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社説:辺野古環境委 公正に監視できるのか

2015-10-22 06:53:51 | 英字新聞

October 21, 2015 (Mainichi Japan)
Editorial: Company donations put fairness of Okinawa environmental watchdog in doubt
社説:辺野古環境委 公正に監視できるのか

Three members of an expert panel tasked with monitoring the environmental impact of construction work off the Henoko district of Nago for the planned relocation of U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Futenma received donations from contractors involved in the project.
 沖縄県の米軍普天間飛行場の辺野古移設計画をめぐり、工事が環境に与える影響を監視するため設けられた専門家委員会の委員が、受注業者から寄付金を受け取っていた。
       
Of the 13 members on the panel, Yokohama National University graduate school professor and panel chair Yoshiyuki Nakamura, along with two others, were found to have accepted donations between 500,000 yen and 8 million yen each following their appointments to the body.
 受領が判明したのは、委員13人のうち、委員長の中村由行(よしゆき)・横浜国立大大学院教授ら3人。委員就任の決定後にそれぞれ50万円から800万円が渡っていた。

The donations were given by contractors for the relocation project and an environmental consulting firm, the latter of which now runs the day-to-day office functions of the panel.
 寄付金を出したのは、移設事業を受注した建設会社や環境コンサルタント会社だ。委員会の運営業務もコンサル会社が請け負っていた。

The previous Okinawa governor, Hirokazu Nakaima, requested the formation of the expert panel in December 2013 as a condition for approving landfill work off Henoko. The Defense Ministry then established the environmental oversight committee in April the following year. The panel is tasked with providing scientific and technical advice to the Defense Ministry on environmental protection, and is responsible for environmental reviews of a drilling survey at the Henoko site -- a preliminary step to the land reclamation work -- all the way through a post-construction survey.
 委員会は、沖縄県の仲井真弘多(ひろかず)前知事が2013年12月に辺野古埋め立てを承認した際に条件として求め、防衛省が14年4月に環境監視委員会として設置した。環境保全について、同省に科学的・専門的助言をするのが目的だ。現在の準備段階から、本体工事が完了した後の事後調査まで担当する。

When the Okinawa Prefectural Government pointed to the possibility that large concrete blocks that the Defense Ministry sank into the waters off the Henoko coast for a seabed survey had destroyed coral reefs, and demanded a halt to the work this past spring, the expert panel stated that the impact of the seabed survey on the reefs was "minimal." The committee played an important role as a source of expert opinion.
 今春、防衛省が移設作業のため辺野古の海底に沈めた大型ブロックがサンゴ礁を損傷した可能性が高いと沖縄県が指摘し、作業停止を求めた際は、委員会が「サンゴ礁全体への影響は軽微」との見解を示すなど、重要な役割を果たした。

Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga has said that the government sees no problem in the three panel members receiving donations from companies involved in the base relocation work, insisting, "The panel is being managed in a fair and just manner." The panel members also claim that the donations have not affected the body's discussions and judgment.
 3委員の寄付金受領について、菅義偉官房長官は「公平公正に委員会は行われている」として、委員会の運営に問題はなかったとの考えを示す。委員らも、委員会での議論や判断に影響はなかったとしている。

Even if the truth is as Suga and the committee members have claimed, however, the situation has unfolded in the midst of the controversial U.S. base relocation plan, which has developed into a very public clash between the central and Okinawa governments. Members of the expert panel should not have accepted money that could have been seen as suspicious in any way. As an old Chinese proverb says, "If you don't want to be mistaken as stealing a plum, you should not adjust your crown under a plum tree," i.e. don't leave any room for scandal or doubt.
 菅氏や委員が言う通りだったとしても、政府と県の主張が鋭く対立する辺野古移設問題が舞台である。委員は疑いを持たれるようなカネを受け取るべきではない。「李下(りか)に冠を正さず」だ。

University of the Ryukyus professor emeritus Seiji Azuma, vice chairman of the expert committee, told the Mainichi Shimbun that most of the panel members from mainland Japan have no experience in environmental research in Okinawa.
 副委員長の東(あずま)清二・琉球大名誉教授は毎日新聞の取材に「本土から来た委員は、沖縄の環境調査を一度もしたことがない人ばかり。

