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2006年度<英語第2次口述試験の時間帯別問題群と模範解答>

2016年11月11日 12時34分04秒 | ●アーカイブ(第2次口述試験問題)

2006年度<英語第2次口述試験の時間帯別問題群と模範解答>

2006年度から、<通訳案内士試験ガイドガイン>により試験が実施されるようになり、第2次口述試験では、<時間帯別問題群>が用意され、その<問題群>から質問されるようになりました。
下記は、2006年に出題された受験外国語英語の<時間帯別問題群と模範解答>です。

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2006年度<時間帯別問題群と模範解答>
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問題群(1)[10:00〜12:00]

(1)日本で桜はいつどこで見られるのか。
When and where can we see cherry blossoms in Japan?
Each spring, the cherry blossom season starts in Okinawa and moves northward by degrees. Although at each place the petals fall after about a week, a person who travels north following the “cherry blossom front” would be able to enjoy the blossoms for nearly three months. Some examples of places where you can enjoy cherry blossom viewing are Yoshinoyama in Nara Prefecture, Arashiyama in Kyoto, Ueno Park in Tokyo, Kakunodate in Akita Prefecture, and Hirosaki in Aomori Prefecture.

(2)日本の気候はどんなものか。
What is the climate of Japan like?
There are four distinct seasons in Japan — spring, summer, fall and winter. There is also a rainy season between spring and summer. Japan's climate is in-fluenced by summer and winter monsoons, ocean currents and topographical features.

(3)日本史で最も重要だと思う人物は誰か。
Who do you think is the most important person in Japanese history?
I think it's Tokugawa Ieyasu, who lived from 1543 to 1616. He was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate, which was to maintain effective rule over Japan from 1600 through 1867. With his sweeping victory in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, Ieyasu became the most powerful warrior leader in Japan, and in 1603 he assumed the title of the shogun, thus succeeding in the reunifica-tion of Japan. Ieyasu established the “bakuhan” (literally, shogunate-domain) system, which was the political, economic, and social foundation of the entire Edo period.

(4)将軍とは何か。
What is shogun?
Shogun is usually translated as generalissimo. It was originally a temporary title given by the emperor to the commander-in-chief of an expeditionary army. Later, it developed into the official title given by the emperor to the administrative head of the country. This shogunate system lasted until the mid-19th century.

(5)どのような機会に日本人は着物を着るのか。
On what occasions do Japanese people wear a kimono?
Today, kimonos are worn only on special occasions, such as graduation ceremo-nies, Coming-of-Age Day ceremonies, weddings, or celebration of New Year's Day. These days, fewer and fewer people wear kimono. One big reason is that they are very expensive. Another reason is that, when wearing a kimono, it's difficult to move around.

(6)日本を訪れる際に外国人観光客が知っておくべき日本の重要な習慣は何か。
What is the important custom that foreign tourists should beaware of, when they come to Japan?
In Japan, tipping is not necessary unless you have requested some special ser-vices. This holds true for the services of taxi drivers, bellboys, and restaurant staff. Also, foreign tourists need to be aware of the Japanese custom of taking off their shoes at the entrance before they enter a private house, or when they enter a tatami room of a Japanese-style hotel.

(7)日本の子供は成長したら何になりたいのか。日本の子供の間で人気の職業は何か。
What do Japanese children want to become when they grow up? What are occupations popular among them?
I think that many Japanese boys dream about becoming baseball players in the US major-league teams. It is because several famous Japanese players, such as Matsui and Ichiro, have served as their role models. As for girls, many dream about becoming florists or confectioners.

(8)タクシーに鞄(財布など)を忘れたら、どうすべきか。 
If I left my bag (wallet, etc.) behind in a taxi, what should I do?
First of all, you should call the taxi company if you know which one it was. If not, go to a police box nearby, and a police officer should be willing to help you solve the problem.

問題群(2)[13:00〜15:00]

(1)日本には城が多いが、最も有名な城はどれか。
Japan has many castles. What is the most famous castle in Japan?
Himeji Castle near Kobe is one of the most famous ones. It is known as “Egret Castle” because of its white plastered walls, and is considered one of the most beautiful castles in Japan. It is also a World Cultural Heritage site as well as a National Treasure. As usual with many Japanese castles, it sits high on a hill and offers an excellent view from the top of the castle tower.

