ライフ、健康

元気で幸せで暮らすため いい生活習慣を身に付けまましょう

Organic electronics is already changing technology as we know it

2016-10-12 16:20:06 | 高齢社会
One day, your latest gadget won’t be in your pocket like a phone or even wrapped around your wrist like a smart watch, but stuck to your skin like a transparent plaster. Researchers at the University of Tokyo are the latest group to attempt to make this kind of “optoelectronic skin”, with an ultra-thin, flexible LED display that can be worn on the back of your hand.
What makes this possible is the field of “organic electronics”, which can also be used to create a range of technologies from printed solar cells to computer screens you can roll up and put in your pocket. The name comes from the use of “organic” semiconductors, which are made with materials based on carbon rather than silicon as in conventional electronics. And while optoelectronic skins are still being developed – organic electronics are already changing the technology we buy.
Organic semiconductor materials typically come in two forms: as a small molecule consisting of a few tens or hundreds of atoms, or as long chains of thousands of repeating molecules (a plastic). The latter is particularly interesting, because we don’t normally think of plastics as conductors of electricity. But during the 1970s researchers realised they could make some plastics act as conductors, and some as semiconductors (which conduct electricity only under certain conditions).
For many years the electrical performance of semiconducting plastics and small molecules has lagged behind the inorganic (non-carbon based) semiconductors that underlie many of our modern computer chips. But thanks to continued research and development there are now organic semiconductors with good enough performance that they are starting to be commercialised in new and exciting applications.
The chemistry of organic semiconductors can be modified in ways that are impossible with materials such as silicon. Organic semiconductors can be made to be soluble, and can be turned into an ink. This means it’s possible to print electronic circuits, with the potential to manufacture components as fast as printing newspapers. And because they’re based on plastic materials, these circuits can also be made flexible and so no longer need to sit inside rigid boxes.
Another application for OLEDs are in displays. They are particularly popular with TV manufacturers because they generate light directly and so don’t need the white backlight and filters that are found in other technologies, meaning the overall display can be thinner. They also open the possibility of making flexible led screen and several electronics manufacturers are expected to launch bendable products in the next few years, although this is not without its challenges.
Flexible displays rely upon electronic switches known as transistors. These organic field-effect transistors are also made from organic semiconductors. Behind each OLED pixel in the display is an OFET, ready to turn it on and off as required. OFETs work by having three electrical connections: the gate, source and drain. A voltage applied to the gate makes the semiconductor either more or less conductive. This either allows or prevents electrical current from flowing between the source and drain.
ジャンル:
ウェブログ
コメント   この記事についてブログを書く
この記事をはてなブックマークに追加
« Qinhan Precision Industrial... | トップ | HOW TO CHOOSE CORRECT CO2 G... »
最近の画像もっと見る

コメントを投稿


コメント利用規約に同意の上コメント投稿を行ってください。

数字4桁を入力し、投稿ボタンを押してください。

あわせて読む

トラックバック

この記事のトラックバック  Ping-URL
  • 30日以上前の記事に対するトラックバックは受け取らないよう設定されております。
  • 送信元の記事内容が半角英数のみのトラックバックは受け取らないよう設定されております。
  • このブログへのリンクがない記事からのトラックバックは受け取らないよう設定されております。
  • ※ブログ管理者のみ、編集画面で設定の変更が可能です。