"I'm dubious of their ability to conduct environmental monitoring in Okinawa. The central government is probably looking to go ahead and build the new base with a green light from the panel," Azuma added, casting doubt on the purpose of the committee itself.
どうやって沖縄の環境を監視できるのか疑問だ。委員会のお墨付きを得て基地を造るのが本音だろう」と委員会そのものへの疑問を語る。

Okinawa Gov. Takeshi Onaga revoked his predecessor's approval for the land reclamation work off Henoko last week. However, the central government is trying high-handedly to push ahead with the landfill work, and the conflict between the two sides has heightened. If the committee remains a group tailor-made to endorse the central government's plans, it will fail to fulfill its stated role as an environmental watchdog.
 翁長雄志(おながたけし)知事は先週、辺野古の埋め立て承認を取り消した。政府は工事を強引に進めようとしており、県と全面対決している。「お手盛り委員会」の疑いをかけられたままでは、環境を監視する役割は果たせないだろう。

The Defense Ministry should disclose all minutes from the panel meetings.
 防衛省は委員会の議事録をすべて公開すべきだ。

Not accepting money or goods from interested parties is the least that can be expected, morally speaking, from members of an expert panel like the environmental monitoring committee in question. The Nuclear Regulation Authority, for example, checks whether outside experts have received remuneration of 500,000 yen a year or more from nuclear business-related organizations in the previous three years when asking their opinions.
 審議会などの委員は、利害関係者から金品を受け取らないのが最低限のモラルだろう。原子力規制委員会は、外部有識者から意見を聞くにあたって、直近3年間に関連業者から年50万円以上の報酬を受け取っていないかなどを審査している。

The Defense Ministry should consider introducing such a system for the environmental monitoring committee in Okinawa.
 防衛省も環境監視委員会にこうした仕組みの導入を検討すべきだ。

毎日新聞 2015年10月21日 東京朝刊

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アフガン情勢 米軍駐留延長で治安取り戻せ

2015-10-21 06:44:48 | 英字新聞

The Yomiuri Shimbun
Afghanistan’s security must be regained with extension of U.S. troop presence
アフガン情勢 米軍駐留延長で治安取り戻せ

The international community has sacrificed a lot and spent a vast amount of money and time to bring stability to Afghanistan. We must not let the country slide back into a hotbed of terrorism.
 アフガニスタンの安定へ、国際社会は多くの犠牲を払い、膨大な費用と時間を費やしてきた。この国をテロの温床に逆戻りさせてはなるまい。

U.S. President Barack Obama has dropped the goal of completing the withdrawal of about 9,800 U.S. troops from Afghanistan by the end of next year. Instead, he will keep about 5,500 American troops in that country in 2017 and later. This is an appropriate decision.
 オバマ米大統領が、約9800人のアフガン駐留米軍の撤収を2016年末に完了させる目標を撤回した。17年以降も約5500人を残留させる。妥当な判断だ。

Following the simultaneous terrorist attacks on the United States in September 2001, the U.S. forces toppled the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, and established its presence in the country. At its peak, as many as 100,000 U.S. troops were sent to the country, mainly engaged in maintaining security, in cooperation with forces from other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
 米軍は、01年9月の同時テロ後に、タリバン政権を倒し、駐留を開始した。ピーク時には約10万人を派遣し、北大西洋条約機構(NATO)軍などと治安維持任務に従事した。

In recent years, however, U.S. troops have mainly focused on training Afghanistan’s security forces.
近年はアフガン治安部隊の訓練に重点を置いている。

U.S. troops have fought in Afghanistan for 14 years — it is the United States’ longest war — because the importance Washington places on its antiterrorism strategy remains.
 米国にとって最長の14年間も戦いを続けているのは、対テロ戦略の重要性が変わらないためだ。