(2)日本で歴史的に重要な場所を訪れてみたい。どこを薦めるか。
I would like to see some historical sites in Japan. Where would you recommend I visit?
①I would recommend Kyoto, which was an ancient capital of Japan for over 1,000 years. There you can visit some of Japan's most famous historic sites such as Kinkaku Temple and Kiyomizu Temple. Kinkaku Temple is known in the West as “The Temple of the Golden Pavilion.” Kiyomizu Temple is built out over a cliff and is famous for its wide veranda and tall wooden pillars.
②I would recommend Nara, which was an ancient capital of Japan in the 8th cen-tury. It has many places of historical interest including Nara Park and Todai-ji Temple, in which a large statue of Buddha is located. The city retains a serene traditional atmosphere.
③I would recommend Nikko. It is a popular tourist site character- ized by the elaborately constructed Toshogu Shrine dedicated to Tokugawa Ieyasu, the first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate. Nikko has other sites of historic interest such as Futarasan Shrine and Rinnou-ji Temple. The former has a pleasant garden, and is dedicated to the gods of mountains surrounding Nikko. The latter was founded in the 8th century and is known for its Sambutsudo Hall, a large building that enshrines three 8.4m-high gold-plated wooden images of Buddha.
④I would recommend Kamakura, a historical city about 50km southwest of Tokyo. From the end of the 12th century through the early 14th century, Kamakura was the seat of the bakufu or feudal military government. The city has many historical and cultural sites, for example, Kamakura Daibutsu (Great Buddha) and Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine.
⑤I would recommend Dazaifu in Fukuoka. You should visit Dazaifu Tenmangu Shrine, which is dedicated to Sugawara-no-Michizane. In the early 10th century, he was demoted from his position as Minister of the Right in Kyoto and exiled to Dazaifu, where he continued his scholarly studies despite extreme hardships. Today, he is deified as the god of scholarship, which is why this shrine is popular among high-school students praying to pass tough entrance exams into universi-ties.

(3)日本の地理的特徴について述べよ。
Tell me about the geographical features of Japan.
First, the islands of Japan are surrounded by the sea. Second, Japan has a wide variety of topographical features due to several volcanic ranges which run through the country. Third, its rivers are short and fast-flowing, and as a result, they form deep gorges in the mountainous areas. Finally, Japan boasts many places of scenic beauty and hot-spring resorts.

(4)なぜ日本には温泉がたくさんあるのか。
Why are there so many hot springs in Japan?
The number of hot springs has a lot to do with the number of volcanoes. Because Japan has lots of volcanoes, it abounds in natural hot springs.

(5)外国人観光客のどのような習慣を、日本人は無礼だと感じるのか。
What traits of foreign tourists are thought to be rude to Japanese?
Some Westerners blow their nose making a big noise while eating at a dining ta-ble. Also, I have seen some Westerners sitting on a table or desk. These are gen-erally considered to be rude in Japan.

(6)日本で稲作が有名な地域はどこか。
What part of Japan is famous for producing rice?
Among the most famous rice-producing areas in Japan is Niigata Prefecture. The most popular rice variety is Koshihikari, which is produced in many areas in Ja-pan, but the tastiest Koshihikari is said to be the one produced in the Uonuma region in Niigata Prefecture.

(7)私は娘と旅をしている外国人観光客で、娘が急に腹痛になったとします。このような場合、どうすべきですか。
Suppose I am a foreign tourist with my daughter and my daughter has a sudden stomachache, what should I do?
Let's go and get some stomach medicine at a drugstore. If she doesn't get well with the medicine, we should take her to a nearby hospital.

(8)日本の国技は何か。 
What is the national sport of Japan?
Sumo is generally recognized as the national sport of Japan. In ancient times, it was a sacred event to foretell an abundant harvest. In the Heian period, sumo was adopted as a court ritual. Even today, sumo includes many ceremonial ele-ments. Today, sumo is one of the most popular spectator sports, and we can see many foreign sumo wrestlers active on TV.

問題群(3)[15:30〜17:00]

(1)日本で観光するのに、どこを薦めるか。
Where would you recommend I visit for sightseeing in Japan?
I would recommend Hakone. Hakone is a popular all-year tourist site because of its many hot-spring resorts, beautiful scenery and comfortable climate. Its easy access from Tokyo, views of Mt. Fuji, and the plentiful facilities in the district al-so add to its attraction.

(2)日本の夏の魅力は何か。
What is the attraction of Japanese summer?
If you are interested in outdoor activities, you can enjoy swimming in the sea or climbing mountains. You can also enjoy viewing fireworks displays and Bon dances, throughout Japan in summer.

(3)日本史における最も重要な出来事は何か。
What is the most important event in Japanese history?
It was the Meiji Restoration. It is narrowly defined to refer to the 1867 coup d'état that overthrew the Tokugawa shogunate, but it more broadly marked the beginning of Japan's modernization. Following the opening of the country to the West in the mid-19th century, Japan had an influx of various foreign things from Western technology to the military draft system to democracy. Japan abolished its feudalistic shogunate system and developed into a constitutional monarchy.

