phloem transport
a Evidence for transport in sieve tubes
b Axial and tangential transport
c The question of polar transport
d Bidirectional phloem transport
e Differential translocation

3 Nature of translocated substances

4 Quantitative aspects of phloem transport
a Velocity of movement
b Mass transfer
c Sieve tubes as an osmotic system
d Gradients
RADiOACTIVITY GRADIENTS
GRADIENTS OF EXUDATE CONCENTRATIONS

5 Metabolism and transport
6 The plant's protection against injury of the phloem
7 Proposed mechanism of transport
a Movement of solutes indepndent from solvent water
b Transport as a flowing solution

8 Regulatipon of transort

CHAPTER Ⅵ THE STEADY SATE THERMODYNAMICS OF TRANSLOCATION IN PLANTS
INTRODUCTION
1 The onsager equations
2 Energy dissipation and physiological importance of gradients
3 Detection of translocation by electrocal means

CHAPTER Ⅶ STORAGE, MOBILIZATION AND CIRCULATION OF ASSIMILATES
INTRODUCTION
1 Diurnal storage of assimilates in the leaf
2 Storage in the stem

3 Radial transport in stems
a Structure of rays in cinifers and dicityledons
b Movement od water and mineral nutrints in rays
c Assimilate movement in rays
d Monocotyledons

4 Circulation of assimilates


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