Since the U.S. presidential election in 2008, Obama has consistently advocated, in campaign pledges, that he would end the wars in both Iraq and Afghanistan and withdraw troops from both countries. The war-weariness of Americans was seen behind these pledges.
 オバマ氏は、08年の大統領選以来、イラクとアフガンでの戦争終結と米軍撤収を一貫して公約に掲げてきた。国内の厭戦えんせんムードが背景にあった。

Since the U.S. and other troops ended combat missions in 2014, however, Afghanistan’s security situation has deteriorated.
だが、米軍などが戦闘任務を終えた14年以降、アフガンの治安は再び悪化した。

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani had strongly called for an extended presence of U.S. troops, while U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter said, “The narrative that we’re leaving Afghanistan is self-defeating.”
 ガニ大統領が米軍の駐留延長を強く求め、カーター米国防長官も「完全撤収は自滅的だ」と認めた。

Obama was forced to go back on his official pledges, apparently because his reading of the Afghan situation was too optimistic.
オバマ氏が公約撤回に追い込まれたのは、アフガン情勢に関する見通しが甘かったためだろう。

Some lawmakers in the U.S. Republican Party say the presence of 5,500 U.S. troops is insufficient.
 米共和党には、5500人規模の残留では不十分との声もある。

Avoid same mistakes

Following the withdrawal of U.S. troops in Iraq, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant extremist group gained power. To avoid making the same mistake, the United States has to expedite efforts to rebuild its strategy.
イラクでは、米軍撤収後に過激派組織「イスラム国」が台頭した。イラクの轍てつを踏まないよう、戦略の再構築を急ぐべきだ。

For the first time in Afghanistan’s history, power was transferred in September last year through an election with the support of the international community. In July, the first official peace talks were held between the Ghani administration and the Taliban leadership.
 アフガンでは昨年9月、国際社会の支援によって、初めての選挙を通じた政権交代が実現した。今年7月には、ガニ政権とタリバンが初の和平協議も行った。

However, the Taliban’s leadership later fell into disarray following the government’s disclosure that Mullah Omar, the supreme leader of the Taliban movement, had died, leaving no prospect for peace talks to resume anytime soon.
 しかし、タリバンは最高指導者オマル師の死亡発覚で混乱し、協議の再開は見通せない。

Also worrisome is Taliban’s recent increase in its attacks. Late last month, Taliban rebels briefly captured most of the northern town of Kunduz. Terrorist attacks by the ISIL, which is hostile to the Taliban, are becoming more serious.
 心配なのは、タリバンによる攻勢の激化だ。先月末には、北部クンドゥズの大半を一時制圧した。タリバンと敵対する「イスラム国」によるテロも深刻化している。

Self-help efforts by Afghanistan are essential. The present state of affairs, where governing functions are declining due to rivalry between Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah, should not be left to fester. The solidarity of the country’s leadership will serve as the first step toward stability.
 アフガンの自助努力が欠かせない。大統領と行政長官が力を競い合い、統治機能が低下している現状は放置できない。指導部の結束が安定への第一歩となろう。

Reinforcement of security forces is an urgent task. It is important that U.S. and other NATO forces, in cooperation with the Afghan government, secure sufficient military strength and equipment, and at the same time continue to train Afghan forces systematically.
 治安部隊の強化も、喫緊の課題だ。米軍やNATO軍はアフガン政府と連携し、必要な兵力と装備を確保するとともに、組織的な訓練を継続することが重要だ。

Since 2001, Japan has extended assistance worth about ¥700 billion in such areas as disarmament, infrastructure development, police training, education and medicine. Japan should continue doing all it can to make nonmilitary contributions to the country in the days ahead.
 日本は01年以来、武装解除や社会資本整備、警官育成、教育、医療などに約7000億円もの支援を実施してきた。今後も、非軍事分野の貢献に力を入れたい。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Oct. 20, 2015)

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マレー機撃墜 ロシアは事件捜査に協力せよ

2015-10-20 06:59:52 | 英字新聞

The Yomiuri Shimbun
Russia must cooperate in investigating downing of Malaysian jet over Ukraine
マレー機撃墜 ロシアは事件捜査に協力せよ