(4)日本史に興味があるのだが、どの博物館を訪れたらよいのか。
I am interested in Japanese history. Which museum would you rec-ommend I visit?
If you are traveling in the Tokyo metropolitan area, I would recommend two museums. One is Edo-Tokyo Museum in Sumida Ward. There you can get a brief overview of Tokyo's 400-year history through various exhibits. The other is Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Cultural History in Naka Ward, Yokohama. One of the museum buildings is a former bank built in the Meiji period, and its very modern architecture is worth seeing.

(5)畳に長時間座ることができないが、どうすればよいのか。
I can't sit on tatami mats for a long time. What should I do?
When we need to sit in the “seiza” position (that is, to sit on our heels with our back straight) on tatami for a long time, it's natural for our feet or legs to go numb. The trick to reduce your numbness is that you slightly cross your big toes, relax your elbows and shoulders, and occasionally switch the upper and lower positions of the big toes. But if it really gets unbearable, you can ask for permis-sion to be excused from such a position and sit cross-legged.

(6)パスポートをなくしてしまったが、どうすればよいのか。
I lost my passport. What should I do?
First, you should report it to the police. If the police weren't able to find it, then you should get in touch with your embassy or consulate, and apply for your passport to be reissued. Most likely, you can have your passport reissued in two or three weeks.

(7)今日多くの日本人はとてもよく働くが、なぜ彼らは勤勉なのか。
Today many Japanese work very hard. Why do they work so hard?
It is because of the Japanese work ethic. Japanese place intrinsic value on work itself, and don't necessarily consider work as something to be exchanged with money. That's why Japanese generally do a lot of overtime work, even when they're not paid for it. However, this work ethic is changing among the young people today, many of whom place equal importance on their private lives and their work.

(8)日本で最も人気のあるスポーツは何か。 
What is the most popular sport in Japan?
By far the most popular are baseball and soccer. Among amateur baseball events, the high-school baseball championship games are the most popular. They are held each spring and summer, and broadcast nationwide on TV and radio. Japa-nese professional baseball attracts fans of all ages. Soccer shares the same popu-larity as baseball. It is particularly popular among the young.

問題群(4)[17:00〜19:00]

(1)富士山を眺めるにはどこが一番よい場所だと思うか。
Where do you think is the best spot for viewing Mt. Fuji?
Probably it is Lake Kawaguchi on the northern foot of Mt. Fuji. The lake is noted for its fine view of Mt. Fuji from its northern shore, where the majestic peak may be seen both in its natural form and as an inverted image on the surface of the placid lake waters.

(2)皇居はいつでも一般公開されているのか。
Is the Imperial Palace always open to the public?
No, it is open only on January 2 for the New Year Greetings and on December 23 for the Emperor's Birthday. On those days, access is allowed as far as Chowaden Hall, where the Imperial Couple and their family can be seen.

(3)日本の気候はどんなものか。日本にはいくつの季節があるのか。
What is the climate of Japan like? How many seasons do you have in Japan?
There are four distinct seasons in Japan — spring, summer, fall and winter. There is also a rainy season between spring and summer. Japan's climate is in-fluenced by summer and winter monsoons, ocean currents and topographical features.

(4)日本人はどういう機会に寺に行くのか。
On what occasions do Japanese go to Buddhist temples?
Very few Japanese go to temples except for funerals or hatsumode, the first visit paid on New Year holidays. However, temples in Kyoto and Nara, such as Ki-yomizu Temple and Todai-ji Temple, are always crowded with tourists.

(5)箸を使えないが、どうすればよいのか。
I can't use chopsticks. What should I do?
Don't worry. Most restaurants or dining rooms of hotels you may stay at have knives and forks available for those who are not accustomed to using chopsticks.

(6)日本人はいつから洋服を着るようになったのか。
When did Japanese start wearing Western-style clothes?
The Japanese started wearing Western-style clothes in the Meiji period (1868-1912). The Meiji government first adopted a European-style military uni-form, and decided that officials, mailmen, and railroad workers should all wear Western-style clothes. This was because they felt it necessary to quickly trans-form Japan into a modern state. This expedited the spread of Western-style clothes among ordinary people as well.

(7)タバコを吸いたいのだが、どこで吸っても良いのか。
I would like to smoke, but can I smoke anywhere?
In most public places you can't smoke. Places where you can smoke are very lim-ited like the “smoking corner” of railway stations or the smoking area of restau-rants. In some streets of large cities you can't smoke while walking. If you are caught smoking, you will be fined.

(8)日本の主たる産業は何か。また、それはどこにあるのか。 
What is the major industry of Japan, and where is it located?
It is the automotive industry, and its largest factories are located in Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture, in central Japan. Toyota Motors has become the biggest car company in the world, surpassing General Motors.

以上

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