Even though more than one year has passed since the tragic event that killed nearly 300 people, there has been no prospect of prosecuting the perpetrators of the crime. This is an extremely grave situation.
 300近い人命を奪った悲劇から1年以上が経過しても、実行犯訴追の展望が開けていない。極めて重大な問題だ。

The safety board of the Netherlands has released its final report on the shooting down of the Malaysia Airlines Flight over eastern Ukraine in July last year. The largest number of victims were Dutch.
 昨年7月、ウクライナ東部上空で起きたマレーシア航空機撃墜事件について、最も多くの犠牲者を出したオランダの安全委員会が最終報告書を公表した。

After a detailed analysis of the downing of the plane as fighting continued between Ukrainian government forces and the pro-Russian armed separatists group, the report concluded that the plane was shot down by a Buk surface-to-air missile.
 報告書は、ウクライナ政府軍と親ロシア派武装集団の戦闘中に発生した撃墜の経緯を詳細に分析した結果、地対空ミサイル「ブク」によるものと断じた。

The report said the missile was probably launched somewhere in an area covering about 320 square kilometers in eastern Ukraine. This suggests the involvement of the armed rebels that controlled most of the area.
 ミサイルが発射された可能性のある場所として、ウクライナ東部の約320平方キロ・メートルの範囲を特定した。一帯を支配していた武装集団の関与を示唆したものだ。

The United States, European countries and the Ukrainian government say that, after analyzing records of communications and radar reports, the armed separatist group fired a missile on the Malaysian aircraft, mistakenly believing it was a Ukrainian Air Force plane.
 米欧諸国やウクライナ政府は、通信傍受やレーダーの記録などから、武装集団がマレー機をウクライナ空軍機と誤認し、ミサイルを発射したと指摘してきた。

Yet the final report did not go so far as to identify the perpetrator. Although the safety board does not have the authority to apportion blame, we can understand the growing anger among bereaved families of the victims.
 しかし、報告書は、実行犯の特定にまでは踏み込まなかった。安全委に捜査権限がないとはいえ、遺族らが憤りを募らせているのは理解できる。

A criminal investigation, aimed at identifying the perpetrators, will be put into the hands of a joint team comprising officials from such countries as the Netherlands, Malaysia, Ukraine, the United States and Russia.
 実行犯特定を含む刑事責任の追及は今後、オランダ、マレーシア、ウクライナ、米露などで構成する共同捜査団に委ねられる。

A number of suspected perpetrators have apparently already emerged. Making full use of the findings of the safety board, the joint team has to apportion blame for the barbaric action.
 すでに複数の実行犯が浮かんでいるという。共同捜査団は、安全委の調査結果を十分に生かし、蛮行の責任の所在を明確にしなければならない。

Obstacle to probe

An obstacle to the criminal investigation is that both Russia and the armed separatist group have consistently denied involvement. Both have asserted that there is a possibility the Ukrainian forces, which possess Buk missiles, shot down the plane. We think neither of them is cooperative with the investigation.
 障害となるのは、ロシアと武装集団が、自らの関与を一貫して否定していることだ。「ブク」を保有するウクライナ軍による撃墜の可能性を主張してきた。捜査にも非協力的と言うほかない。

Shortly after the crash, Russian President Vladimir Putin’s administration tacitly agreed that the pro-Russian separatists should block access of an international investigation team to the crash site.
 プーチン政権は事件直後、国際的な調査チームの現場入りを武装集団が妨害するのを黙認した。

In July, Russia vetoed a U.N. Security Council draft resolution that would have set up an international tribunal to prosecute those suspected of downing the airliner, leading to the draft resolution being rejected.
 今年7月には、実行犯の責任を問う国際犯罪法廷設置を巡る国連安全保障理事会決議案に拒否権を発動し、否決に追い込んだ。

The actions taken by Russia will only increase distrust toward that country.
 一連の行動は、ロシアへの不信を強めるだけではないか。

To identify the site where the missile was launched from and to prosecute those suspected of downing the airliner, the provision of relevant information from Russia is essential. It is important for the international community to support the joint investigation team and press Russia to cooperate.
 ミサイル発射地点の解明と、全実行犯の訴追には、ロシアによる情報提供が欠かせない。国際社会は共同捜査団を支援し、ロシアに協力を促すことが肝要だ。

In determining what happened, it is urgently needed to stabilize the local situation in eastern Ukraine.
 真相解明には、ウクライナ東部情勢の安定化が急務である。

Although the fighting has been in a lull since last month, the withdrawal of heavy weapons of both the Ukrainian government forces and the separatists has made little progress, delaying the implementation of a ceasefire accord.
 9月以降、戦闘は小康状態にあるが、ウクライナ政府軍と武装集団の重火器撤去が進まないなど、停戦合意の履行は遅れている。

To avoid the conflict from continuing for a protracted period, the United States, European countries and Japan should cooperate with each other and continue urging the parties involved to abide by the ceasefire accord.
 紛争の長期化を避けるために、米欧や日本は連携し、当事者に停戦の順守を迫り続けるべきだ。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Oct. 19, 2015)

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米韓首脳会談 対中傾斜で同盟を揺るがすな

2015-10-19 06:08:06 | 英字新聞

The Yomiuri Shimbun
South Korea should not shake alliance with U.S. by favoring China too much
米韓首脳会談 対中傾斜で同盟を揺るがすな

It is vital that the United States and South Korea maintain their solid alliance, for the deterrence of North Korea’s military provocations and the regional stability of Asia. South Korea should not weaken these ties by getting too close to China.
 米国と韓国が強固な同盟を維持することは、北朝鮮の軍事挑発に対する抑止とアジア地域の安定に不可欠である。韓国は過度に中国に接近し、同盟を弱体化させてはなるまい。

U.S. President Barack Obama held talks with his South Korean counterpart Park Geun-hye in Washington and they adopted a joint statement focusing on their cooperation to get Pyongyang to abandon its nuclear and missile programs.
 オバマ米大統領がワシントンで朴槿恵韓国大統領と会談し、北朝鮮の核放棄に向けた協力などを柱とする共同声明を発表した。

The statement warns that additional sanctions will be imposed on Pyongyang should the country push through with launching a ballistic missile or conducting a nuclear test in violation of U.N. Security Council resolutions.
 北朝鮮が国連安全保障理事会決議を破って弾道ミサイル発射や核実験を強行した場合は、追加制裁に踏み切ると警告している。

Since this summer, North Korea has heightened military tensions between South and North Korea, while also hinting at the possibility of its conducting nuclear tests.
 北朝鮮は今夏以降、南北間の軍事的緊張を高め、核実験実施なども示唆した。

It is significant that Obama confirmed the need to strengthen the U.S.-South Korea alliance during a joint press conference, saying, “The commitment of the United States to the defense and security of the Republic of Korea will never waver.”
オバマ氏が共同記者会見で、「韓国防衛への米国の責任は揺るぎない」と述べ、同盟強化を確認した意義は大きい。

Yet it cannot be denied that the “close alliance” between the United States and South Korea has been in large part choreographed, because the heightened distrust within the United States regarding South Korea’s inclination toward China needed to be denied.
 ただ、米韓の「緊密な同盟」は多分に、演出されたものであることは否めない。米国内で強まっていた韓国の対中傾斜への不信感を打ち消す必要があったからだ。

Park decided on South Korea’s participation in the China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, and attended the military parade China held to mark the anniversary of its “victory over Japan” in World War II.
 朴氏は、中国主導のアジアインフラ投資銀行(AIIB)への参加を決め、中国の「抗日戦勝」記念軍事パレードにも出席した。

‘Natural partner’

“I believe that we [South Korea and the United States] make natural partners,” Park said at the press conference regarding the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade negotiations, in which member countries such as Japan and the United States recently reached a broad agreement. This statement indicated Seoul’s intention to join the TPP, and was probably aimed at mitigating U.S. concern.
 記者会見で朴氏は、日米などが大筋合意した環太平洋経済連携協定(TPP)について、「米韓は自然なパートナーになれる」と語り、参加の意欲を示した。米側の懸念を緩和する狙いだろう。

Obama said at the press conference that if China fails to abide by international rules, “We expect the Republic of Korea to speak out on that,” driving home the point.
 オバマ氏は記者会見で、中国が国際ルールを守らない場合には、「韓国も声を上げてほしい」と朴氏にクギを刺した。

Obama’s remark was apparently made in consideration of China’s self-serving maritime advances in the East and South China seas. But Park made no reference to this.
中国による東・南シナ海での独善的な海洋進出を念頭に置いたものだ。だが、朴氏はこの点に言及しなかった。

It remains unclear whether South Korea will modify its diplomatic stance toward China.
 韓国が今後、対中姿勢を修正するかどうかは不透明だ。

The amount of bilateral trade between China and South Korea exceeds the sum of its trade with the United States and Japan. We can understand Seoul attaching importance to China in the economic field, but shifting its priorities from Washington to Beijing in the realm of security could destabilize the region.
 中韓の貿易額は米韓、日韓の合計を上回る。韓国が経済面で中国を重視するのは理解できるが、安全保障面で米国から中国に軸足を移すことは、地域を不安定化させる危険をはらんでいる。

During a speech made earlier in Washington, Park said she intends to hold her first full-fledged talks with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on the occasion of the trilateral summit among Japan, China and South Korea in early November.
 朴氏はワシントンで行った講演で、11月初めの日中韓首脳会談の際、安倍首相と初めて本格的に会談する意向も表明した。

Since she took office, Park made it a condition that she would hold summit talks with Japan if progress was made on the issue of so-called comfort women.
 就任以来、慰安婦問題の進展を日韓首脳会談を行う条件としてきた。

Park appears to have agreed at last to Washington’s repeated urging to improve the bilateral relations between Japan and South Korea.
日韓関係の改善を求める米国の再三の働きかけに、ようやく応じた格好である。

However, Park emphasized, “The summit can have substantial meaning if we see some progress on the issue of comfort women.”
 一方で、朴氏は、「慰安婦問題で進展があれば、意味ある首脳会談になる」とも強調した。

Unless Park changes her diplomatic posture of giving too much weight to issues related to historical perception, it will be difficult for Japan and South Korea to effectively deal with the mountain of pending issues. It will be impossible to realize the close trilateral cooperation among Japan, the United States and South Korea that Washington hopes to see.
 朴氏が歴史問題に偏った外交姿勢を改めなければ、日韓が山積する懸案に効果的に対処することは難しい。米国が望む日米韓の緊密な連携も実現できないだろう。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Oct. 18, 2015)

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非常任理事国 国際平和協力に弾みつけたい

2015-10-18 08:31:25 | 英字新聞

The Yomiuri Shimbun
Japan should boost contribution to peace as UNSC nonpermanent member
非常任理事国 国際平和協力に弾みつけたい

Becoming a member of the U.N. Security Council is a significant step forward to enhance Japan’s engagement in the peace and stability of the international community and secure its national interests. The government should take full advantage of this opportunity.
 国際社会の平和と安定への関与を強め、日本の国益を確保するうえで、重要な前進である。政府は、この機会を最大限に活用すべきだ。

Japan was elected a nonpermanent member of the Security Council, gaining a seat for the 11th time, the most among the 193 member countries of the United Nations. Its term will last for two years beginning next January.
 日本が国連安全保障理事会の非常任理事国に選出された。193加盟国で最多の11回目だ。任期は来年1月から2年間となる。

U.N. diplomacy is a major pillar of Japan’s foreign policy, along with the Japan-U.S. alliance. Coordination with the United Nations is also essential to embody the “proactive contribution to peace” advocated by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s administration. It is the right time for Japan to return to the Security Council after its last service as a nonpermanent member, which ended in 2010.
 国連外交は、日米同盟とともに日本外交の主要な柱だ。安倍政権が掲げる「積極的平和主義」の具体化にも、国連との協調が欠かせない。2010年以来の安保理への復帰は、時宜を得たものだ。

How can the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria be resolved? How should the threat of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant militant group be dealt with? Security Council members can adopt resolutions that bind all the U.N. member nations, and take other actions after holding unofficial talks among them.
 ウクライナ、シリアの紛争をいかに収拾するか。過激派組織「イスラム国」の脅威にどう対処するか。安保理メンバー国は非公式に協議を重ね、全加盟国を拘束できる決議などを採択する。

The five permanent members of the Security Council with veto power are strong, but so are the power of information and the voices held by the 10 nonpermanent members. Nonpermanent members can quickly ascertain changing international situations and exercise influence over discussions on resolutions.
 拒否権を持つ5常任理事国の権限は強いが、10非常任理事国の情報力や発言権も大きい。変動する国際情勢を迅速に把握し、決議案審議で影響力を行使できる。

For instance, when Pyongyang carried out a nuclear-weapon test in 2009, Japan led the adoption of resolutions, including sanctions, against North Korea in cooperation with the United States and other countries. Japan was a nonpermament member of the Security Council at that time.
 09年に北朝鮮が核実験を強行した際は、非常任理事国の日本が米国などと連携し、制裁を含む決議の採択を主導した。

To protect own safety

Japan should proactively engage in discussions and the decision-making process at the Security Council to protect its own safety.
 日本の安全を守るためにも、安保理の議論と意思決定に主体的に関わることが大切だ。

It must also actively tackle human rights issues, in a bid to resolve the abduction of Japanese nationals by North Korean agents.
 北朝鮮による日本人拉致問題の解決に向けて、人権問題にも積極的に取り組む必要がある。

Since the end of World War II, Japan has helped developing countries overcome various problems such as poverty and disease. It has consistently participated in U.N. peacekeeping operations. We expect the nation to propose its own ideas and solutions for peace building, and broaden understanding of these ideas among concerned countries.
 日本は戦後、途上国の貧困や疾病の克服などの支援を続けている。国連平和維持活動(PKO)にも継続的に参加してきた。安保理メンバーとして、平和構築に関する自らの理念と処方箋を発信し、関係国の理解を広げたい。

Discussions on the Security Council reform have shifted into high gear this year, which marks the 70th anniversary of the end of WWII.
 戦後70年の今年は、安保理改革の議論が本格化している。

The Group of Four countries — Japan, Germany, India and Brazil — aim to implement a reform plan to increase the permanent members of the Security Council to 11, and the nonpermanent members to 14 or 15.
 日本とドイツ、インド、ブラジルの「G4」は、常任理事国を11に、非常任理事国を14~15に拡大する案の実現を図る方針だ。

A nonpermanent member of the Security Council cannot be reelected consecutively, and a country has to win support from more than two-thirds of all U.N. member countries each time it is elected.
 非常任理事国は再選できず、当選には加盟国の3分の2以上の支持をその都度得る必要がある。

Japan pays the largest contributions to the world body following the United States, equivalent to over 10 percent of the U.N. budget. To secure influence matching that amount, Japan should keep trying to become a permanent member of the Security Council.
 米国に次ぐ、国連予算の10%強の分担金に見合う影響力を確保するためにも、日本は常任理事国入りに粘り強く挑戦したい。

The G-4 submitted a Security Council reform plan to the United Nations in 2005, but it was not adopted due to opposition from both the United States and China, and unsuccessful coordination with African countries.
 G4は05年にも、改革案を国連に提出したが、米中両国の反対や、アフリカ諸国との連携の不調で、採決できずに頓挫した。

U.N. reform is difficult, because it represents an historic attempt to change the international order based on the outcome of WWII.
 国連改革は、第2次大戦の結果を踏まえた国際秩序を変更する歴史的試みだけに、困難を伴う。

Learning from the failed attempt in 2005, the G-4 must consolidate forces that are positive about Security Council reform while rebuilding its cooperative relations with the United States and African countries.
 05年の失敗を教訓に、米国やアフリカとの協調関係を再構築しつつ、安保理改革に前向きな勢力を結集することが大切である。

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, Oct. 17, 2015)

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